Villard O.,University of Strasbourg |
Cimon B.,Institut Universitaire de France |
Franck J.,Laboratoire Of Parasitologie Mycologie |
Fricker-Hidalgo H.,Joseph Fourier University |
And 62 more authors.
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2012
Six agglutination tests for detecting Toxoplasma gondii-specific antibodies (immunoglobulin G or M) in serum were performed and compared. In total, 599 sera were examined using direct and indirect agglutination assays. Sensitivity varied from 93.7% to 100% and specificity from 97.1% to 99.2%. In a selected population with interfering diseases, the percentage of false positives ranged from 4.3% to 10.9%. Although an overall agreement of 100% was found for chronic toxoplasmosis, sensitivity for the detection of confirmed acute toxoplasmosis ranged from 86.4% to 97.3%. Regarding the large variability in terms of the performance of the 6 assays, tests based on the hemagglutination principle were found to be better than the other agglutination tests for all the panels evaluated, meaning that they could be used as qualitative or semiquantitative low-cost screening assays. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.