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Gomes C.,Complutense University of Madrid | Magana-Loarte C.,Forensic Anatomical Institute | Dorado-Fernandez E.,Forensic Anatomical Institute | Ruiz-Mediavilla E.,Complutense University of Madrid | And 5 more authors.
Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series | Year: 2015

On their arrival to the Iberian Peninsula, the North African and Berbers Muslims encountered no resistance, but a land with some political trouble between Christians, Godos and the Jewish people, which facilitated somehow the absorption of the new invaders ideas. In on hand, there is the idea that military invasion changed by force daily habits, religious traditions and beliefs: the “Al-Ândalus” region. However, in the other hand, there are evidences of a peaceful co-existence between Muslims and the “Iberians”, as well as, a voluntary absorption of the Islamic culture. Thus, Muslims who lived under Christian rule formed the “Mudejar” community and its biogeographical origin remains still unclear. Considering the wide geographical extend and duration of the Muslim occupation, it is reasonable to suppose that the Islamic permanency had a significant impact on the Iberian gene-pool. In Uceda, (Guadalajara, Spain), 70 medieval bodies were found buried in a Mudejar cemetery. According to anthropologists’ experts, Muslim burial was observed, including the body orientation to Mecca, and all led to believe that the individuals had an Islamic origin. So, we are carrying out a genetic study in order to verify if their mitochondrial lineage is coincident with the characteristic haplogroups described for peoples from the actual Islamic geographical areas. The sampling process concerned two teeth per individual, obeying to the criteria to select evidences for critical DNA analysis. The samples were directly exposed to the floor conditions, and, in some cases, were externally damaged, requiring some adaptations in the analysis process. Our preliminary results seem to indicate that the individuals did not have North-African origin, since they revealed, so far, European haplogroups, indicating a possible religious conversion. From the forensic perspective, this is an important study since we adapted the technique in order to obtain reliable and replicable data from critical samples that were buried and directly exposed to the floor conditions. Historically, these results could be quite challenging because ancient DNA technology can be useful to shed light into the genetically history of the Iberian Peninsula © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd


Zugno T.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Martinez-De-haro V.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Lara M.T.,University Europea | Sanz-Arribas I.,Autonomous University of Madrid
Retos | Year: 2016

The aim of this longitudinal study is to analyze the evolution of growth of athletes, boys and girls, 11 to 18 years old, specializing in swimming, water polo, diving and synchronized swimming, belonging to a Technical Center and evaluated in a Medical Sports Center. Over two years were collected anthropometric measurements of height and weight, the respective measurement date and the date of birth of athletes. They were calculated in SPSS 17.0 statistical software for statistical analysis descriptive the means of their height and weight; the rate of increase growth and the chronological middle ages that had athletes between one data collection and other. The graphics were made in the computer program OriginPro7. The Evaluación Criterial was used to evaluate and locate the athletes according to averages presented. Overall growth rate of athletes were above the 50th percentile of the curves and tables for the general Spanish population. © Copyright: Federación Espanola de Asociaciones de Docentes de Educación Física (FEADEF).


Gomes C.,Complutense University of Madrid | Palomo-Diez S.,Complutense University of Madrid | Dorado-Fernandez E.,Forensic Anatomical Institute | Ruiz-Mediavilla E.,Complutense University of Madrid | And 5 more authors.
Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series | Year: 2015

In a High Medieval age cemetery, dated from the XIII-XIV century (Uceda, Guadalajara, Central Spain), two bodies were found, buried in a curious position. One of the bodies, an adult, had close to its abdominal area a small number of little bones. It was not clear if it could have been a pregnant woman or, otherwise, two separated burials, at different times.Anthropological experts confirmed that the second individual should be a fetus, being absolutely impossible to determine the sex. Furthermore, the adult was appointed as a woman.Concerning the condition of the samples, the adult one was preserved, obeying to the authenticity criteria to select evidences for a critical DNA analysis. But the samples belonging to the second individual were very delicate and fragile, complicating the sampling work.A genetic study will be carried out to find if there is any biological bond between the individuals, as well as, their biological sex. The analysis procedure had to be somewhat modified due to the sensitivity of the second individual samples.So far, our preliminary results reveal that, if both individuals are not linked by maternal kinship, they must be, at least, relatives by maternal side, since they share the same maternal lineage.Conclusions reached in the present study can help in mass disasters cases. In such situations, it is crucial to determine kinships between samples, despite their advanced state of degradation, which makes the improvement of this procedure a crucial point in forensic genetics. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


