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Baldin E.L.L.,Sao Paulo State University | Beneduzzi R.A.,University Camilo Castelo Branco
Journal of Pest Science | Year: 2010

The objective of this study was to investigate the potential resistance mechanisms to Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) B biotype, in eight Cucurbita pepo varieties. Attractivity, oviposition preference, and nymphal development were evaluated under greenhouse and laboratory conditions. Variety Bianca was the least attractive to adult whiteflies in multi-choice tests. The whiteflies showed oviposition nonpreference (antixenosis) for Novita Plus, Bianca and Sandy in multi-choice test, and similar results were observed in no-choice tests with varieties Bianca, Novita, Caserta Cac and Sandy. Sandy expressed high antibiosis levels against whitefly nymphs, leading to 63. 9% mortality. The high level of resistance in variety Sandy can serve as base for genetic improvement of C.pepo focusing on the development of resistant varieties to B. tabaci B biotype. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Neto O.P.,Texas A&M University | Neto O.P.,University Camilo Castelo Branco | Christou E.A.,Texas A&M University
Journal of Neurophysiology | Year: 2010

Rectification of EMG signals is a common processing step used when performing electroencephalographic-electromyographic (EEG-EMG) coherence and EMG-EMG coherence. It is well known, however, that EMG rectification alters the power spectrum of the recorded EMG signal (interference EMG). The purpose of this study was to determine whether rectification of the EMG signal influences the capability of capturing the oscillatory input to a single EMG signal and the common oscillations between two EMG signals. Several EMG signals were reconstructed from experimentally recorded EMG signals from the surface of the first dorsal interosseus muscle and were manipulated to have an oscillatory input or common input (for pairs of reconstructed EMG signals) at various frequency bands (in Hz: 0-12, 12-30, 30-50, 50-100, 100-150, 150-200, 200-250, 250-300, and 300-400), one at a time. The absolute integral and normalized integral of power, peak power, and peak coherence (for pairs of EMG signals) were quantified from each frequency band. The power spectrum of the interference EMG accurately detected the changes to the oscillatory input to the reconstructed EMG signal, whereas the power spectrum of the rectified EMG did not. Similarly, the EMG-EMG coherence between two interference EMG signals accurately detected the common input to the pairs of reconstructed EMG signals, whereas the EMG-EMG coherence between two rectified EMG signals did not. The frequency band from 12 to 30 Hz in the power spectrum of the rectified EMG and the EMG-EMG coherence between two rectified signals was influenced by the input from 100 to 150 Hz but not from the input from 12 to 30 Hz. The study concludes that the power spectrum of the EMG and EMG-EMG coherence should be performed on interference EMG signals and not on rectified EMG signals because rectification impairs the identification of the oscillatory input to a single EMG signal and the common oscillatory input between two EMG signals. © 2010 The American Physiological Society.

Neto O.P.,Texas A&M University | Neto O.P.,University Camilo Castelo Branco | Baweja H.S.,Texas A&M University | Christou E.A.,Texas A&M University
Muscle and Nerve | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to compare the capability of interference and rectified electromyography (EMG) to detect changes in the beta (13-30-HZ) and Piper (30-60-HZ) bands when voluntary force is increased. Twenty adults exerted a constant force abduction of the index finger at 15% and 50% of maximum. The common oscillations at various frequency bands (0-500 HZ) were estimated from the first dorsal interosseous muscle using cross wavelets of interference and rectified EMG. For the interference EMG signals, normalized power significantly (P < 0.01) increased with force in the beta (9.0 ± 0.9 vs. 15.5 ± 2.1%) and Piper (13.6 ± 0.9 vs. 21 ± 1.7%) bands. For rectified EMG signals, however, the beta and Piper bands remained unchanged (P > 0.4). Although rectified EMG is used in many clinical studies to identify changes in the oscillatory drive to the muscle, our findings suggest that only interference EMG can accurately capture the increase in oscillatory drive from 13 to 60 HZ with voluntary force. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Pilla V.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Munin E.,University Camilo Castelo Branco
Journal of Nanoparticle Research | Year: 2012

The thermo-optical parameters of cadmium selenide/zinc sulfide (CdSe/ZnS) core-shell quantum dots (QDs) suspended in aqueous solutions were measured using a Thermal Lens (TL) technique. TL transient measurements were performed using the mode-mismatched dual-beam (excitation and probe) configuration. A He-Ne laser at kp = 632.8 nm was used as the probe beam, and an Ar? laser (at ke = 514.5 nm) was used as the excitation beam to study the effect of the core sizes (2-4 nm) of CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals functionalized with amine (R-NH2) or carboxyl (R-COOH) groups. The average values of the thermal diffusivity D = (1.48 ± 0.06) 9 10-3 cm2/s obtained for QDs samples are in good agreement with the pure water solvent result. The fraction thermal load (u) and radiative quantum efficiencies (g) of the functionalized CdSe/ZnS QDs were determined and compared with non-functionalized CdSe/ZnSQDs. The obtained g values for non-functionalized CdSe/ZnSare slightly higher than those for theQDs functionalized with amine or carboxyl groups. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012.

Cassenote A.J.F.,University of Sao Paulo | Pinto Neto J.M.,University Camilo Castelo Branco | Rubinsky-Elefant G.,University of Sao Paulo
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2014

Background:Toxocariasis is a worldwide helminthic zoonosis caused by infection with the larvae of the ascarid worms that comprise the Toxocara spp. Children are particularly prone to infection because they are exposed to the eggs in sandboxes and playgrounds contaminated with dog and cat feces. Certain behaviors, such as a geophagy habit, poor personal hygiene, a lack of parental supervision, close contact with young dogs, and ingestion of raw meat, as well as gender, age, and socioeconomic status, affect the prevalence of the disease. However, previous studies of the risk factors for toxocariasis have generally produced inconsistent results. An epidemiological cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the seroprevalence of IgG anti-Toxocara spp. antibodies and associated factors in schoolchildren from a region in the southeast of Brazil.Methodology/Principal Findings:A total of 252 schoolchildren aged 1 to 12 years (120 males and 132 females) were assessed. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on Toxocara canis larval excretory-secretory antigens was used to determine outcomes. A questionnaire was used to collect information on children, family, and home characteristics. Clinical and laboratory data completed the dataset investigated in this study. Seroprevalence was 15.5% (95%CI 11.5-19.8). Geophagy (aPR 2.38 [95%CI 1.36-4.18], p-value 0.029) and the habit of hand washing before meals (aPR 0.04 [95%CI 0.01-0.11], p-value ≤0.001) were factors associated with increased and decreased seroprevalence, respectively. The income factor and its related variables lost statistical significance after adjustment with a multiple Poisson regression model.Conclusions/Significance:The current study confirms that toxocariasis is a public health problem in the evaluated area; modifiable factors such as soil contact and personal hygiene appear to have a greater influence on the acquisition of infection than sociodemographic attributes, thus representing direct targets for disease prevention and control. © 2014 Cassenote et al.

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