Mexico City, Mexico
Mexico City, Mexico

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Gonzalez C.A.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Gonzalez C.A.,University del Ejercito | Valencia J.A.,Hospital Central Militar | Mora A.,University del Ejercito | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Motivated by the need of poor and rural Mexico, where the population has limited access to advanced medical technology and services, we have developed a new paradigm for medical diagnostic based on the technology of "Volumetric Electromagnetic Phase Shift Spectroscopy" (VEPS), as an inexpensive partial substitute to medical imaging. VEPS, can detect changes in tissue properties inside the body through non-contact, multi-frequency electromagnetic measurements from the exterior of the body, and thereby provide rapid and inexpensive diagnostics in a way that is amenable for use in economically disadvantaged parts of the world. We describe the technology and report results from a limited pilot study with 46 healthy volunteers and eight patients with CT radiology confirmed brain edema and brain hematoma. Data analysis with a non-parametric statistical Mann-Whitney U test, shows that in the frequency range of from 26 MHz to 39 MHz, VEPS can distinguish non-invasively and without contact, with a statistical significance of p<0.05, between healthy subjects and those with a medical conditions in the brain. In the frequency range of between 153 MHz to 166 MHz it can distinguish with a statistical significance of p<0.05 between subjects with brain edema and those with a hematoma in the brain. A classifier build from measurements in these two frequency ranges can provide instantaneous diagnostic of the medical condition of the brain of a patient, from a single set of measurements. While this is a small-scale pilot study, it illustrates the potential of VEPS to change the paradigm of medical diagnostic of brain injury through a VEPS classifier-based technology. Obviously substantially larger-scale studies are needed to verify and expand on the findings in this small pilot study. © 2013 Gonzalez et al.


Guerrero-Robles C.I.,Juarez Autonomous University of Tabasco | Guerrero-Robles C.I.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Lozano-Trenado L.M.,University del Ejercito | Uscanga-Carmona M.C.,Hospital Militar Of Especialidades Of La Mujer Y Neonatologia | And 6 more authors.
Revista Mexicana de Ingenieria Biomedica | Year: 2015

Several groups have proposed thermographic image processing for Breast Cancer (BC) detection. Angiogenesis and vascularization of menstrual cycle dependent, as well as age and Body Mass Index change the absolute temperature in the tissue surface without necessarily being associated with malignancy. We have proposed the Differentiated Tissue Thermography (DTT) in breast regarding its contralateral mirror in order to observe differences in temperature characteristics of malignancy. This study evaluates the possibility of using breast DTT as a potential technique to assist the detection of BC. We sampled 110 female volunteers between 40 and 60 years old segmented into two experimental groups: healthy group (n=90) and BC group (n=20), which were diagnosed by mammography and histopathology. Thermal images of both breasts were acquired with an infrared camera and the DTT was estimated relative to its contralateral breast in the same patient. A sensitivity and specificity analysis was developed and the DTT was compared with the radiological diagnosis by ROC curves with the histopathological report as reference. The DTT values showed distinguishable dynamic ranges between malignant and healthy conditions. ROC analysis showed sensitivity and specificity values for DTT of 70% and 54% while for the radiological diagnosis was 70% and 96% respectively. DTT showed technical viability to assist BC detection.


Silva J.G.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Silva J.G.,University Del Ejercito | Cardenas R.A.,University Del Ejercito | Quiroz A.R.,Valle de México University | And 8 more authors.
Physiological Measurement | Year: 2014

Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide, with a higher mortality reported in undeveloped countries. Ideal adjuvant therapeutic strategies require the continuous monitoring of patients by regular blood tests to detect circulating cancer cells, in order to determine whether additional treatment is necessary to prevent cancer dissemination. This circumstance requires a non-complex design of tumor cell biosensor in whole blood with feasibility for use in poor regions. In this work we have evaluated an inexpensive and simple technique of relative bioimpedance measurement, assisted by magnetic nanoparticles, as a potential biosensor of BC cells in suspension. Measurements represent the relative impedance changes caused by the magnetic holding of an interphase of tumor cells versus a homogenous condition in the frequency range of 10-100 kHz. The results indicate that use of a magnet to separate tumor cells in suspension, coupled to magnetic nanoparticles, is a feasible technique to fix an interphase of tumor cells in close proximity to gold electrodes. Relative impedance changes were shown to have potential value as a biosensor method for BC cells in whole blood, at frequencies around 20 kHz. Additional studies are warranted with respect to electrode design and sensitivity at micro-scale levels, according to the proposed technique. © 2014 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine.

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