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Gomes C.,Complutense University of Madrid | Palomo-Diez S.,Complutense University of Madrid | Dorado-Fernandez E.,Forensic Anatomical Institute | Ruiz-Mediavilla E.,Complutense University of Madrid | And 5 more authors.
Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series | Year: 2015

In a High Medieval age cemetery, dated from the XIII-XIV century (Uceda, Guadalajara, Central Spain), two bodies were found, buried in a curious position. One of the bodies, an adult, had close to its abdominal area a small number of little bones. It was not clear if it could have been a pregnant woman or, otherwise, two separated burials, at different times.Anthropological experts confirmed that the second individual should be a fetus, being absolutely impossible to determine the sex. Furthermore, the adult was appointed as a woman.Concerning the condition of the samples, the adult one was preserved, obeying to the authenticity criteria to select evidences for a critical DNA analysis. But the samples belonging to the second individual were very delicate and fragile, complicating the sampling work.A genetic study will be carried out to find if there is any biological bond between the individuals, as well as, their biological sex. The analysis procedure had to be somewhat modified due to the sensitivity of the second individual samples.So far, our preliminary results reveal that, if both individuals are not linked by maternal kinship, they must be, at least, relatives by maternal side, since they share the same maternal lineage.Conclusions reached in the present study can help in mass disasters cases. In such situations, it is crucial to determine kinships between samples, despite their advanced state of degradation, which makes the improvement of this procedure a crucial point in forensic genetics. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Zugno T.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Martinez-De-haro V.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Lara M.T.,University Europea | Sanz-Arribas I.,Autonomous University of Madrid
Retos | Year: 2016

The aim of this longitudinal study is to analyze the evolution of growth of athletes, boys and girls, 11 to 18 years old, specializing in swimming, water polo, diving and synchronized swimming, belonging to a Technical Center and evaluated in a Medical Sports Center. Over two years were collected anthropometric measurements of height and weight, the respective measurement date and the date of birth of athletes. They were calculated in SPSS 17.0 statistical software for statistical analysis descriptive the means of their height and weight; the rate of increase growth and the chronological middle ages that had athletes between one data collection and other. The graphics were made in the computer program OriginPro7. The Evaluación Criterial was used to evaluate and locate the athletes according to averages presented. Overall growth rate of athletes were above the 50th percentile of the curves and tables for the general Spanish population. © Copyright: Federación Espanola de Asociaciones de Docentes de Educación Física (FEADEF). Source

Fernandez-Del-Valle M.,Texas Tech University | Larumbe-Zabala E.,Texas Tech University | Morande-Lavin G.,Hospital Infantil Universitario Nino Jesus | Perez Ruiz M.,University Europea
Disability and Rehabilitation | Year: 2016

Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of short-term resistance training on the body composition profile and muscle function in a group of Anorexia Nervosa restricting type (AN-R) patients. Methods: The sample consisted of AN-R female adolescents (12.8 ± 0.6 years) allocated into the control and intervention groups (n = 18 each). Body composition and relative strength were assessed at baseline, after 8 weeks and 4 weeks following the intervention. Results: Body mass index (BMI) increased throughout the study (p = 0.011). Significant skeletal muscle mass (SMM) gains were found in the intervention group (p = 0.045, d = 0.6) that correlated to the change in BMI (r = 0.51, p < 0.031). Meanwhile, fat mass (FM) gains were significant in the control group (p = 0.047, d = 0.6) and correlated (r > 0.60) with change in BMI in both the groups. Significant relative strength increases (p < 0.001) were found in the intervention group and were sustained over time. Conclusions: SMM gain is linked to an increased relative strength when resistance training is prescribed. Although FM, relative body fat (%BF), BMI and body weight (BW) are used to monitor nutritional progress. Based on our results, we suggest to monitor SMM and relative strength ratios for a better estimation of body composition profile and muscle function recovery.Implications for RehabilitationAnorexia Nervosa Restricting Type (AN-R)AN-R is a psychiatric disorder that has a major impact on muscle mass content and function. However, little or no attention has been paid to muscle recovery.High intensity resistance training is safe for AN-R after hospitalization and enhances the force generating capacity as well as muscle mass gains.Skeletal muscle mass content and muscular function improvements are partially maintained for a short period of time when the exercise program ceases. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd. Source

Lloyd R.S.,Cardiff Metropolitan University | Faigenbaum A.D.,The College of New Jersey | Stone M.H.,East Tennessee State University | Oliver J.L.,Cardiff Metropolitan University | And 19 more authors.
Archivos de Medicina del Deporte | Year: 2014

The current manuscript is a translation of the Position statement on youth resistance training: the 2014 International Consensus. The original manuscript was adapted from the oficial position statement of the UK Strength and Conditioning Association on youth resistance training. It was subsequently reviewed and endorsed by leading professional organisations within the fields of sports medicine, exercise science and paediatrics. The authorship team for this article was selected from the fields of paediatric exercise science, paediatric medicine, physical education, strength and conditioning and sports medicine. Source

Fernandez-Heredia T.,University Europea | Monzon A.,Technical University of Madrid | Jara-Diaz S.,University of Chile
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice | Year: 2014

Many variables that influence bicycle use beyond time and cost have been included in models of various types. However, psycho-social factors that make the bicycle eligible as a modal alternative have not been identified properly. These factors are related to intention, attitudes and perceptions, and their identification can contribute to obtain the keys for a successful bicycle policy. Here, an in-depth investigation of cyclists' perceptions is attempted using a large university survey designed and collected ad hoc, and then applying exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. After identifying fourteen factors, a structural equations model was estimated to find structure and relationships among variables and to understand users' intentions to use the bike. Four (latent) variables are identified, namely convenience, pro-bike, physical determinants and exogenous restrictions. The main conclusion is that convenience (flexible, efficient) and exogenous restrictions (danger, vandalism, facilities) are the most important elements to understand the attitudes towards the bicycle. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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