Pathological upstaging detected in radical cystectomy procedures is associated with a significantly worse tumour-specific survival rate for patients with clinical T1 urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder
May M.,St Elisabeth Klinikum Straubing |
Bastian P.J.,Mnchen University |
Brookman-May S.,University of Regensburg |
Burger M.,University of Regensburg |
And 21 more authors.
Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology | Year: 2011
Objective. Due to their variable oncological course, clinical stage T1 (cT1) urothelial carcinomas of the bladder (UCBs) are the subject of controversial discussion with regard to indication for radical cystectomy (RC).This study aimed to evaluate the frequency and prognosis of upstaging in patients undergoing RC due to UCB. Material and methods. Clinical and pathological records of 607 patients, having undergone RC for treatment of UCB in cT1N0M0, were summarized in a multi-institutional database. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) rates were calculated. A multivariable prognostic model predicting the possibility of an upstaging in RC specimens was developed based on clinical information. Results. In 210patients (35%) an upstaging (> pT1 and/or pN+) was detected in the RC specimen. Five-year CSS was 86%, 78%, 60%and 34%, respectively, for tumour stages < pT2N0 (n = 397), pT2N0 (n = 78), > pT2N0 (n = 63)and pN+ (n = 69) (p < 0.001). In a multivariable Cox regression model, pN stage, pT stage and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) revealed an independent influence on CSS (OS: pN, pT, age). An upstaging of cT1 tumours was enhanced by the criteria of G3 tumour grading and absent Tis in the transurethral resection of the bladder (TURB)specimen. Detection of LVI in RC specimens was also independently associated with an upstaging and, therefore, is recommended as a relevant prognostic parameter for the histopathological evaluation of TURB specimens. Conclusions. More than one-third of patients with cT1 tumours had an upstaging that was associated with significant prognosis deterioration. Further valid markers are required for an early identification of these patients. LVI represents such a criterion and, therefore, should be evaluated in prospectively designed trials with accurate histopathological assessment of TURB specimens. © 2011 Informa Healthcare.
Hochuli-Vieira E.,São Paulo State University |
Ha T.K.L.,Frankfurt Am Main University |
Pereira-Filho V.A.,São Paulo State University |
Landes C.A.,Frankfurt Am Main University
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2011
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of patients with mandibular angle fractures treated by intraoral access and a rectangular grid miniplate with 4 holes and stabilized with monocortical screws. Patients and Methods: This study included 45 patients with mandibular angle fractures from the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery So Paulo State University, Araraquara, Brazil, and from the Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the University of Frankfurt, Germany. The 45 fractures of the mandibular angle were treated with a rectangular grid miniplate of a 2.0-mm system by an intraoral approach with monocortical screws. Clinical evaluations were postoperatively performed at 15 and 30 days and 3 and 6 months, and the complications encountered were recorded and treated. Results: The infection rate was 4.44% (2 patients), and in 1 patient it was necessary to replace hardware. This patient also had a fracture of the left mandibular body; 3 patients (6.66%) had minor occlusal changes that have been resolved with small occlusal adjustments. Before surgery, 15 patients (33.33%) presented with hypoesthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve; 4 (8.88%) had this change until the last clinical control, at 6 months. Conclusions: The rectangular grid miniplate used in this study was stable for the treatment of simple mandibular angle fractures through intraoral access, with low complication rates, easy handling, and easy adjustment, with a low cost. Concomitant mandibular fracture may increase the rate of complications. This plate should be indicated in fractures with sufficient interfragmentary contact. © 2011 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.