Yeung C.-H.,University Clinic
Asian Journal of Andrology | Year: 2010
Mammalian spermatozoa have relatively high water permeability and swell readily, as in the hypo-osmotic swelling test used in the andrology clinic. Physiologically, spermatozoa experience changes in the osmolality of the surrounding fluids in both the male and the female tracts on their journey from the testis to the ovum. Sperm volume regulation in response to such osmotic challenges is important to maintain a stable cell size for the normal shape and function of the sperm tail. Alongside ion channels for the fluxes of osmolytes, water channels would be crucial for sperm volume regulation. In contrast to the deep knowledge and numerous studies on somatic cell aquaporins (AQPs), the understanding of sperm AQPs is limited. Among the 13 AQPs, convincing evidence for their presence in spermatozoa has been confined to AQP7, AQP8 and AQP11. Overall, current findings indicate a major role of AQP8 in water influx and efflux for sperm volume regulation, which is required for natural fertilization. The preliminary data suggestive of a role for AQP7 in sperm glycerol metabolism needs further substantiation. The association of AQP11 with the residual cytoplasm of elongated spermatids and the distal tail of spermatozoa supports the hypothesis of more than just a role in conferring water permeability and also in the turnover and recycling of surplus cellular components made redundant during spermiogenesis and spermiation. This would be crucial for the maintenance of a germinal epithelium functioning efficiently in the production of spermatozoa. © 2010 AJA, SIMM & SJTU All rights reserved.
Trimborn A.,Senckenberg Institute |
Senf B.,Goethe University Frankfurt |
Muenstedt K.,Justus Liebig University |
Buentzel J.,Municipal Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2013
Background: Cancer patients often use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), yet discussion with the oncologist is often missing and oncologists lack knowledge in CAM. Patients and methods: In order to learn more about the attitude of professionals in oncology toward CAM, a survey was conducted on employees of a German university clinic using a structured questionnaire. Results: In total, 547 employees took part in the survey. One-third would definitely use CAM on cancer patients. Female employees are more interested in CAM than males (80%versus 20%; P = 0.001); physicians are less interested than nurses (57% versus 72%; P = 0.008). 2.5% of physicians and 9% of nurses are convinced that CAM is as effective as conventional therapy in cancer. Fifty-two percent of physicians and 12% of nurses agree that adverse effects due to CAM may be possible. Seventy-three percent did not consider themselves adequately informed on CAM for their professional work. Conclusions: As a substantial part of participants would use CAM on cancer patients and most are interested in but not trained on this topic, there is a need for training of professionals from different professions working in oncology. © The Author 2013.
Stel V.S.,University of Amsterdam |
Van De Luijtgaarden M.W.M.,University of Amsterdam |
Wanner C.,University Clinic |
Jager K.J.,University of Amsterdam
NDT Plus | Year: 2011
Background. This study provides a summary of the 2008 ERAEDTA Registry Report (this report is available at www.era-edta-reg.org).Methods. The data on renal replacement therapy (RRT) were available from 55 national and regional registries in 30 countries in Europe and bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Datasets with individual patient data were received from 36 registries, whereas 19 registries contributed data in aggregated form. We presented incidence and prevalence of RRT, and transplant rates. Survival analysis was solely based on individual patient records.Results. In 2008, the overall incidence rate of RRT for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among all registries reporting to the ERAEDTA Registry was 122 per million population (pmp), and the prevalence was 644 pmp. Incidence rates varied from 264 pmp in Turkey to 15 pmp in Ukraine. The mean age of patients starting RRT in 2008 ranged from 69 years in Dutch-speaking Belgium to 44 years in Ukraine. The highest prevalence of RRT for ESRD was reported by Portugal (1408 pmp) and the lowest by Ukraine (89 pmp). The prevalence of haemodialysis on 31 December 2008 ranged from 66 pmp (Ukraine) to 875 pmp (Portugal) and the prevalence of peritoneal dialysis from 8 pmp (Montenegro) to 115 pmp (Denmark). In Norway, 70% of the patients on RRT on 31 December 2008 were living with a functioning graft (572 pmp). In 2008, the number of transplants performed pmp was highest in Spain (Catalonia) (64 pmp), whereas the highest transplant rates with living-donor kidneys were reported from the Netherlands (25 pmp) and Norway (21 pmp). In the cohort 19992003, the unadjusted 1-, 2-and 5-year survival of patients on RRT was 80.8% (95% CI: 80.681.0), 69.1% (95% CI: 68.969.3) and 46.1% (95% CI: 45.946.3), respectively. © 2010 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.
