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Magro M.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Girasis C.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Bartorelli A.L.,University of Milan | Tarantini G.,University of Padua | And 13 more authors.
EuroIntervention | Year: 2013

Aims: Tryton side branch (SB) reverse culotte stenting has been employed for the treatment of left main (LM) stem bifurcations in patients at high risk for bypass surgery. The aim of this study was to assess acute angiographic results and six-month clinical outcome after implantation of the Tryton stent in the LM. Methods and results: We studied 52 consecutive patients with LM disease treated in nine European centres. Angiographic and clinical data analysis was performed centrally. Fifty-one of 52 patients (age 68±11 yrs, 75% male, 42% unstable angina, SYNTAX score 20±8) were successfully treated with the Tryton stent. Medina class was 1,1,1 in 33 (63%), 1,0,1 in 7 (13%), 1,1,0 in 3 (6%), 0,1,1 in 8 (4%) and 0,0,1 in 1 (2%). The Tryton stent on a stepped balloon (diameter 3.5-2.5 mm) was used in 41/51 (80%) of cases. The mean main vessel stent diameter was 3.4±0.4 mm with an everolimus-eluting stent employed in 30/51 (59%) of cases. Final kissing balloon dilatation was performed in 48/51 (94%). Acute gain was 1.52±0.86 mm in the LM and 0.92±0.47 mm in the SB. The angiographic success rate was 100%; the procedural success rate reached 94%. Periprocedural MI occurred in three patients. At six-month follow-up, the TLR rate was 12%, MI 10% and cardiac death 2%. The hierarchical MACE rate at six months was 22%. No cases of definite stent thrombosis occurred. Conclusions: The use of the Tryton stent for treatment of LM bifurcation disease in combination with a conventional drug-eluting stent is feasible and achieves an optimal angiographic result. Safety of the procedure and six-month outcome are acceptable in this high-risk lesion PCI. Further safety and efficacy studies with long-term outcome assessment of this strategy are warranted. Source

Rini B.,Cleveland Clinic | Szczylik C.,Military Institute of Medicine | Tannir N.M.,University of Houston | Koralewski P.,Szpital Specjalistyczny Ludwika Rydygiera | And 12 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the tolerability and antitumor activity of AMG 386, a peptibody (a peptide Fc fusion) that neutralizes the interaction of angiopoietin-1 and angiopoietin-2 with Tie2 (tyrosine kinase with immunoglobulin-like and EGF-like domains 2), plus sorafenib in patients with clear cell metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) in a randomized controlled study. METHODS: Previously untreated patients with mRCC were randomized 1:1:1 to receive sorafenib 400 mg orally twice daily plus intravenous AMG 386 at 10 mg/kg (arm A) or 3 mg/kg (arm B) or placebo (arm C) once weekly (qw). Patients in arm C could receive open-label AMG 386 at 10 mg/kg qw plus sorafenib following disease progression. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: A total of 152 patients were randomized. Median PFS was 9.0, 8.5, and 9.0 months in arms A, B, and C, respectively (hazard ratio for arms A and B vs arm C, 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.60-1.30; P =.523). The objective response rate (95% CI) for arms A, B, and C, respectively, was 38% (25%-53%), 37% (24%-52%), and 25% (14%-40%). Among 30 patients in arm C who had disease progression and subsequently received open-label AMG 386 at 10 mg/kg qw, the objective response rate was 3% (95% CI, 0%-17%). Frequently occurring adverse events (AEs) included diarrhea (arms A/B/C, 70%/67%/56%), palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome (52%/47%/54%), alopecia (50%/45%/50%), and hypertension (42%/49%/46%). Fifteen patients had grade 4 AEs (arms A/B/C, n = 3/7/5); 4 had fatal AEs (n = 2/1/1), with 1 (abdominal pain, arm B) considered possibly related to AMG 386. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with mRCC, AMG 386 plus sorafenib was tolerable but did not significantly improve PFS compared with placebo plus sorafenib. © 2012 American Cancer Society. Source

Baraniak A.,Polish National Medicines Institute | Izdebski R.,Polish National Medicines Institute | Fiett J.,Polish National Medicines Institute | Gawryszewska I.,Polish National Medicines Institute | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy | Year: 2016

