Alexandroúpoli, Greece
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Iordanidou M.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Loukides S.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Paraskakis E.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis
Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2017

Introduction: Asthma is the most common inflammatory disease in childhood. The interaction of genetic, environmental and host factors may contribute to the development of childhood asthma and defines its progress, including persistence and severity. Until now, various classifications of childhood asthma phenotypes have been suggested based on patient’s age during onset of symptoms, type of inflammatory cells, response to treatment and disease severity. Many efforts have been carried out to identify childhood asthma phenotypes and to clarify which are the risk factors that define asthma prediction and the response to therapy. The identification of asthma phenotypes has not only prognostic but also therapeutic role. However, the classification of asthma phenotypes is complex due to the heterogeneity of the disease. Areas covered: The current childhood asthma phenotypes and the new therapeutic strategies for each phenotype are reviewed. Expert commentary: There are multiple phenotypes in childhood asthma and it is crucial to define them before the initiation of personalized treatment. Both the therapeutic strategy and monitoring should follow the recent guidelines. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


Zarogoulidis P.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Papanas N.,Democritus University of Thrace | Kioumis I.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Chatzaki E.,Democritus University of Thrace | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2012

Background: Macrolides have long been recognised to exert immunomodulary and anti-inflammatory actions. They are able to suppress the "cytokine storm" of inflammation and to confer an additional clinical benefit through their immunomodulatory properties. Methods: A search of electronic journal articles was performed using combinations of the following keywords: macrolides, COPD, asthma, bronchitis, bronchiolitis obliterans, cystic fibrosis, immunomodulation, anti-inflammatory effect, diabetes, side effects and systemic diseases. Results: Macrolide effects are time- and dose-dependent, and the mechanisms underlying these effects remain incompletely understood. Both in vitro and in vivo studies have provided ample evidence of their immunomodulary and anti-inflammatory actions. Importantly, this class of antibiotics is efficacious with respect to controlling exacerbations of underlying respiratory problems, such as cystic fibrosis, asthma, bronchiectasis, panbrochiolitis and cryptogenic organising pneumonia. Macrolides have also been reported to reduce airway hyper-responsiveness and improve pulmonary function. Conclusion: This review provides an overview on the properties of macrolides (erythromycin, clarithromycin, roxithromycin, azithromycin), their efficacy in various respiratory diseases and their adverse effects. © Springer-Verlag 2011.


Georgakarakos E.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Xenakis A.,National Technical University of Athens | Georgiadis G.S.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Argyriou C.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery | Year: 2014

Objective The hemodynamic consequences of misaligned stent-grafts (SG) in fenestrated endografts (EG) have not been adequately studied. Our aim was to study the hemodynamic effects of positional variations of SG, investigating the potential influence on the total displacement forces acting on the EG and the shear stress values at the stented segments. Methods This was a computational study. An idealized EG model with two renal fenestrations was computationally reconstructed and centrally extended up to the suprarenal level to treat a suprarenal aneurysm. The misalignment of SG was represented by a variable take-off angle between the SG and the EG centerline axis, corresponding to angles of 90, 176, 142, 38, and 4, respectively. Accordingly, the maximum EG displacement forces and the shear stress within the stented segments were calculated, using commercially available software. Results The variable positions of the SG caused no effect on the maximum displacement force acting on the EG, being quite steady and equal to 5.55 N. On the contrary, the values of maximum shear stress acting on the stented segments were influenced by their orientation. The narrow transition zone between the distal end of the mating stent and the target artery showed higher stresses than any other segment. The right-angle take off SG position (90) was associated with the lowest stresses (12.5 Pa), whereas the highest values were detected at 38 and 142 (16.5 and 16.1 Pa, respectively). The vessel segments distal to the SG exhibited constantly lower stress values (1.9-2.2 Pa) than any other segment. Conclusion We detected differences in the values of shear stress exerted on the stented arteries, depending on different positions that SG can adapt after the deployment of fenestrated EG. The pathophysiologic implication of our findings and their potential association with clinical events deserve further investigation and clinical validation. © 2013 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Labiris G.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Giarmoukakis A.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Sideroudi H.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Bougatsou P.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery | Year: 2012

