University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho

Jaboticabal, Brazil

University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho

Jaboticabal, Brazil

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Viana-Baracioli L.M.S.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho | Junior N.C.T.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho | Junior O.R.,Hemocentro | Angulo I.L.,University of Sao Paulo | Bonini-Domingos C.R.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2011

It is well documented that Hb S and iron affect blood cells, and trigger oxidative processes and generation of free radicals with potential for lipid peroxidation. We evaluated the frequency of polymorphisms in the HFE gene in Hb AS blood donors and how these polymorphisms influenced lipid peroxidation and antioxidant capacity. Blood samples were collected from 211 Hb AS blood donors, 119 Hb AA blood donors as a control group, and 28 sickle cell disease patients (Hb SS). The H63D allele was found at a frequency of 10.5% in the Hb AS samples, and the C282Y allele frequency was 0.7%. In the control group, the frequencies of the H63D and C282Y alleles were 13.4 and 2.1%, respectively. In the sickle-cell disease patients, the H63D and the C282Y allele frequencies were 10.7 and 3.5%, respectively. The frequencies of the C282Y and H63D polymorphisms in Hb AS blood donors are similar to those reported for the Brazilian population. Serum malondialdehyde values, indicative of lipid peroxidation, were highest in sickle cell patients, independent of the polymorphisms in the HFE gene, with significant differences, showing the influence of Hb S allele in the levels of lipid peroxidation. However, the trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity average levels, indicative of the antioxidant capacity, were reduced with significant differences, indicating that in spite of a lipid peroxidation raise, this is not followed by the increased of the antioxidant capacity, leading to oxidative stress. © FUNPEC-RP www.funpecrp.com.br.


Zorzatto C.,State University of Maringá | Chiari L.,Embrapa Gado de Corte | De Araujo Bitencourt G.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho | Do Valle C.B.,Embrapa Gado de Corte | And 3 more authors.
Plant Breeding | Year: 2010

A bulked segregant analysis using RAPD technique was carried out to identify molecular markers linked to apomixis in a Brachiaria humidicola F1 population that segregated 1 : 1 for the mode of reproduction (apomixis and sexual). A marker related to the apo-locus was found. Segregation data, together with this marker were used to generate a map of the region. This marker was located at 4.61 cM of the target locus, and it can be used in deploying marker-assisted selection for mode of reproduction in the hybrid progenies of this species. © 2010 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.


Rendon M.Y.,University of Campinas | Gratao P.L.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho | Salva T.J.G.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas | Azevedo R.A.,University of Sao Paulo | Bragagnolo N.,University of Campinas
European Food Research and Technology | Year: 2013

The development of the germination process and drought stress during the drying of coffee can generate reactive oxygen species, which can be neutralized by way of antioxidant mechanisms. No studies related to antioxidant enzymes during the drying of coffee were found in the literature, and considering their importance, the enzymatic activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), guaiacol peroxidase (GPOX) and glutathione reductase (GR), and also the hydrogen peroxide content were evaluated during the drying of two types of coffee bean, one processed as natural coffee and the other as pulped natural coffee. The results showed a reduction in the SOD, GPOX and GR enzymatic activities of the natural coffee as compared to the pulped natural coffee during the drying period. Moreover, the hydrogen peroxide content of the natural coffee was greater than that of the pulped natural coffee. These results suggest the development of oxidative stress during the coffee drying process, controlled more efficiently in pulped natural coffee by the early action of GPOX during the drying process. Nevertheless, differential responses by SOD isoenzymes and possibly the role of other peroxidases also appear to be involved in the responses observed. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Da Conceicao Braga L.,Servico de Biologia Celular | Da Conceicao Braga L.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho | Silva L.M.,Servico de Biologia Celular | Piedade J.B.,Servico de Biologia Celular | And 3 more authors.
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2014

