Time filter

Source Type

Sekudai, Malaysia

Marghany M.,UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia
International Journal of Physical Sciences | Year: 2011

This paper presents work done to utilize RADARSAT-1 synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data to reconstruct 3-D of coastal water front. The velocity bunching model was used to extract the significant wave height from RADARSAT-1 SAR, while the Volterra model was used to model the front movements. B-spline also was implemented to reconstruct the front into 3-D. This study shows that the integration between velocity bunching, Volterra models and B-spline can be used as geomatica tool for 3-D front reconstruction. Source

Pohl C.,UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science | Year: 2014

With Malaysia being the second largest palm oil producer in the world and the fact that palm oil ranks first in vegetable oil production on the world market the palm oil industry became an important factor in the country. Along with the expansion of palm oil across the nation causing deforestation of natural rain forest and conversion of peat land into plantation land there are several factors causing a tremendous increase in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Main causes of CO2 emission apart from deforestation and peat-land conversion are the fires to create plantation land plus the fires burning waste products of the plantations itself. This paper describes a project that aims at the development of a remote sensing monitoring system to allow a continuous observation of oil palm plantation activities and expansion in order to be able to quantify CO2 emissions. The research concentrates on developing a spaceborne synthetic aperture radar information extraction system for palm oil plantations in the Tropics. This will lead to objective figures that can be used internationally to create a policy implementation plan to sustainably reduce CO2 emission in the future. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

Vanaki S.M.,University of Malaya | Ganesan P.,University of Malaya | Mohammed H.A.,UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2016

The recent development of nanotechnology led to the concept of using suspended nanoparticles in heat transfer fluids to improve the heat transfer coefficient of the base fluids. Specifically, numerical studies are reviewed in this study to get a clear view and detailed summary of the influence of several parameters such as type of nanoparticle and host liquid, particle volume concentration, particle size, particle shape, Brownian diffusion and thermophoresis effect on hydrodynamic and thermal characteristics of convective heat transfer using nanofluids. In addition, the paper provides detailed information about the most of commonly-used correlations which are utilized to predict the effective thermophysical properties of nanofluids. Finally, the main aim upon which the present work is based is to give a comprehensive review on different CFD approaches employed in numerical simulation of nanofluid flow, address the pros and cons of each approach, and find the suitable technique which gives more credible results as compared to experimental results. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source

Shenvi S.,National Institute of Technology Karnataka | Ismail A.F.,UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia | Isloor A.M.,National Institute of Technology Karnataka
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research | Year: 2014

A cellulose acetate (CA)-based ultrafiltration membrane was prepared by incorporation of mechanically strong, sulfonated poly(1,4-phenylene ether ether sulfone) (SPEES) to which hydrolyzed poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) (PSMA) was added as a novel additive. The preparation of SPEES was investigated in detail. SPEES having a degree of sulfonation of 21%, was more suitable for the blend. The chemical constitutions of SPEES, PSMA, and the blend membranes were confirmed by attenuated total reflectance fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The scanning electron microscopy images revealed finger-like projections in the membrane structure. The performance of the membranes was analyzed on the basis of water content, porosity, flux, and antifouling studies. A membrane comprising 30% SPEES and 2% additive showed superior performance with flux and flux recovery ratio of 228 L/(m2 h) and 91%, respectively. It was concluded that the prepared membranes showed better performance in comparison with neat CA membranes. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

Nordin N.A.H.M.,UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia | Ismail A.F.,UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia | Mustafa A.,UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia | Murali R.S.,UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia | Matsuura T.,University of Ottawa
RSC Advances | Year: 2014

In this study, zeolitic imidazole framework 8 (ZIF-8) particles of different sizes were synthesized in aqueous media by varying the concentration of the base-type additive, triethylamine (TEA). ZIF-8 with particle sizes of ∼134 nm and ∼288 nm with surface areas of 418.44 m2 g-1 and 491.54 m2 g-1 were obtained without altering the crystalline structure. Synthesized ZIF-8 was further heat treated at 100 °C for a minimum of 12 hours, which led to an enhancement of its phase crystallinity and a surface area of 981.1 m2 g-1. Mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) were prepared via the dry-wet phase inversion method by dispersing as-synthesized ZIF-8s, heat-treated ZIF-8s and commercial ZIF-8 (∼493 nm) into a polysulfone (PSf) matrix. The thermal stability and mechanical strength of the membranes showed significant improvement after the incorporation of ZIF-8s. The MMMs were further subjected to the permeation experiments of CO2 and CH4. Although the majority of MMMs showed less selectivity than the neat PSf membrane, the incorporation of heat-treated ZIF-8 of the smallest size, exhibited CO2/CH4 selectivity of 28.5, which is significantly higher than the 19.43 obtained for the neat PSf membrane. Therefore, different ZIF-8 treatment protocols and particle sizes affect the MMMs performance significantly. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014. Source

Discover hidden collaborations