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Krieger D.,Justus Liebig University | Moericke A.,University of Kiel | Oschlies I.,University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein | Zimmermann M.,Justus Liebig University | And 4 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2010

Although deletions of cell cycle regulatory gene loci have long been reported in various malignancies, little is known regarding their relevance in pediatric T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) and T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (TALL). The current study focused on loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analyses of the CDKN2A/B (chromosome 9p), ATM (chromosome 11q) and p53 (chromosome 17p) gene loci. Frequencies of LOH were compared in 113 pediatric T-LBL and 125 T-ALL who were treated uniformly according to ALL-BFM strategies. Furthermore, LOH findings were correlated with clinical characteristics and tested for their prognostic relevance. LOH at 9p was detected in 47% of T-LBL and 51% of T-ALL, and was associated with male gender in both. In T-ALL, LOH at 9p was associated with favorable initial treatment response. A tendency for favorable eventfree-survival was observed in LOH 9p positive T-LBL. The frequency of LOH at chromosomes 11q and 17p was 5% or less for both diseases. ©2010 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Mueller L.,University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein | von Seggern L.,University of Hamburg | Schumacher J.,University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein | Goumas F.,University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein | And 3 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2010

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) represent the predominant cell type of the neoplastic stroma of solid tumors, yet their biology and functional specificity for cancer pathogenesis remain unclear. We show here that primary CAFs from colorectal liver metastases express several inflammatory, tumor-enhancing factors, including interleukin (IL)-6 and monocyte-chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1. Both molecules were intensely induced by TNF-α on the transcript and protein level, whereas PDGF-BB, TGF-β1 and EGF showed no significant effects. To verify their potential specialization for metastasis progression, CAFs were compared to fibroblasts from non-tumor liver tissue. Interestingly, these liver fibroblasts (LFs) displayed similar functions. Further analyses revealed a comparable up-regulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) by TNF-α, and of alpha-smooth muscle actin, by TGF-β1. Moreover, the proliferation of both cell types was induced by PDGF-BB, and CAFs and LFs displayed an equivalent migration towards HT29 colon cancer cells in Boyden chamber assays. In conclusion, colorectal liver metastasis may be supported by CAFs and resident fibroblastic cells competent to generate a prometastatic microenvironment through inflammatory activation of IL-6 and MCP-1. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

Calderon C.,Janssen Research and Development LLC | Zucht H.-D.,Formerly of Digilab BioVisioN GmbH | Kuhn A.,The Interdisciplinary Center | Wozniacka A.,Medical University of Lodz | And 5 more authors.
Lupus | Year: 2015

Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is an inflammatory autoimmune skin disease in which abnormal photosensitivity is an important pathogenetic factor but is difficult to predict, creating a challenge in determining treatment efficacy. Although photosensitivity in CLE patients may change over time, photoprovocation testing with ultraviolet (UV) A and UVB irradiation can be a helpful tool to explore differences between responders and nonresponders during photoprovocation. To identify biomarkers that could substitute for the clinical endpoint lesion development, we performed a global peptidomics profiling analysis of CLE subjects in a controlled photoprovocation study. Plasma and skin biopsy samples were collected before and after UV-irradiation from 13 healthy volunteers and 47 CLE subjects. Twenty-two of the 47 CLE subjects developed skin lesions. The samples were analyzed using a label-free quantitative peptidomics workflow combined with univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. The primary finding was identification of a specific plasma peptide signature separating responders versus nonresponders at baseline. The peptide signature consisted of beta 2-microglobulin (B2MG), human beta-defensin-1, and peptides derived from CD99, polymeric immunoglobulin receptor, and immunoglobulin kappa light chains. In skin, elevated B2MG levels correlated with lesion formation. Our results show that the peptidome is a rich source of potential biomarkers for predicting photosensitivity in CLE. © 2015 The Author(s).

Thill M.,University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein | Thill M.,Breast Cancer Center | Baumann K.,University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein
Breast Care | Year: 2012

Since breast-conserving surgery has become the gold standard for early breast cancer, the development of less radical or less burdensome technologies has been pressed for in order to preserve the patient from unnecessary harm through the operative procedure. Different technical approaches are under evaluation, and some of them are already being used in the clinical setting. The aim of this article is to present a perspective on future breast cancer surgery by shedding light on the current innovative and new techniques. © 2012 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.

Csernok E.,University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein | Moosig F.,University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein
Nature Reviews Rheumatology | Year: 2014

Detection of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) is a well-established diagnostic test used to evaluate suspected necrotizing vasculitis of small blood vessels. Conditions associated with these antibodies, collectively referred to as ANCA-associated vasculitides, include granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Wegener granulomatosis), microscopic polyangiitis, and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Churg-Strauss syndrome). The diagnostic utility of ANCA testing depends on the type of assay performed and on the clinical setting. Most laboratories worldwide use standard indirect immunofluorescence tests (IFT) to screen for ANCA and then confirm positive IFT results with antigen-specific tests for proteinase 3 (PR3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO). Developments such as automated image analysis of immunofluorescence patterns, so-called third-generation PR3-ANCA and MPO-ANCA ELISA, and multiplex technology have improved the detection of ANCAs. However, challenges in routine clinical practice remain, including methodological aspects of IFT performance, the diverse antigen-specific assays available, the diagnostic value of testing in clinical settings and the prognostic value of serial ANCA monitoring in the prediction of disease relapse. This Review summarizes the available data on ANCA testing, discusses the usefulness of the various ANCA assays and advises on the clinical indications for the use of ANCA testing. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

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