Objectives: The objective of this study was to characterize New Delhi metallo-b-lactamase (NDM)-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates reported in Poland in 2012-14. Methods: Representative isolates were typed by PFGE and MLST. NDM and other b-lactamase geneswere amplified and sequenced. Plasmids with blaNDM genes were analysed by nuclease S1 plus hybridization profiling, by transfer assays and by PCR-based replicon typing. The blaNDM genetic context was studied by PCR mapping assays. Results: Of 374 cases of infection/colonization with NDM-positive Enterobacteriaceae identified in 2012-14, 370 cases in 40 hospitals, 10 outpatient clinics and 1 nursing home were associated with a Klebsiella pneumoniae outbreak with epicentres in Poznań and Warsaw. The outbreak strain of K. pneumoniae ST11 was similar to an isolate from the Czech Republic from 2013. Like the Czech strain, many of the isolates had two blaNDM-1-carrying IncFII- and IncR-type plasmids of variable size, sharing a blaNDM-1-containing segment. The early isolates also produced CTX-M-15 co-encoded by the IncR-type plasmids, and differentiated later by extensive plasmid rearrangements. Four other NDM cases were reported in 2013, three being associated with arrivals from Montenegro, India or Afghanistan. The Indian Escherichia coli ST448 NDM-5 isolate revealed similarity to a recent isolate from Spain, including the blaNDM genetic context observed previously in E. coli strains in Poland and France (of Congolese and Indian origins, respectively). The Afghani Proteus mirabilis was the second isolate of this species with a chromosomal blaNDM-1 location. Conclusions: The largest NDM outbreak in a non-endemic country has been observed, being an alarming phenomenon in resistance epidemiology in Poland. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. Source

Walczak M.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | Urbanowicz T.K.,University Hospital of Lords Transfiguration | Tomczyk J.,University Hospital of Lords Transfiguration | Camacho E.,University Hospital of Lords Transfiguration | And 3 more authors.
Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska | Year: 2014

Introduction: There has been a growing interest in off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting in recent years. Beating- heart surgery is believed to be less invasive as it allows the side effects of extracorporeal circulation to be avoided. The aim of the study was to compare blood product transfusion rates between two groups of patients undergoing surgery for ischemic heart disease with either the off-pump technique or using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Material and methods: There were 152 patients enrolled in the prospective randomized study. All procedures were elective. There were 84 patients (62 men and 20 women) at the mean age of 63.74 ± 7 years who underwent OPCAB (group I), and 68 patients (54 men and 14 women) at the mean age of 63.51 ± 6 years who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (group II). Results: There were no perioperative deaths. The mean number of grafts was 2.27 ± 0.3 (OPCAB group) and 2.63 ± 0.6 (CPB group) (p < 0.05). The mean number of packed red blood cells transfused in the OPCAB group was 2.31 ± 0.18 units/patient and 3.94 ± 0.30 units/patient in the CPB group (p < 0.05). The mean number of fresh frozen plasma units transfused was 1.13 ± 0.13 in the OPCAB group vs. 1.57 ± 0.15 in the CPB group (p < 0.05). There were 12 patients (14%) in the OPCAB group who had no transfusion. Conclusions: One of the most important advantages of the OPCAB technique is that it makes it possible to reduce the rate of blood product transfusions. Source

Markowska A.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | Kasprzak B.,University Hospital of Lords Transfiguration | Jaszczynska-Nowinka K.,University Hospital of Lords Transfiguration | Lubin J.,University Hospital of Lords Transfiguration | Markowska J.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences
Wspolczesna Onkologia | Year: 2015

Worldwide research groups are searching for anticancer compounds, many of them are organometalic complexes having platinum group metals as their active centers. Most commonly used cytostatics from this group are cisplatin, carboplatin and oxaliplatin. Cisplatin was used fot the first time in 1978, from this time many platinum derivatives were created. In this review we present biological properties and probable future clinical use of platinum, gold, silver, iridium and ruthenium derivatives. Gold derivative Auranofin has been studied extensively. Action of silver nanoparticles on different cell lines was analysed. Iridium isotopes are commonly used in brachyterapy. Ruthenium compound new anti-tumour metastasis inhibitor (NAMI-A) is used in managing lung cancer metastases. Electroporation of another ruthenium based compound KP1339 was also studied. Most of described complexes have antiproliferative and proapoptotic properties. Further studies need to be made. Nevertheless noble metal based chemotherapheutics and compounds seem to be an interesting direction of research. Source

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