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Boschmann M.,University Hospital Charite Campus Buch | Engeli S.,Hannover Medical School | Moro C.,Louisiana State University | Luedtke A.,Columbia University | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2010

Context: Type 2 familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD) is an autosomal-dominant lamin A/C-related disease associated with exercise intolerance, muscular pain, and insulin resistance. The symptoms mayall be explained by defective metabolism; however, metabolism at the tissue level has not been investigated. Objective: Wehypothesized that in FPLD, insulin resistance and impaired aerobic exercise capacity are explained by a common underlying mechanism, presumably a muscular metabolic defect. Patients and Methods: Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism was studied on 10 FPLD patients, one patient with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD1B, a different lamin A/C disease), and 10 healthy control subjects before and during an oral glucose tolerance test by indirect calorimetry and im microdialysis. Muscle biopsies were taken for in vitro studies. Results: We observed marked increased skeletal muscle fatty acid β-oxidation rate in vitro and in vivo, even after glucose ingestion in FPLD patients. However, fatty acid oxidation was largely incomplete and accompanied by increased ketogenesis. The lipid oxidation abnormality was associated with impaired glucose disposition through reduction in glucose oxidation, rather than decreased cellular glucose uptake. A microarray showed down-regulation of complex I respiratory chain, glycolysis, and nuclear transport genes. Although not overtly insulin resistant, the LGMD1B patient showed similar metabolic derangements as the FPLD patients. Conclusions: Our study suggests imbalance between lipid oxidation and oxidative glucose metabolism in FPLD and LGMD1B patients. The observation suggests an intrinsic defect in skeletal muscle metabolism due to lamin A/C dysfunction. The metabolic FPLD phenotype likely results from this intrinsic defect combined with lipodystrophic "lipid pressure" due to decreased adipose tissue lipid storage capacity. Copyright © 2010 by The Endocrine Society.

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