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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Flammang D.,University of Ruse | Church T.R.,University of Minnesota | De Roy L.,Leuven University Hospital | Blanc J.-J.,Brest University Hospital Center | And 6 more authors.
Circulation | Year: 2012

Background-: The origin of 40% of syncope cases remains unknown even after a complete diagnostic workup. Previous studies have suggested that ATP testing has value in selecting successful therapy. This patient-blinded, multicenter, randomized superiority trial tested whether, in patients with syncope of unknown origin, selecting cardiac pacing in those with a positive ATP test leads to fewer recurrences than those who do not receive pacing. Methods and Results-: From 2000 to 2005, 80 consenting patients (mean age, 75.9±7.7 years; 81% women; 56% without diagnosed structural heart disease) with syncope of unknown origin and atrioventricular or sinoatrial block lasting >10 seconds (average, 17.9±6.8 seconds) under ATP administration (20-mg IV bolus) were recruited from 10 hospitals, implanted with programmable pacemakers, and randomized to either active pacing (dual-chamber pacing at 70 bpm) or backup pacing (atrial pacing at 30 bpm). Patients were followed up regularly for up to 5 years for any syncope recurrence, the primary outcome. Mean follow-up was 16 months. Syncope recurred in 8 of 39 patients (21%) randomized to active pacing and in 27 of 41 (66%) randomized to backup pacing (control), yielding a hazard ratio of 0.25 (95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.56). After recurrence, the 27 recurrent control patients were reprogrammed to active pacing, and only 1 reported subsequent syncope. Conclusion-: This study suggests that, in elderly patients with syncope of unknown origin and positive ATP tests, active dual-chamber pacing reduces syncope recurrence risk by 75% (95% confidence interval, 44-88). Clinical Trial Registration-: URL: http://www.controlled- trials.com/ISRCTN00029383. Unique identifier: ISRCTN00029383. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

Zuckermann A.,Medical University of Vienna | Wang S.-S.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Barten M.J.,University of Leipzig | Sigurdardottir V.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Transplantation Reviews | Year: 2013

The efficacy of everolimus with reduced cyclosporine in de novo heart transplant patients has been demonstrated convincingly in randomized studies. Moreover, everolimus-based immunosuppression in de novo heart transplant recipients has been shown in two randomized trials to reduce the increase in maximal intimal thickness based on intravascular ultrasound, indicating attenuation of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Randomized trials of everolimus in de novo heart transplantation have also consistently shown reduced cytomegalovirus infection versus antimetabolite therapy. In maintenance heart transplantation, conversion from calcineurin inhibitors to everolimus has demonstrated a sustained improvement in renal function. In de novo patients, a renal benefit may only be achieved if there is an adequate reduction in exposure to calcineurin inhibitor therapy. Delayed introduction of everolimus may be appropriate in patients at high risk of wound healing complications, e.g. diabetic patients or patients with ventricular assist device. The current evidence base suggests that the most convincing reasons for use of everolimus from the time of heart transplantation are to slow the progression of CAV and to lower the risk of cytomegalovirus infection. A regimen of everolimus with reduced-exposure calcineurin inhibitor and steroids in de novo heart transplant patients represents a welcome addition to the therapeutic armamentarium. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Bigot P.,Cancerology Committee of the French Association of Urology CCAFU | Bigot P.,University of Angers | Fardoun T.,Pontchaillou University Hospital | Bernhard J.C.,Cancerology Committee of the French Association of Urology CCAFU | And 27 more authors.
World Journal of Urology | Year: 2014

