Shennan S.J.,University College London |
Crema E.R.,University College London |
Kerig T.,University College London |
Kerig T.,Universities of Cologne and Bonn
Evolution and Human Behavior | Year: 2015
Recently there has been growing interest in characterising population structure in cultural data in the context of ongoing debates about the potential of cultural group selection as an evolutionary process. Here we use archaeological data for this purpose, which brings in a temporal as well as spatial dimension. We analyse two distinct material cultures (pottery and personal ornaments) from Neolithic Europe, in order to: a) determine whether archaeologically defined "cultures" exhibit marked discontinuities in space and time, supporting the existence of a population structure, or merely isolation-by-distance; and b) investigate the extent to which cultures can be conceived as structuring "cores" or as multiple and historically independent "packages". Our results support the existence of a robust population structure comparable to previous studies on human culture, and show how the two material cultures exhibit profound differences in their spatial and temporal structuring, signalling different evolutionary trajectories. © 2015 The Authors.
Domrose C.M.,University of Bonn |
Domrose C.M.,Universities of Cologne and Bonn |
Keyver-Paik M.-D.,University of Bonn |
Keyver-Paik M.-D.,Universities of Cologne and Bonn |
And 5 more authors.
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2016
Purpose: To analyze the trends and developments among journals in the specialty of obstetrics and gynecology. Methods: Using the Journal Citation Reports from 2007 to 2013, we analyzed the impact factor (IF), Eigenfactor® Score (ES), and Article Influence® Score (AIS) of 43 journals in the field of obstetrics and gynecology published in this time period. Results: From 78 journals of the Journal Citation Report 2013, 43 were selected for this study. The mean IF grew from 1.68 ± 0.97 in 2007 to 2.12 ± 1.05 in 2013, the ES from 0.0113 ± 0.0169 to 0.0114 ± 0.0140, and the AIS from 0.513 ± 0.302 to 0.663 ± 0.359. Differences in the IF, ES, and AIS between journals from the United States versus Europe could be observed. In most cases, the IF, ES, and AIS increased between 2007 and 2013. Strong correlations could be found between IF, AIS, and ES. Conclusions: The overall mean IF for obstetrical and gynecological journals increased over the analyzed time period. The IF remains the standard measure to compare scientific journals. It correlates well with two major alternative measures of scientific impact, the ES and especially the AIS. Other measures are evolving and might show superior usage in the future. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.