Dresden University Heart Center

Dresden, Germany

Dresden University Heart Center

Dresden, Germany

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Huo Y.,Dresden University Heart Center | Schoenbauer R.,University of Leipzig | Richter S.,University of Leipzig | Rolf S.,University of Leipzig | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology | Year: 2014

Surgical Ablation Related Reentrant Tachycardia Background Intraoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation during cardiac surgery is a well-established treatment. However, tachycardia mechanisms, ablation strategies, and long-term follow-up of atrial arrhythmias (AA) following intraoperative AF ablation (AFA) have not been previously studied in a large cohort of patients. Objective Eighty-two patients (48 male, median age of 65 years) with symptomatic recurrence of AA following intraoperative AFA underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation. Methods Regular atrial tachycardias (AT) were mapped using 3-dimensional (3D) color-coded entrainment/activation mapping and eliminated by linear ablation. Pulmonary vein (PV)-isolation (PVI) was achieved in patients with left atrium-PV (LAPV) conduction after AT elimination. Results In 85 (83%) out of a total of 103 regular ATs, the entire reentrant circuits were localized perimitrally (n = 27), around PVs (left PV [LPV] or right PV [RPV]; n = 9), around left atrial appendage (LAA; n = 1), on left-sided atrial septum (n = 8), on atrioventricular nodal area (n = 1), on the posterior wall of LA (n = 1), along roof-septum-inferoposterior wall (n = 8), at coronary sinus ostium (n = 2), upper loop in RA (n = 1), and as cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent reentrant ATs (n = 27). Sixty-five (79%) patients received PVI. Noninducibility of any AT was reached at the end of all procedures. During a median follow-up time of 18 months, 69 patients (87%) were free of AA. Conclusion Reentrant AT appears in the majority of patients with recurrence of AA following intraoperative AFA. Detailed 3D color-coded entrainment mapping was successfully obtained in the majority of patients suffering from reentrant AT after intraoperative AFA, facilitated the accurate identification of the entire reentrant circuit and selection of optimal ablation lines. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Kosiuk J.,Heart Center Leipzig | Kornej J.,Heart Center Leipzig | Bollmann A.,Heart Center Leipzig | Piorkowski C.,Dresden University Heart Center | And 9 more authors.
Heart rhythm : the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Thromboembolic complications remain one of the most severe adverse events associated with catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF), but data on such events are limited.OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and risk factors of thromboembolic complications after AF ablation.METHODS: Cerebral thromboembolic complications occurring within 1 month of 3360 consecutive AF radiofrequency catheter ablations were assessed. Stroke was defined as a neurologic deficit lasting more than 24 hours or with imaging study showing new infarction. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) was defined as a deficit lasting less than 24 hours and without documented infarction.RESULTS: There were 17 peri-interventional cerebral thromboembolic events (0.5%). Nine cases (53%) were diagnosed as strokes and 8 (47%) as TIAs. Sixty percent of the events occurred within 48 hours after the ablation; the rest occurred within 1 week. In univariate analysis, peri-interventional thromboembolism was associated with peripheral vascular disease (P = .010), impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (P = .040), periprocedural bridging with heparin (P = .007), and previous stroke (P = .026). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that peripheral vascular disease (odds ratio [OR] 8.81, confidence interval [CI] 1.61-48.31, P = .012) and previous stroke (OR 6.13, CI 1.18-31.91, P = .031) were independent predictors. In a different model, the CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with thromboembolism (OR 1.35, CI 1.00-1.80, P = .049).CONCLUSION: Cerebral thromboembolic complications after AF radiofrequency catheter ablation are rare. They mostly occur within 48 hours after the procedure and remain without lasting neurologic deficits in the majority of cases. Such complications are associated with peripheral vascular disease, previous stroke, and the CHA2DS2-VASc score. Copyright © 2014 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Silesian Center for Heart Diseases, University of Birmingham, Dresden University Heart Center and Heart Center Leipzig
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Heart rhythm | Year: 2014

Thromboembolic complications remain one of the most severe adverse events associated with catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF), but data on such events are limited.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and risk factors of thromboembolic complications after AF ablation.Cerebral thromboembolic complications occurring within 1 month of 3360 consecutive AF radiofrequency catheter ablations were assessed. Stroke was defined as a neurologic deficit lasting more than 24 hours or with imaging study showing new infarction. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) was defined as a deficit lasting less than 24 hours and without documented infarction.There were 17 peri-interventional cerebral thromboembolic events (0.5%). Nine cases (53%) were diagnosed as strokes and 8 (47%) as TIAs. Sixty percent of the events occurred within 48 hours after the ablation; the rest occurred within 1 week. In univariate analysis, peri-interventional thromboembolism was associated with peripheral vascular disease (P = .010), impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (P = .040), periprocedural bridging with heparin (P = .007), and previous stroke (P = .026). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that peripheral vascular disease (odds ratio [OR] 8.81, confidence interval [CI] 1.61-48.31, P = .012) and previous stroke (OR 6.13, CI 1.18-31.91, P = .031) were independent predictors. In a different model, the CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with thromboembolism (OR 1.35, CI 1.00-1.80, P = .049).Cerebral thromboembolic complications after AF radiofrequency catheter ablation are rare. They mostly occur within 48 hours after the procedure and remain without lasting neurologic deficits in the majority of cases. Such complications are associated with peripheral vascular disease, previous stroke, and the CHA2DS2-VASc score.

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