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Fernandez M.,University of Costa Rica | Fernandez M.,Autonomous University of Chiriqui | Bogarin D.,University of Costa Rica | Bogarin D.,Autonomous University of Chiriqui | Bogarin D.,University Alfredo Perez Guerrero
Brittonia | Year: 2013

Trichosalpinx sanctuarii, a new species of Orchidaceae, subtribe Pleurothallidinae, is described and illustrated. It most resembles T. ringens, from which it is distinguished in the text. The new species is endemic to Costa Rica. © 2012 The New York Botanical Garden.


Bogarin D.,University of Costa Rica | Bogarin D.,Autonomous University of Chiriqui | Bogarin D.,University Alfredo Perez Guerrero | Smith C.M.,University of Costa Rica | Jimenez D.,University of Costa Rica
Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas | Year: 2012

We revise and characterize the group of species close to Lepanthes ovalis. Three new species from Costa Rica are described and illustrated. Lepanthes dikoensis Bogarín & C.M. Sm., sp. nov. is similar to L. viridis but differs mainly by the smaller leaves (to 4 cm long) and smaller flowers (to 6.5 mm in diameter), the glabrous petals with the lower lobe ovate, falcate, shorter than the lobes of the lip, both lobes yellow with red-orange and scarlet, the lip scarlet, apically yellowish and the appendix oblong Lepanthes expansilabia Bogarín & C.M. Sm., sp. nov. is similar to L. erinacea but differs by the pendent plants, the petals with the lobes oblong, subsimilar, the lower lobe yellow, the lip spreading with the lobes separated and not touching each other, leaving the appendix exposed. Lepanthes tarrazuensis Bogarín & D. Jiménez, sp. nov. is similar to L. seegeri but differs in the glabrous petals, the lip glabrous with ciliate apices, the upper lobe of petals truncate, without lobules at the inner apical corner, the petals and lip basally red, tinged with yellow-orange at apex, the blades of the lip touching each other above the column and the appendix shorter, not extending far from the column. An illustration of L. erinacea, a key to the species of the group and a table summarizing the differences between the Costa Rican taxa are provided.


Bogarin D.,University of Costa Rica | Bogarin D.,University Alfredo Perez Guerrero | Pupulin F.,University of Costa Rica | Pupulin F.,University Alfredo Perez Guerrero | Pupulin F.,Harvard University
Harvard Papers in Botany | Year: 2010

A taxonomic revision of Campylocentrum (Orchidaceae) in Costa Rica is presented. The taxonomic history of the genus and its phylogenetic position are discussed. Characters of vegetative and floral morphology are treated, and their taxonomic significance is discussed. The genus is treated as comprising nine species in the country, and a key to species is provided. Each taxon is described on the basis of Costa Rican material, illustrated in a composite plate, and its distribution within the country is assessed. Distribution maps for all the taxa are given. Overall distribution, derivation of name, notes on species ecology, and diagnostic features are presented for each taxon. The names C. parvulum Schltr. and C. multiflorum Schltr. are neotypified. A new species from Costa Rica, C. generalense, is described and illustrated. © 2010 President and Fellows of Harvard College.


Pupulin F.,University of Costa Rica | Pupulin F.,Harvard University | Bogarin D.,University of Costa Rica | Bogarin D.,University Alfredo Perez Guerrero
Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid | Year: 2014

We revise and characterize the group of species close to Lepanthes guatemalensis. The group comprises eight species in Costa Rica. Three new species are described and illustrated. Lepanthes durikäensis is distinguished by the non resupinate flowers, the lateral sepals ovate with the apical tails diverging, the lower lobe of petals lanceolate-subfalcate, up-curved and the pinkish column. Lepanthes leporina is recognized by the resupinate flowers with yellow sepals, faintly suffused with red, the petals violet, the lip orange, the bifid synsepal with the apices of the lateral sepals not forming tails, the lateral sepals subequal to the dorsal sepal, the petals markedly convex with the upper lobe elliptic-lanceolate and the lobes of the lip connivent at apex. Lepanthes sanctiorum is characterized by the small plants less than 1.1 cm tall, the short peduncle less than 10 mm long, the petals as wide as the lip length and the blades of the lip distinctly diverging at apex. All the species are described and illustrated on the basis of Costa Rican material. A key to the species of the group is provided.


Bogarin D.,University of Costa Rica | Bogarin D.,Autonomous University of Chiriqui | Bogarin D.,University Alfredo Perez Guerrero | Pupulin F.,University of Costa Rica | And 4 more authors.
Lankesteriana | Year: 2013

The Mesoamerican region is one of the richest in orchid diversity in the world. About 2670 species, 10% of all orchids known have been recorded there. Within this region, most of the species are concentrated in the southernmost countries. Costa Rica with 1598 species (or 0.030 spp/km2) and Panama with 1397 species (0.018 spp/km2) stand at the top of endemic species list of all Mesoamerica, with 35.37% and 28.52%, respectively. These figures, however, are misleading, as political boundaries do not have any relationship to orchid diversity. If we ignore the political frontier, there is a common biogeographic area. However, if we put the border back, the numbers in terms of scientific production and research change dramatically. Costa Rica has increased the knowledge of its orchid flora through the establishment of a successful research system, whereas Panama has lacked a similar process. To address this problem, the Lankester Botanical Garden at the Universidad de Costa Rica and the Universidad Autónoma de Chiriquí, Panama, established a new research center focused on the study of orchids. The aim of the cooperation is to provide the methodology, information, and expertise for a long-term project on taxonomy and systematics of the orchids of Panama.


Pupulin F.,University of Costa Rica | Pupulin F.,University Alfredo Perez Guerrero | Pupulin F.,Harvard University | Bogarin D.,University of Costa Rica | Bogarin D.,University Alfredo Perez Guerrero
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society | Year: 2012

A taxonomic revision of Encyclia (Orchidaceae) in Costa Rica is presented. The taxonomic history of the genus and its phylogenetic position are discussed. Characters of vegetative and floral morphology are described and their taxonomic significance is discussed. The genus is treated as comprising nine species in the country and a key to species is provided. Each taxon is described on the basis of Costa Rican material, illustrated in a composite plate, and its distribution within the country is assessed. Distribution maps for all the taxa are given. Overall distribution, derivation of name, synonymy, notes on species ecology and diagnostic features are presented for each taxon. The names Encyclia tonduziana and Epidendrum mooreanum are typified. © 2012 The Linnean Society of London.

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