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Albany, NY, United States

The University at Albany, known officially as University at Albany, State University of New York, is a research institution with campuses in Albany, Guilderland, and Rensselaer, New York, United States. The oldest university campus of the State University of New York system, founded in 1844, it carries out undergraduate and graduate education, research, and service.The University has three campuses: the Uptown Campus in Albany and Guilderland's McKownville neighborhood, the Downtown Campus in Albany, and the East Campus in the City of Rensselaer, just across the Hudson River from Albany. The University enrolls more than 17,300 students in nine schools and colleges, which offer 50 undergraduate majors and 138 graduate degree programs. The University's academic choices include new and emerging fields in public policy, globalization, documentary studies, biotechnology and informatics.Students take advantage of more than 500 study-abroad programs, as well as internship opportunities in New York’s capital and surrounding region. The Honors College, which opened in fall 2006, offers opportunities for the well-prepared students to work closely with faculty. The University at Albany faculty had $330.5 million in research expenditures in 2011-2012 for work advancing discovery in a wide range of fields. The research enterprise is in four areas: social science and public policy, life science and atmospheric science.In addition to offering many cultural benefits, such as a contemporary art museum and the New York State Writers Institute, UAlbany plays a major role in the economic development of the Capital District and New York State. An economic impact study in 2004 estimated UAlbany’s economic impact to be $1.1 billion annually in New York State — $1 billion of that in the Capital District Wikipedia.

Pickett J.T.,University at Albany | Baker T.,Virginia Commonwealth University
Criminology | Year: 2014

Scholars widely agree that the public is pragmatic about criminal justice. The empirical basis for this conclusion is the failure in several previous studies to find a sizable negative relationship between dispositional and situational crime attributions, or between support for punitive and rehabilitative crime policies. We suggest, however, that public pragmatism may be an artifact of the use of unidirectional question batteries in prior research to measure attribution styles and policy support. When such questions are used, acquiescent responding can introduce systematic error that is positively correlated across items and scales. Drawing on data from an experiment with a national sample (N = 826) of Internet panelists, we examine how this methodological approach impacts the bivariate correlations and multivariate relationships between attribution styles and between support for punitive and rehabilitative crime policies. The findings reveal that using unidirectional sets of questions to measure these concepts likely results in 1) inflated alpha reliability coefficients, 2) an underestimation of the magnitude of the negative relationships between attribution styles and between punitiveness and support for rehabilitation, and 3) an underestimation of the extent to which punitiveness and support for rehabilitation are driven by the same factors, working in opposite directions. © 2014 American Society of Criminology. Source

Dai A.,U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research | Dai A.,University at Albany
Climate Dynamics | Year: 2013

Precipitation over the contiguous United States exhibits large multi-decadal oscillations since the early twentieth century, and they often lead to dry (e.g., 1946-1976 and 1999-present) and wet (e.g., 1977-1998) periods and apparent precipitation trends (e.g., from the 1950s to 1990s) over most of the western and central US. The exact cause of these inter-decadal variations is not fully understood. Using observational and reanalysis data and model simulations, this paper examines the influence of the Inter-decadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) on US precipitation. The IPO is a leading mode of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) seen mostly in the Pacific Ocean. It is found that decadal precipitation variations over much of the West and Central US, especially the Southwest, closely follow the evolution of the IPO (r = 0.85 during 1923-2010 for the Southwest US), and the dry and wet periods are associated, respectively, with the cold and warm phases of the IPO. In particular, the apparent upward trend from the 1950s-1990s and the dry decade thereafter in precipitation over much of the West and Central US are largely caused by the IPO cycles, which switched to a warm phase around 1977 and back to a cold phase around 1999. An atmospheric model forced with observed SSTs reproduces much of this association of US precipitation with the IPO (r = 0.95 between smoothed observed and simulated Southwest US precipitation during 1950-2009 and r = 0.88 between the simulated Southwest US precipitation and the IPO). Atmospheric reanalysis and model data both show a strong high (low) pressure center and anti-cyclonic (cyclonic) anomaly circulation over the North Pacific in the lower troposphere during cold (warm) phases of the IPO, which lead to dry and cold northwesterly and northerly winds and below-normal precipitation over much of the West US during IPO cold periods. The IPO induced changes are most pronounced during the boreal cold season. The results reinforce the notion that tropical Pacific SSTs (and the accompanying SST anomalies in the North Pacific) have large impacts on US precipitation and highlight the need to understand and simulate the IPO for decadal prediction of US precipitation. © 2012 Springer-Verlag. Source

Muraven M.,University at Albany
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors | Year: 2010

Recent research has suggested that practicing small acts of self-control can lead to an improvement in self-control performance. Because smoking cessation requires self-control, it was hypothesized that a treatment that builds self-control should help in quitting smoking. A total of 122 smokers either practiced small acts of self-control for 2 weeks before quitting smoking or practiced a task that increased their awareness of self-control or feelings of confidence, without exercising self-control. Their smoking status was assessed using daily telephone calls and biochemically verified. Individuals who practiced self-control remained abstinent longer than those who practiced tasks that did not require self-control. Supplemental analyses suggested that the increased survival times were a product of building self-control strength and were not produced by changes in feelings that practicing should help in cessation, effort exerted on the practice task, or thinking more about self-control while practicing. © 2010 American Psychological Association. Source

Inasmuch as therapist responsiveness is the crucial ingredient in psychotherapy success, teaching supervisees to be optimally responsive to their clients is the primary function of supervision. Responsive supervision is particularly critical when a trainee experiences a faltering or problematic working alliance with a client. In this article, I describe and illustrate how supervisors can work responsively, both explicitly (through instruction) and implicitly (through modeling) when their supervisees report a serious alliance rupture. Next, I illustrate, with the same case example, how quickly ruptures in the therapeutic alliance can lead to ruptures in the supervisory alliance when the supervisor is not sufficiently responsive to the trainee's needs and, instead, relies exclusively on case management. Throughout the article, I discuss how the construct of responsiveness fits within the substantial body of theory and research on relational processes in supervision. © 2014 American Psychological Association. Source

Welsh J.,University at Albany
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology | Year: 2011

1α,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25D) mediates growth inhibition and terminal differentiation in mammary epithelial cells via interaction with the vitamin D receptor (VDR). This review focuses on the concept that cells in the mammary gland express the vitamin D metabolizing enzyme CYP27B1 which converts the circulating vitamin D metabolite 25D to the active metabolite 1,25D. In support of this concept, CYP27B1 is developmentally regulated in mouse mammary gland, with highest levels found during pregnancy and lactation. In addition, human mammary cells cultured from normal breast tissue express VDR, CYP27B1 and the megalin-cubilin complex that facilitates internalization of 25D complexed with the vitamin D binding protein. When incubated with physiological concentrations of 25D, human mammary cells synthesize 1,25D in sufficient quantities to mediate growth inhibition. However, emerging evidence suggests that deregulation of VDR and CYP27B1 occurs during cancer development and contributes to abrogation of the tumor suppressive effects triggered by 25D. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

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