University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases Golnik Golnik Slovenia

Golnik Golnik, Slovenia

University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases Golnik Golnik Slovenia

Golnik Golnik, Slovenia
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Dezman K.,University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases Golnik Golnik Slovenia | Korosec P.,University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases Golnik Golnik Slovenia | Rupnik H.,University of Ljubljana | Rijavec M.,University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases Golnik Golnik Slovenia
International Journal of Immunogenetics | Year: 2017

We have recently showed that filaggrin (FLG) mutations are associated only with early-onset of AD, but not with late-onset of AD. Consequently, other susceptibility genes should receive attention, especially in patients with late-onset of AD. Our aim was to assess the associations between development of AD and the polymorphisms rs2303067 in SPINK5 and rs490928 in CHI3L1. A study population of 241 AD patients and 164 healthy controls was genotyped for two polymorphisms (rs2303067 in SPINK5 and rs490928 in CHI3L1). Rs2303067 in SPINK5 was significantly associated with early-onset AD (≤8 years: p = .003; OR = 2.57) and was characterized by the need for hospitalization (p = .006; OR = 2.76), prolonged duration (≥10 years; p = .008; OR = 2.32) and more body parts affected (p = .015; OR = 2.01). In contrast, rs490928 in CHI3L1 was associated with late-onset AD (>8 years: p = .048; OR = 1.65) and was characterized by no need for hospitalization (p = .049; OR = 1.59), shorter duration (<10 years; p = .017; OR = 1.94) and fewer body parts affected (p = .049; OR = 1.75). Our results confirmed that different AD phenotypes, specifically early- and late-onset AD, have different genetic backgrounds. Early-onset AD was associated with rs2303067 in SPINK5, which is involved in skin barrier functioning, and late-onset was associated with rs4950928 in CHI3L1, which is involved in the immune response. Future studies should examine the early- versus late-onset subgrouping more closely. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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