Objective: This study assesses TRAIL-R2 (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor 2) and BCL2 (B cell CLL/lymphoma 2) expression as well as CpG island methylation within the TRAIL-R2 promoter in ovarian serous tumors and primary and metastatic serous EOC (epithelial ovarian cancer). Methods: RNA and DNA were obtained from women with normal ovarian tissues (n = 18), ovarian serous cystadenoma tumors (n = 11) and serous EOC (n = 16) using Trizol®. Quantitative PCR was performed to quantify the relative levels of TRAIL-R2 and BCL2. The methylation frequency of the TRAIL-R3 promoter was assessed using a methylation-specific PCR assay after DNA bisulfite conversion. Differences between the groups were evaluated using the χ 2, Mann-Whitney U or Kruskal-Wallis tests, as indicated. Results: We identified TRAIL-R2 and BCL2 mRNA expressed in all ovarian tumor groups, and there were significant differences between the groups. Both genes had low expression levels in ovarian serous cystadenoma and primary EOC tumors when compared with metastatic EOC. Methylation of the TRAIL-R2 promoter was frequently observed in all groups; however, there were no statistically significant associations. Conclusions: Primary EOC is associated with lower TRAIL-R2 and BCL2 expression levels, while metastatic EOC is associated with higher expression of these genes. Promoter DNA methylation was not related to this finding, suggesting there are other mechanisms involved in transcriptional control. © 2013 Springer-Verlag.


Carneiro F.S.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2012

The Neotropical tree Hymenaea courbaril, locally known as Jatobá, is a valuable source of lumber and also produces comestible and medicinal fruit. We characterized Mendelian inheritance, linkage and genotypic disequilibrium at nine microsatellite loci isolated from H. courbaril, in order to determine if they would provide accurate estimates of population genetic parameters of this important Amazon species. The study was made on 250 open-pollinated offspring originated from 14 seed trees. Only one of nine loci presented significant deviation from the expected Mendelian segregation (1:1). Genotypic disequilibrium between pairwise loci was investigated based on samples from 55 adult and 56 juvenile trees. No genetic linkage between any paired loci was observed. After Bonferroni's corrections for multiple tests, we found no evidence of genotypic disequilibrium between pairs of loci. We conclude that this set of loci can be used for genetic diversity/ structure, mating system, gene flow, and parentage analyses in H. courbaril populations.


Battie-Laclau P.,University of Sao Paulo | Laclau J.-P.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Laclau J.-P.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho | Laclau J.-P.,University of Sao Paulo | And 13 more authors.
New Phytologist | Year: 2014

A basic understanding of nutrition effects on the mechanisms involved in tree response to drought is essential under a future drier climate. A large-scale throughfall exclusion experiment was set up in Brazil to gain an insight into the effects of potassium (K) and sodium (Na) nutrition on tree structural and physiological adjustments to water deficit. Regardless of the water supply, K and Na supply greatly increased growth and leaf area index (LAI) of Eucalyptus grandis trees over the first 3 yr after planting. Excluding 37% of throughfall reduced above-ground biomass accumulation in the third year after planting for K- supplied trees only. E. grandis trees were scarcely sensitive to drought as a result of the utilization of water stored in deep soil layers after clear-cutting the previous plantation. Trees coped with water restriction through stomatal closure (isohydrodynamic behavior), osmotic adjustment and decrease in LAI. Additionally, droughted trees showed higher phloem sap sugar concentrations. K and Na supply increased maximum stomatal conductance, and the high water requirements of fertilized trees increased water stress during dry periods. Fertilization regimes should be revisited in a future drier climate in order to find the right balance between improving tree growth and limiting water shortage. © 2014 New Phytologist Trust.