Objective: To assess the effect of neoadjuvant targeted molecular therapies (TMTs) on size and level of inferior vena cava tumor thrombi and to evaluate their impact on surgical management. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 14 patients treated for a clear cell renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava thrombi by neoadjuvant TMT before nephrectomy. Clinical, pathological and perioperative data were gathered retrospectively at each institution. The primitive tumor size and the thrombus size were defined by computed tomography before TMT. The tumor thrombus level was defined according to the Novick's classification. Results: Before TMT, thrombus level was staged I for 1 (7 %), II for 10 (72 %) and III (21 %) for 3 patients. First-line therapy was sunitinib in 11 cases and sorafenib in 3 cases. Median therapy duration was two cycles (1-5). Three patients experienced major adverse effects (grade III) during TMT. Following TMT, 6 (43 %) patients had a measurable decrease, 6 (43 %) had no change, and 2 (14 %) had an increase in the thrombus. One patient (7 %) had a downstage of thrombus level, 12 (85 %) had stable thrombi, and 1 (7 %) had an upstage. Regarding primary tumor, 7 (50 %), 5 (36 %) and 2 (14 %) patients had a decrease, stabilization and an increase in tumor size, respectively. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant TMT appears to have limited effects on renal tumor thrombi. This retrospective study failed to demonstrate a significant impact of neoadjuvant TMT on surgical management of clear cell renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombi. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Chevreul K.,URC Eco Ile de France AP HP | Chevreul K.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Chevreul K.,University Paris Diderot | Haour G.,URC Eco Ile de France AP HP | And 13 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Objectives: To estimate annual direct costs of early RA by resource component in an inception cohort, with reference to four distinct treatment strategies: no disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), synthetic DMARDs only, biologic DMARDs in the first year ('first-year biologic', FYB), and biologic DMARDs from the second year after inclusion ('later-year biologic', LYB); to determine predictors of total and non-DMARD related costs. Methods: The ESPOIR cohort is a French multicentric, prospective study of 813 patients with early arthritis. Data assessing RA-related resource utilisation and disease characteristics were collected at baseline, biannually during the first two years and annually thereafter. Costs predictors were determined by generalised linear mixed analyses. Results: Over the 4-year follow-up, mean annual direct total costs per treatment strategy group were €3,612 for all patients and €998, €1,922, €14,791, €8,477 respectively for no DMARDs, synthetic DMARDs only, FYB and LYB users. The main predictors of higher costs were biologic use and higher Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores at baseline. Being a biologic user led to a higher total cost (FYB Rate Ratio (RR) 7.22, [95% CI 5.59-9.31]; LYB RR 4.39, [95% CI 3.58-5.39]) compared to non-biologic users. Only LYB increased non-DMARD related costs compared to all other patients by 60%. Conclusions: FYB users incurred the highest levels of total costs, while their non-DMARD related costs remained similar to non-biologic users, possibly reflecting better RA control. © 2014 Chevreul et al. Source

Champigneulle B.,Cochin University Hospital | Champigneulle B.,University of Paris Descartes | Merceron S.,ICU | Lemiale V.,Saint Louis University Hospital | And 13 more authors.
Resuscitation | Year: 2015

Aim: Low survival rate was previously described after cardiac arrest in cancer patients and may challenge the appropriateness of intensive care unit (ICU) admission after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Objectives of this study were to report outcome and characteristics of cancer patients admitted to the ICU after cardiac arrest. Methods: A retrospective chart review in seven medical ICUs in France, in 2002-2012. We studied consecutive patients with malignancies admitted after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) or in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). Results: Of 133 included patients of whom 61% had solid tumors, 48 (36%) experienced OHCA and 85 (64%) IHCA. Cardiac arrest was related to the malignancy or its treatment in 47% of patients. Therapeutic hypothermia was used in 51 (41%) patients. The ICU mortality rate was 98/133 (74%). Main causes of ICU death were refractory shock or multiple organ failure (. n=. 64, 48%) and neurological injury (. n=. 27, 20%); 42 (32%) patients died in ICU after treatment-limitation decisions. Twenty-four (18%) patients were discharged alive from the hospital. Overall 6-month survival rate was 14% (18/133, 95% confidence interval, 8-21%). Survival rates at ICU discharge and after 6 months did not differ significantly across type of malignancy or between the OHCA and IHCA groups, and neither were they significantly different from those in matched controls who had cardiac arrest but no malignancy. Conclusions: Even if low, the 6-month survival rate of 14% observed in cancer patients admitted to the ICU after cardiac arrest and ROSC may support the admission of these patients to the ICU and may warrant an initial full-code ICU management. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

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