Purpose: To determine the variability in Scheimpflug image-derived posterior elevation measurements in eyes with keratoconus or corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL). Setting: Eye Institute of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece. Design: Prospective observational study. Methods: Two operators in 2 sessions obtained posterior elevation measurements using the Pentacam Scheimpflug system. Variability in measurements was assessed using Bland-Altman analysis and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). Measurements were associated with a series of Scheimpflug-derived keratoconus indices using the Pearson correlation and multivariate linear-regression analysis. Results: Mean interobserver differences for the central elevation point (e1) and the highest elevation point (HEP) in the keratoconus group were -0.9 μm (95% limits of agreement [LoA], 5.7 to -7.5 μm) and 1.7 μm (95% LoA, 26 to -22.6 μm), respectively. In the CXL group, the mean differences were 0.2 μm (95% LoA, 6.0 to -5.5 μm) and -6.1 μm (95% LoA, 16.8 to -29 μm), respectively. The ICC values in the keratoconus group were satisfactory for most elevation points; the ICC values were unsatisfactory for a series of points in the lower corneal hemisphere. The ICC values for points in both hemispheres were unsatisfactory in the CXL group; HEP had adequate reproducibility. The e1 and HEP parameters correlated significantly with most Scheimpflug-derived indices (P<.05) in the keratoconus group but not in the CXL group. Regression analysis indicated that the central keratoconus index was the primary determinant of the variability in keratoconus eyes. Conclusions: Scheimpflug-derived posterior elevation measurements had acceptable reproducibility in keratoconus eyes and post-CXL eyes. Less consistent measurements were obtained in the lower hemisphere. Financial Disclosure: No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. © 2012 2012 ASCRS and ESCRS.


Froudarakis M.E.,Democritus University of Thrace | Froudarakis M.E.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis
Respiration | Year: 2011

Thoracoscopy is currently the gold standard for the diagnosis and treatment of pleural diseases. Its diagnostic yield is 95% in patients with malignant pleural disease, with approximately 90% successful pleurodesis for malignant pleural effusion and 95% for pneumothorax. At the same time, thoracoscopy constitutes an important tool in the research of pleural pathophysiology and molecular biology. The improvement of technology has provided important tools to thoracoscopy, such as autofluorescence, narrow band imaging, and infrared light, used in clinical and basic research in many disorders involving the pleura. For these reasons, training in thoracoscopy should be considered equally important as training in bronchoscopy for residents in respiratory medicine. © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Sertaridou E.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Papaioannou V.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Kolios G.,Democritus University of Thrace | Pneumatikos I.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis
Annals of Gastroenterology | Year: 2015

The concept of bacterial translocation and gut-origin sepsis as causes of systemic infectious complications and multiple organ deficiency syndrome in surgical and critically ill patients has been a recurring issue over the last decades attracting the scientific interest. Although gastrointestinal dysfunction seemingly arises frequently in intensive care unit patients, it is usually underdiagnosed or underestimated, because the pathophysiology involved is incompletely understood and its exact clinical relevance still remains controversial with an unknown yet probably adverse impact on the patients’ outcome. The purpose of this review is to define gut-origin sepsis and related terms, to describe the mechanisms leading to gutderived complications, and to illustrate the therapeutic options to prevent or limit these untoward processes. © 2015 Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology.


Labiris G.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Labiris G.,Eye Institute of Thrace | Giarmoukakis A.,Eye Institute of Thrace | Patsiamanidi M.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery | Year: 2015

Purpose To compare the effect of monovision correction and multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation on patient satisfaction, spectacle dependence, visual acuity, and dysphotopsia in cataract patients. Setting University Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece. Design Prospective randomized trial. Methods Patients with a diagnosis of senile cataract with stage 2 nuclear opalescence were randomly assigned to 2 groups: monovision and multifocal IOL implantation. Uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuity, Visual Function Index-14 (VF-14) scores, and spectacle dependence were assessed prior to surgery and 6 months postoperatively. Results The monovision group comprised 38 patients and the multifocal IOL implantation group, 37 patients. Both techniques provided excellent refractive outcomes in UDVA and VF-14 scores (all P <.01). No significant intergroup differences were detected in VF-14 scores at the final postoperative examination. The monovision group patients presented significantly more spectacle dependence for near vision but less glare. Conclusions Monovision and multifocal IOL implantation provided excellent refractive outcomes for distance vision. Multifocal IOL insertion was associated with less dependence on glasses overall but significantly more dysphotopsia. Financial Disclosure No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. © 2015 ASCRS and ESCRS.


Bantis A.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Grammaticos P.,51 Hermou Str.
Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine | Year: 2012

Prostate cancer (PC) is currently the most frequently diagnosed cancer in males and constitutes a major health issue in developed countries. On the other hand, the majority of PC cases are considered clinically not significant and certainly not lethal. These discrepancies highlight the need for the early detection of especially those cases that have aggressive features and call for early and radical intervention. The clinical use of prostatic specific antigen (PSA) towards this end is recognized as inadequate since PSA is prostate specific, but not a PC specific marker, as it is known to increase in other prostate diseases such as benign hyperplasia, inflammations, transrectal ultrasound examination, biopsy and after transurethral prostatectomy. However due to lack of other more specific markers, digital rectal examination combined with serum PSA are suggested for PC screening and diagnosis. With regard to advanced disease where bone involvement is the rule, nuclear medicine bone scan using radioactive bisphosphonates such as technetium-99m methylene-diphosphonate is quite common and reliable technique for detecting and monitoring bone metastases. The major advantage of nuclear scintigraphy is its ability to reveal bone metastases significantly earlier than the conventional X-rays imaging techniques. PSA density, velocity, doubling time and free to total PSA ratio increase the significance of serum PSA in diagnosing PC. The combination of an increased PSA (>20ng/mL) and a high biopsy Gleason score (>8) enhances the possibility of bone metastases (P<0001) and mandates a bone scan. In conclusion, serum PSA testing is currently recommended in symptomatic PC patients, for disease staging and treatment monitoring and in asymptomatic selected population groups aged more than 50 years. It is reasonable to suggest that PSA density, velocity, doubling time and free to total PSA ratio or combining PSA with Gleason score shall greatly increase PSA specificity in detecting PC cases. Radioisotopic bone scan by SPET or PET can demonstrate osseous metastases at later stages of PC, but should also be applied in cases falsely considered as an early stage of PC, for better staging and for periodic follow-up of the disease.


