Pivi G.A.K.,Federal University of so Paulo |
Bertolucci P.H.F.,Federal University of so Paulo |
Schultz R.R.,Federal University of so Paulo
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research | Year: 2012
An increasing proportion of older adults with Alzheimer's disease or other dementias are now surviving to more advanced stages of the illness. Advanced dementia is associated with feeding problems, including difficulty in swallowing and respiratory diseases. Patients become incompetent to make decisions. As a result, complex situations may arise in which physicians and families decide whether artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) is likely to be beneficial for the patient. The objective of this paper is to present methods for evaluating the nutritional status of patients with severe dementia as well as measures for the treatment of nutritional disorders, the use of vitamin and mineral supplementation, and indications for ANH and pharmacological therapy. Copyright © 2012 Glaucia Akiko Kamikado Pivi et al.
Araujo Jnior E.,Federal University of So Paulo |
Sun S.Y.,Federal University of So Paulo |
Campanharo F.F.,Federal University of So Paulo |
Nacaratto D.C.,Federal University of So Paulo |
And 4 more authors.
Case Reports in Oncology | Year: 2012
Choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant disease of trophoblastic cells, which affects young women in the reproductive years. The main sites of metastasis from choriocarcinoma are lung, vagina, liver, gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, and the involvement of the ovaries is extremely rare. The diagnosis of ovarian metastasis is made mainly by two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS) with color Doppler, which shows a large vessel in the center of the mass. The three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasound (3D power Doppler) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magic resonance imaging (MRI) are new diagnostic modalities not yet published in literature. We report a case of metastatic choriocarcinoma with left ovary involvement in a 48-year-old woman with history of molar pregnancy and irregular follow-up of this disease. We emphasize the main findings by 2DUS with color Doppler, 3D power Doppler and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. 3D power Doppler is able to improve the assessment of anatomical relationships of vessels with the ovarian mass, while the resonance angiography allows us to evaluate the anatomic relations of the mass and adjacent structures, as well as the iliac vessels. The 3D power Doppler and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI are promising methods in the evaluation of metastasis arising from gestational trophoblastic tumors. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.