The term with that began to know the massive open online courses or MOOC is starting to disintegrate in other hybrid models such as BOOC (Big Open Online Courses), SPOC (Small Private Online Courses) or DOCC (Distributed Collaborative Online Course), due to the media attention they have received in the last two years and has driven countless articles and conferences for its definition. However, both MOOC as in any of these new hybrid models, has a series of motivational components of learning, one of them are the badges or certificates that try to justify the student motivation in learning. The key to success of a badge could be on the prestige gained within the social circle of the student, the sustainability of massive online courses could depend on it. The most prestigious certificates could cover the costs of MOOC courses, while other less prestigious badges serve as a reward to motivate the students. However, it is not clear that these rewards could motivate to the students, this paper try to clarify this approach in the context of the massive online courses.


Fernandez-Del-Valle M.,Texas Tech University | Larumbe-Zabala E.,Texas Tech University | Morande-Lavin G.,Hospital Infantil Universitario Nino Jesus | Perez Ruiz M.,University Europea
Disability and Rehabilitation | Year: 2016

Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of short-term resistance training on the body composition profile and muscle function in a group of Anorexia Nervosa restricting type (AN-R) patients. Methods: The sample consisted of AN-R female adolescents (12.8 ± 0.6 years) allocated into the control and intervention groups (n = 18 each). Body composition and relative strength were assessed at baseline, after 8 weeks and 4 weeks following the intervention. Results: Body mass index (BMI) increased throughout the study (p = 0.011). Significant skeletal muscle mass (SMM) gains were found in the intervention group (p = 0.045, d = 0.6) that correlated to the change in BMI (r = 0.51, p < 0.031). Meanwhile, fat mass (FM) gains were significant in the control group (p = 0.047, d = 0.6) and correlated (r > 0.60) with change in BMI in both the groups. Significant relative strength increases (p < 0.001) were found in the intervention group and were sustained over time. Conclusions: SMM gain is linked to an increased relative strength when resistance training is prescribed. Although FM, relative body fat (%BF), BMI and body weight (BW) are used to monitor nutritional progress. Based on our results, we suggest to monitor SMM and relative strength ratios for a better estimation of body composition profile and muscle function recovery.Implications for RehabilitationAnorexia Nervosa Restricting Type (AN-R)AN-R is a psychiatric disorder that has a major impact on muscle mass content and function. However, little or no attention has been paid to muscle recovery.High intensity resistance training is safe for AN-R after hospitalization and enhances the force generating capacity as well as muscle mass gains.Skeletal muscle mass content and muscular function improvements are partially maintained for a short period of time when the exercise program ceases. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd.


Fernandez-Heredia T.,University Europea | Monzon A.,Technical University of Madrid | Jara-Diaz S.,University of Chile
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice | Year: 2014

Many variables that influence bicycle use beyond time and cost have been included in models of various types. However, psycho-social factors that make the bicycle eligible as a modal alternative have not been identified properly. These factors are related to intention, attitudes and perceptions, and their identification can contribute to obtain the keys for a successful bicycle policy. Here, an in-depth investigation of cyclists' perceptions is attempted using a large university survey designed and collected ad hoc, and then applying exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. After identifying fourteen factors, a structural equations model was estimated to find structure and relationships among variables and to understand users' intentions to use the bike. Four (latent) variables are identified, namely convenience, pro-bike, physical determinants and exogenous restrictions. The main conclusion is that convenience (flexible, efficient) and exogenous restrictions (danger, vandalism, facilities) are the most important elements to understand the attitudes towards the bicycle. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Lloyd R.S.,Cardiff Metropolitan University | Faigenbaum A.D.,The College of New Jersey | Stone M.H.,East Tennessee State University | Oliver J.L.,Cardiff Metropolitan University | And 22 more authors.
Archivos de Medicina del Deporte | Year: 2014

The current manuscript is a translation of the Position statement on youth resistance training: the 2014 International Consensus. The original manuscript was adapted from the oficial position statement of the UK Strength and Conditioning Association on youth resistance training. It was subsequently reviewed and endorsed by leading professional organisations within the fields of sports medicine, exercise science and paediatrics. The authorship team for this article was selected from the fields of paediatric exercise science, paediatric medicine, physical education, strength and conditioning and sports medicine.