Pavlidis P.,Katholisches Klinikum Koblenz |
Gouveris H.,University Clinic |
Anogeianaki A.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki |
Koutsonikolas D.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki |
And 2 more authors.
Chemical Senses | Year: 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate age-related changes in electrogustometry (EGM) thresholds, in morphology and density of the fungiform papillae (fPap) and in vessels' shape and density at the tip of the human tongue.In 156 nonsmokers (74 males, 82 females; age range: 10-80 years), divided in age groups, EGM thresholds at the chorda tympani area, at the soft palate area, and at the area of the vallate papillae were recorded bilaterally. Morphology and density of the fPap and blood vessels' density and morphology at the tip of the tongue were examined using contact endoscopy (CE). EGM thresholds at the chorda tympani area were significantly higher in both men and women ←60 years of age than in younger individuals. At the soft-palatine area, EGM thresholds were significantly higher in men aged 20-29 years and ←60 years compared with men of other age groups. In women older than 50 years, thresholds at all 3 areas were significantly higher than in the younger age groups. No significant differences in EGM thresholds between the two sexes at all locations tested were detected. The density of fPap decreased significantly in men aged >50 years and in women aged >60 years compared with younger individuals. Vascular density decreased significantly and vascular morphology worsened at the tip of the tongue in subjects older than 60 years of age compared with younger subjects. The study showed statistically significant differences in EGM thresholds between the right and the left side of the tongue and between the two sexes. Aging is associated with a progressive increase in EGM thresholds. Density of fPap plays an important role for taste acuity in females aged >60 years and males aged ←50 years. Morphology of fPap and vessels' density and morphology at the tip of the tongue, as tested by CE, emerge as factors influencing taste function in subjects of both sexes aged >60 years. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
Genzel L.,Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry |
Kiefer T.,Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry |
Renner L.,Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry |
Wehrle R.,Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry |
And 5 more authors.
Psychoneuroendocrinology | Year: 2012
The benefit of sleep in general for memory consolidation is well known. The relevance of sleep characteristics and the influence of hormones are not well studied. We explored the effects of a nap on memory consolidation of motor (finger-tapping-task) and verbal (associated-word-pairs) tasks in following settings: A: young, healthy males and females during early-follicular phase (. n=. 40) and B: females during mid-luteal and early-follicular phase in the menstrual cycle (. n=. 15).We found a sex and in women a menstrual cycle effect on memory performance following a nap. Men performed significantly better after a nap and women did so only in the mid-luteal phase of their menstrual cycle. Only the men and the women in their mid-luteal phase experienced a significant increase in spindle activity after learning. Furthermore, in women estrogen correlated significantly with the offline change in declarative learning and progesterone with motor learning. The ratio of the 2nd and 4th digit, which has been associated to fetal sex hormones and cognitive sex differences, significantly predicted the average performance of the female subjects in the learning tasks.Our results demonstrate that sleep-related memory consolidation has a higher complexity and more influencing factors than previously assumed. There is a sex and menstrual cycle effect, which seems to be mediated by female hormones and sleep spindles. Further, contrary to previous reports, consolidation of a simple motor task can be induced by a 45. min NREM sleep nap, thus not dependent on REM sleep. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.