Vieira N.A.,University of Sao Paulo | Borgo H.C.,University of Sao Paulo | Dalben G.S.,University of Sao Paulo | Bachega M.I.,University of Sao Paulo | Pereira P.C.M.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2013

This study isolated and quantified intestinal bacteria of children with cleft palate before and after palatoplasty. A prospective study was conducted from May 2007 to September 2008 on 18 children with cleft palate, aged one to four years, of both genders, attending a tertiary cleft center in Brazil for palatoplasty, to analyze the effect of surgical palate repair on the concentration of anaerobes Bacteroides sp, Bifidobacterium sp and microaerophiles Lactobacillus sp in feces of infants with cleft palate before and 24 hours after treatment with cefazolin for palatoplasty. There was significant reduction of Lactobacillus sp (p < 0.002), Bacteroides sp (p < 0.001) and Bifidobacterium sp (p = 0.021) after palatoplasty, revealing that surgery and utilization of cefazolin significantly influenced the fecal microbiota comparing collections before and after surgery. However, due to study limitations, it was not possible to conclude that other isolated factors, such as surgical stress, anesthetics and other medications used in palatoplasty might have a significant influence on the microbiota. Considering the important participation of the intestinal microbiota on both local and systemic metabolic and immunological activities of the host, professionals should be attentive to the possible influence of these changes in patients submitted to cleft repair. © 2013, Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia.


Stafuzza N.B.,University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2012

River buffalo genome analyses have advanced significantly in the last decade, and the genome sequence of Bubalus bubalis will be available shortly. Nonetheless, large-insert DNA library resources such as bacterial artificial chromosomes (BAC) are still required for validation and accurate assembly of the genome sequence. We constructed a river buffalo BAC library containing 52,224 clones with an average insert size of 97 kb, representing 1.7 × coverage of the genome. This genomic resource for river buffalo will facilitate further studies in this economically important species allowing for instance, whole genome physical mapping and isolation of genes and gene clusters, contributing to the elucidation of gene organization and identification of regulatory elements.


PubMed | University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho and University of Sao Paulo
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Brazilian journal of microbiology : [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology] | Year: 2014

This study isolated and quantified intestinal bacteria of children with cleft palate before and after palatoplasty. A prospective study was conducted from May 2007 to September 2008 on 18 children with cleft palate, aged one to four years, of both genders, attending a tertiary cleft center in Brazil for palatoplasty, to analyze the effect of surgical palate repair on the concentration of anaerobes Bacteroides sp, Bifidobacterium sp and microaerophiles Lactobacillus sp in feces of infants with cleft palate before and 24 hours after treatment with cefazolin for palatoplasty. There was significant reduction of Lactobacillus sp (p < 0.002), Bacteroides sp (p < 0.001) and Bifidobacterium sp (p = 0.021) after palatoplasty, revealing that surgery and utilization of cefazolin significantly influenced the fecal microbiota comparing collections before and after surgery. However, due to study limitations, it was not possible to conclude that other isolated factors, such as surgical stress, anesthetics and other medications used in palatoplasty might have a significant influence on the microbiota. Considering the important participation of the intestinal microbiota on both local and systemic metabolic and immunological activities of the host, professionals should be attentive to the possible influence of these changes in patients submitted to cleft repair.


PubMed | University Estadual Of Sao Paulo Julio Of Mesquita Filho and University of Sao Paulo
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2016

Owing to the narrow genetic basis of soybean (Glycine max), the incorporation of new sources of germplasm is indispensable when searching for alleles that contribute to a greater diversity of varieties. The alternative is plant introduction, which may increase genetic variability within breeding programs. Multivariate techniques are important tools to study genetic diversity and allow the precise elucidation of variability in a set of genotypes of interest. The agro-morphological traits of 93 soybean accessions from various continents were analyzed in order to assess the genetic diversity present, and to highlight important traits. The experimental design was incomplete blocks (Alpha lattice, 8 x 12) with three replicates. Nine agro-morphological traits were analyzed, and principal component analysis and cluster analysis were performed, the latter by Wards method. The dendrogram obtained contained eight subgroups, confirming the genetic diversity among the accessions and revealing similarities between 11 national genotypes. The geographical origin of the accessions was not always related to the clusters. The traits evaluated, and the methods used, facilitated the distinction and characterization of genotypes between and within groups, and could be used in Brazilian soybean breeding programs.

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