Di Ciommo F.,Technical University of Madrid | Monzon A.,Technical University of Madrid | Fernandez-Heredia A.,University Europea
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice | Year: 2013

Several international studies have analyzed the acceptability of road pricing schemes by means of an attitude survey in combination with the results of a stated choice experiment using both a descriptive analysis and a discrete-choice model with binary choice (" accept" or " not accept" the toll). However, the use of hybrid discrete choice models constitutes an innovative alternative for integrating subjective attitudes and perceptions deriving from the survey of attitudes with the more objective variables from the stated choice experiment. This paper analyzes the results of applying these models to measure the acceptability of interurban road pricing among different groups of stakeholders (road freight and passenger operators, highway concessionaires, and associations of private car users) with qualitatively significant opinions on road pricing measures. Our results show that hybrid models are better suited to explaining the acceptability of a road pricing scheme by different groups of stakeholders than a separate analysis of the survey of attitudes and a discrete-choice model applied on a stated choice experiment. A particular finding was that the strong psycho-social latent variable of the perception of fairness explains the rejection or acceptance of a toll scheme by road stakeholders. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | University Europea, Hospital Universitario Puerta Of Hierro In Majadahonda, Hospital Universitario Of Fuenlabrada, Healthcare Center Francia and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology nursing forum | Year: 2013

To objectively assess physical activity (PA) levels in a cohort of Spanish cancer survivors.Descriptive, cross-sectional.The Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada and two healthcare centers in Madrid, Spain.204 cancer survivors and 115 adults with no history of cancer.Participants wore a triaxial accelerometer for seven or more consecutive days to assess PA levels. Body mass index (BMI), indirect indicators of adiposity (waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio), and cardiorespiratory fitness also were determined.Light, moderate, vigorous, and total PA (sum of the former).Most (94%) of the cancer survivors met international recommendations for moderate PA, but very few (3%) fulfilled those (75 minutes or more per week) for vigorous PA. Except for lower total (minute per day, p=0.048) and vigorous PA levels (p<0.001 for both minute per day and minute per week) recorded in the cancer survivors group, no between-group differences were detected (p>0.05). A high percentage of the survivors (33%) were obese (BMI greater than 30 kg/m2), and many also showed poor cardiorespiratory fitness (45% were below the 8 metabolic equivalent threshold).Although cancer survivors overall met international PA recommendations for a healthy lifestyle, their BMI and cardiorespiratory profiles were not within the healthy range.Cancer survivors need to be informed about healthy lifestyle habits and should be regularly monitored.


PubMed | University Europea, Texas Tech University, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center and Hospital Infantil Universitario Nino Jesus
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Disability and rehabilitation | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of short-term resistance training on the body composition profile and muscle function in a group of Anorexia Nervosa restricting type (AN-R) patients.The sample consisted of AN-R female adolescents (12.80.6 years) allocated into the control and intervention groups (n=18 each). Body composition and relative strength were assessed at baseline, after 8 weeks and 4 weeks following the intervention.Body mass index (BMI) increased throughout the study (p=0.011). Significant skeletal muscle mass (SMM) gains were found in the intervention group (p=0.045, d=0.6) that correlated to the change in BMI (r=0.51, p<0.031). Meanwhile, fat mass (FM) gains were significant in the control group (p=0.047, d=0.6) and correlated (r>0.60) with change in BMI in both the groups. Significant relative strength increases (p<0.001) were found in the intervention group and were sustained over time.SMM gain is linked to an increased relative strength when resistance training is prescribed. Although FM, relative body fat (%BF), BMI and body weight (BW) are used to monitor nutritional progress. Based on our results, we suggest to monitor SMM and relative strength ratios for a better estimation of body composition profile and muscle function recovery. Implications for Rehabilitation Anorexia Nervosa Restricting Type (AN-R) AN-R is a psychiatric disorder that has a major impact on muscle mass content and function. However, little or no attention has been paid to muscle recovery. High intensity resistance training is safe for AN-R after hospitalization and enhances the force generating capacity as well as muscle mass gains. Skeletal muscle mass content and muscular function improvements are partially maintained for a short period of time when the exercise program ceases.

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