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Callaghan, Australia

Luck J.,University Drive | Wallace R.,Charles Darwin University
Acta Horticulturae

A recent survey (Howie, 2012), commissioned by the Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre (PBCRC) on the national plant biosecurity capability status, showed a steady decline in researchers employed in plant biosecurity over the last six years. This study was supported by the Pratley report (2013) which reviewed agricultural education and training in response to the shortage of young people choosing agriculture as a career. The demographic of the plant biosecurity science community has changed over the last 10 years, with mathematical modelling, economics, genomics and the social sciences increasingly replacing more traditional disciplines such as plant pathology, entomology, horticulture or agriculture. This change has occurred as a result of a number of drivers such as; 1. the availability of new technology, 2. a need to understand the economic consequences of an incursion for industry and government, and 3. the need to understand the social consequences of biosecurity threats. While these new research areas meet the changing biosecurity landscape, traditional biology and agricultural expertise remains essential in managing new pests entering and establishing in Australia. The PBCRC has invested $ 3.6 million cash and $ 18 million in-kind in 27 new PhD scholarships to train candidates across each of these areas, including classical taxonomic and ecological research. Four examples of PhD research projects underway and the professional development program offered to PBCRC students will be outlined. Development of national biosecurity structures within the National RD&E Framework for plant biosecurity, grains and horticulture forms part of the PBCRC legacy. To support this legacy, the PBCRC is addressing the critical decline of traditional biological capability while continuing to train students in new research areas such as; economic modelling, genomics, policy and social sciences. Source

Anderson A.E.,University Drive | Anderson A.E.,Hunter Medical Research Institute | Bowman J.A.,University of Newcastle | Bowman J.A.,Hunter Medical Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
Psychiatric Services

Objective: The study assessed the association of supportive clinical systems and procedures with smoking cessation care at community mental health centers. Methods: Managers (N584) of community mental health centers in New South Wales, Australia, were asked to complete a survey during 2009 about smoking cessation care. Results: Of the 79 managers who responded, 56% reported that the centers assessed smoking for over 60% of clients, and 34% reported that more than 60% of clients received minimum acceptable smoking cessation care. They reported the use of guidelines and protocols (34%), the use of forms to record smoking status (65%), and the practice of always enforcing smoking bans (52%). Minimum acceptable smoking cessation care was associated with encouraging nicotine replacement therapy for staff who smoke (odds ratio [OR]59.42), using forms for recording smoking status (OR55.80), and always enforcing smoking bans (OR53.82). Conclusions: Smoking cessation care was suboptimal, and additional supportive systems and procedures are required to increase its delivery. Source

Rubin M.,University of Newcastle | Rubin M.,University Drive | Morrison T.,University of Newcastle | Morrison T.,University Drive
Journal of General Psychology

The present research investigated individual differences in individualism and collectivism as predictors of people's reactions to cities. Psychology undergraduate students (N = 148) took virtual guided tours around historical cities. They then evaluated the cities liveability and environmental quality and completed measures of individualism and collectivism. Mediation analyses showed that people who scored high in self-responsibility (individualism) rated the cities as more liveable because they perceived them to be richer and better resourced. In contrast, people who scored high in collectivism rated the cities as having a better environmental quality because they perceived them to (1) provide a greater potential for community and social life and (2) allow people to express themselves. These results indicate that people's evaluations of virtual cities are based on the degree to which certain aspects of the cities are perceived to be consistent with individualist and collectivist values. Copyright © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Fernando I.,University Drive | Henskens F.,University Drive
Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference e-Health 2012, EH 2012, Part of the IADIS Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems 2012, MCCSIS 2012

Whilst the authors have previously described a formal model for case formulation and treatment decision support in psychiatry, this paper presents the translation of this formal model into a computational model and its implementation as a prototype. The resulting web-based system utilises a collaborative approach for developing the knowledgebase through online participation of clinicians. It is expected that the implemented system will serve not only as a useful decision support tool, but also an educational resource for clinicians. © 2012 IADIS. Source

Reilly N.,University of New South Wales | Harris S.,University Drive | Harris S.,University of Newcastle | Loxton D.,University Drive | And 8 more authors.
BMC Public Health

Background: Psychosocial assessment and depression screening is now recommended for all women who are pregnant or have recently given birth in Australia. Existing studies which have examined the extent of participation by women in such population-based programs have been primarily concerned with depression screening rather than a more comprehensive examination of psychosocial assessment, and have not been sufficiently inclusive of the 30% of women whose maternity care is provided in the private sector. Whether there are disparities in equity of access to perinatal psychosocial assessment is also unknown. Methods. A sub-sample of women (N = 1804) drawn from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health participated in the study. Overall rates of assessment across five psychosocial domains (current emotional health; mental health history; current level of support; current drug or alcohol use; experience of domestic violence or abuse), as well as receipt of mental health promotion information, were examined. Log binomial regression was performed to investigate whether there were socio-demographic or health system inequalities among women who are and are not assessed across each domain. Results: Two-thirds of women (66.8%) reported being asked about their current emotional health in the antenatal period, increasing to 75.6% of women in the postnatal period. Rates decreased markedly for reported assessment of mental health history (52.9% during pregnancy and 41.2% postnatally). Women were least likely to be asked about their experience of domestic violence or abuse in both the antenatal and postnatal periods (in total, 35.7% and 31.8%, respectively).In terms of equity of access to psychosocial assessment, women who gave birth in the public hospital sector were more likely to report being assessed across all domains of assessment in the antenatal period, compared with women who gave birth in the private sector, after adjusting for other significant covariates. State of residence was associated with reported rates of assessment across all domains in both the antenatal and postnatal periods. Women from non-English speaking backgrounds and women with more than one child were less likely to be assessed across various domains. Conclusion: This study provides an important insight into the reported overall penetration of and access to perinatal psychosocial assessment among a sample of women in Australia. Opportunities to minimise the current shortfall in assessment rates, particularly in the private sector, and for ongoing monitoring of assessment activity at a national level are discussed. © 2013 Reilly et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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