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Marino D.,University of Molise | Marucci A.,University Consortium for Socioeconomic and Environmental Research | Palmieri M.,University Consortium for Socioeconomic and Environmental Research | Gaglioppa P.,Lands NGO
Ecological Indicators | Year: 2015

Abstract Protected areas play an important role in the preservation and implementation of bold environmental agreements, among which the 20 Aichi Targets (Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, COP 10), with their focus on effective management systems supporting the conservation of biodiversity and eco-system services (Aichi Biodiversity Target 11). The aim of this paper is to illustrate the MEVAP (Monitoring and EValuation of Protected Areas) methodology, Italy's contribution to the topic of evaluating the effectiveness of protected areas within the international landscape (WDPA-IUCN, World Database on Protected Areas - Union for Conservation of Nature). The purpose of MEVAP is to provide a periodical review procedure as part of the process to improve the management of protected areas. Its starting point is the analysis of qualitative and quantitative data pertinent to the environmental, social and economic aspects of protected areas and to their governance. This paper illustrates the results obtained using the MEVAP method and its application to several clusters of Italian national parks. While highlighting the potential of this method, the document also proposes an initial assessment of the environmental, social and economical performance of protected areas and how performance is connected to its governance. Underpinning the study is the need to expand the use of evaluation practices and to spur scientific debate in the direction of widely spread adaptive management methods, with a view to optimising policies and management procedures and, therefore, achieving the protection targets that must be met by protected areas through their institutions. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Marino D.,University Consortium for Socioeconomic and Environmental Research | Marino D.,University of Molise | Schirpke U.,Institute for Alpine Environment | Schirpke U.,University of Innsbruck | And 8 more authors.
Annali di Botanica | Year: 2014

the natura 2000 network is the cornerstone of eU biodiversity Strategy aiming at halting the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services (eS) provided by natural and semi-natural ecosystems to human populations. Member States are mainly responsible to implement conservation strategies through management plans or conservation measures, but in many cases the level of development and execution of these instruments is very low and management effectiveness is rarely achieved. The project liFe+ "Making Good natura" aims to provide a governance tool for an efficient management of natura 2000 sites based on the qualitative and quantitative valuation of eS and innovative models of self-financing by payments for ecosystem Services (peS) or other mechanisms. A qualitative assessment of eS was obtained through maps and stakeholder perceptions. these first insights are the basis for integrating the eS approach within conservation strategies of natura 2000 sites.

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