Labiris G.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Labiris G.,Eye Institute of Thrace | Giarmoukakis A.,Eye Institute of Thrace | Sideroudi H.,Eye Institute of Thrace | And 4 more authors.
Cornea | Year: 2012

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of stage 1 keratoconus (KC) and of the 2 prevalent KC therapeutic options: (1) corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) and (2) CXL combined with topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy (t-PRK) on self-reported quality of life (QOL) by means of the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ 25). METHODS: Thirty-two patients with bilateral KC stage 1 (KC group) and best-corrected visual acuity of 20/20 in both eyes were prospectively recruited. Of them, 19 KC patients underwent typical CXL treatment (CXL group), whereas 13 underwent CXL combined with t-PRK treatment (tCXL group). Only the eye with the most advanced condition received the treatment. Subjects responded to the NEI-VFQ 25 1 day before the treatment and 1 year postoperatively. Thirty-nine age-matched contact lens users formed the control group. NEI-VFQ 25 subscale and total scores were associated with spherical equivalent, mean keratometry, and a series of Scheimpflug imaging-derived corneal variance indexes by means of the Spearman correlation coefficient and multivariate linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Preoperatively, significant differences were detected between the KC group and the control group in VFQ 25 total and all subscale scores (P < 0.05), except "general health," "color vision," and "peripheral vision" domains. According to the multivariate linear regression analysis, the index of height decentration was the most significant predictor of VFQ 25 total score (b = 0.943; P = 0.016). Postoperatively, significant differences were detected in "mental health" and "dependency" VFQ 25 domains for both the CXL and tCXL groups (P = 0.05). Furthermore, the tCXL group demonstrated significant differences in the "near activities" (P = 0.04), "role limitations" (P = 0.02), and "driving" (P < 0.01) subscale scores. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that KC exerts a significant impact on KC patients' QOL, even in its early stages with normal best-spectacle-corrected visual acuity. Moreover, both CXL and CXL combined with t-PRK seem to exert a beneficial impact on self-reported QOL, suggesting that they should be applied as soon as possible. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Labiris G.,Saarland University | Labiris G.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Giarmoukakis A.,University Hospital of Alexandroupolis | Gatzioufas Z.,Saarland University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery | Year: 2014

Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic capacity of the Ocular Response Analyzer's keratoconus match index (KMI) and keratoconus match probability (KMP) classification in keratoconus-suspect eyes. Setting Department of Ophthalmology, University Clinics Saarland, Homburg, Germany. Design Comparative case series. Methods The KMI and KMP parameters in keratoconus-suspect eyes and normal eyes (control group) were compared. The quantitative keratoconus percentage index was calculated for all suspect eyes. According to the thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), keratoconus-suspect eyes were divided into 2 subgroups: subgroup 1 (TCT <520 μm) and subgroup 2 (TCT >520 μm). The KMI's overall predictive accuracy was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The relationship between KMI and a series of Scheimpflug-derived keratoconus-related indices was evaluated using Spearman analysis. Results The mean KMI was 0.41 ± 0.29 (SD) in the keratoconus-suspect group (50 eyes) and 0.94 ± 0.29 in the control group (50 eyes) (P<.001). Nonsignificant KMI differences were detected between the keratoconus-suspect subgroups (subgroup 1, 27 eyes; subgroup 2, 23 eyes) (P=.059). Nonsignificant correlations were found between Scheimpflug indices and the KMI. The KMP identified 27.65% of control eyes as keratoconus suspect and 10.71%, 28.57%, and 3.57% of keratoconus-suspect eyes as being normal, having mild keratoconus, or having moderate keratoconus, respectively. The ROC analysis for the KMI indicated a predictive accuracy of 94% (cutoff point 0.72). Conclusions The KMI seems to be a valuable index in the early diagnosis of keratoconus-suspect eyes. The KMP identified a significant percentage of topographically defined keratoconus-suspect eyes as normal or keratoconic. Financial Disclosure No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. © 2014 ASCRS and ESCRS.

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