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Makris D.,University Hospital of Larissa Biopolis | Makris D.,University of Thessaly | Boultadakis V.,University Hospital of Larissa Biopolis | Skouras V.,Sismanoglio General Hospital of Attica | And 6 more authors.
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2011

Study objectives. To assess serum amyloid alpha (SAA) pleural fluid levels in parapneumonic effusion (PPE) and to investigate SAA diagnostic performance in PPE diagnosis and outcome. Methods. We studied prospectively 57 consecutive patients with PPE (empyema (EMP), complicated (CPE), and uncomplicated parapneumonic effusion (UPE)). SAA, CRP, TNF-, IL-1, and IL-6 levels were evaluated in serum and pleural fluid at baseline. Patients were followed for 6-months to detect pleural thickening/loculations. Results. Pleural SAA levels (mg/dL) median(IQR) were significantly higher in CPE compared to UPE (P < 0.04); CRP levels were higher in EMP and CPE compared to UPE (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference between IL-1, IL-6, TNF- level in different PPE forms. No significant association between SAA levels and 6-month outcome was found. At 6-months, patients with no evidence of loculations/thickening had significantly higher pleural fluid pH, glucose levels (P = 0.03), lower LDH (P = 0.005), IL-1 levels (P = 0.001) compared to patients who presented pleural loculations/thickening. Conclusions. SAA is increased in complicated PPE, and it might be useful as a biomarker for UPE and CPE diagnosis. SAA levels did not demonstrate considerable diagnostic performance in identifying patients who develop pleural thickening/loculations after a PPE. © 2011 Vagelis Boultadakis et al.

Sarakatsianou C.,University Hospital of Larissa | Theodorou E.,University Hospital of Larissa | Georgopoulou S.,University Hospital of Larissa | Stamatiou G.,University Hospital of Larissa | Tzovaras G.,University Hospital of Larissa Biopolis
Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques | Year: 2013

Background: Postoperative pain is the dominant complaint and the most common cause of delayed discharge after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential of preoperative administration of pregabalin to reduce postoperative pain and opioid consumption. Methods: Fifty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I and II adult patients with symptomatic gallstone disease scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized into two groups: group I patients (n = 25) were given 600 mg pregabalin per os divided in two doses, the night before surgery and 1 h preoperatively, respectively, while group II patients (n = 25) received a matching to pregabalin placebo at the same scheme. Postoperative pain, morphine consumption, and complications were compared between the two groups. Results: Postoperative pain (static and dynamic assessment) was significantly less at 0, 1, 8, 16, and 24 h (p < 0.001) after the procedure for group I (pregabalin) compared with the placebo group. Postoperative patient-controlled morphine consumption during hospital stay was also significantly less in the pregabalin group compared with the placebo group. Side-effects were similar in both groups expect for dizziness, which was significantly higher (p < 0.0001) in the pregabalin group. Conclusions: Administration of 600 mg pregabalin per os, divided in two preoperative doses, significantly reduces postoperative pain as well as opioid consumption in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, at the cost of increased incidence of dizziness. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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