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Castellanza, Italy

Since its first edition, published in 1984, the International Vocabulary of Metrology (VIM) has become a landmark for the language of measurement, and in its three editions it has evolved together with the evolution of measurement science and its applications. This paper discusses the fundamental features of the VIM as a concept system and proposes some highlights about the way in the VIM some basic and general concepts of measurement have changed their definitions in the last thirty years. © 2015 BIPM & IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

Manzini R.,University Cattaneo
2013 International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation, ICE 2013 and IEEE International Technology Management Conference, ITMC 2013

Technology intelligence is becoming increasingly relevant in this economic crisis, as a managerial process that stimulates and supports radical innovation and the creation of new business. Technology scanning, i.e. learning about any technological development which could have an impact on the future (Mortara et al., 2008) is probably the most difficult type of technology intelligence process. At the moment, the literature on technology intelligence does not yet provide a model for technology scanning aimed at supporting radical innovation. The paper aims at filling this gap and proposes a theoretical model for technology scanning. The model is then applied and tested in an Italian company operating in the industrial machinery industry, in the context of radical innovation. The results of the application allows to discuss the applicability and generalization of the model, and give some suggestions for future research on the topic. © 2013 IEEE. Source

Giordani A.,University of Milan | Mari L.,University Cattaneo
Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation

An appropriate characterization of property types is an important topic for measurement science. On the basis of a set-theoretic model of evaluation and measurement processes, the paper introduces the operative concept of property evaluation type, and discusses how property types are related to, and in fact can be derived from, property evaluation types, by finally analyzing the consequences of these distinctions for the concepts of 'property' used in the International Vocabulary of Metrology - Basic and General Concepts and Associated Terms (VIM3). © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Rebora G.,University Cattaneo | Turri M.,University of Milan
Research Policy

In the UK the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) is being replaced by the Research Excellence Framework (REF); similarly, in Italy the former Research Evaluation Exercise (VTR 2001-2003) has been revised and extended and a new cycle of assessment was activated in Autumn 2011 (VQR 2004-2010). The analysis of the development and the consequences of both British and Italian assessment exercises is carried out on the basis of three theoretical frameworks - new public management (NPM), neo-institutional sociology (NIS), and organisational control theory (OCT). This last framework is crucial because the control systems have an effective sense-making capacity and it also exposes a different awareness about control systems in the British and Italian experiences. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Mari L.,University Cattaneo
20th IMEKO World Congress 2012

Are "the error approach" and "the uncertainty approach" really alternative with one another, as the International Vocabulary of Metrology - Basic and general concepts and associated terms (VIM3) states, so that assuming the latter implies definitely renouncing to maintain a role for truth in measurement? This paper proposes instead that in the encompassing framework of measurement uncertainty some components of error, and therefore truth, thought of in operative sense, remain and should be taken into account as such. Copyright © (2012) by the International Measurement Federation (IMEKO). Source

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