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Lissner J.,Universitetsparken | Chatzaki M.,Democritus University of Thrace
Arachnology | Year: 2016

Altella emilieae Lissner, n. sp. is described from specimens collected from a beach in Crete and in upwash on the coast of Telendos, Dodecanese islands, Greece. The affinity of this species to its congeners and its ecology is briefly discussed. © 2016, British Arachnological Society. All rights reserved.

Legendre L.J.,CNRS Institute of Earth Sciences | Bourdon E.,Universitetsparken | Scofield R.P.,Canterbury Museum | Tennyson A.J.D.,Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa | And 3 more authors.
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society | Year: 2014

The presence of a phylogenetic signal in the variation of osteohistological features has been recently debated in the literature. Previous studies have found a significant signal for some features, but these results were obtained on a small amount of characters and a reduced sample. Here we perform a comprehensive study in which we quantify the phylogenetic signal on 62 osteohistological features in an exhaustive sample of palaeognathous birds. We used four different estimators to measure phylogenetic signal - Pagel's λ, Abouheif's Cmean, Blomberg's K, and Diniz-Filho's phylogenetic eigenvector regressions PVR - and four topologies taken from the literature. Bone size and bone vascular density exhibit a strong phylogenetic signal, whereas all but four of the remaining features measured at the histological level - cellular size in caudal and medial transects of femora, and proportion of oblique vascular canals in rostral and caudal transects of tibiotarsi - exhibit a weaker signal. We also found that the impact of the topologies used in the analyses is very low compared with that of sample size. We conclude that the analysis of a comprehensive sample is crucial to obtain reliable quantifications of the phylogenetic signal. © 2014 The Linnean Society of London.

The authors report the results of field research on Gelechiidae from the “Pantano Longarini” salt marsh (southeastern Sicily). The area is located inland to the “Pantani della Sicilia Sud-Orientale” regional nature reserve. A total of twenty-four species are recognized; among the recorded taxa Scrobipalpa peterseni (Povolny´, 1965) is new to Europe, Scrobipalpa bigoti (Povolny´, 1973), Scrobipalpa bradleyi Povolny´ 1971, Scrobipalpa spergulariella (Chrétien, 1910) and Scrobipalpa superstes Povolny´, 1977 are new records for Sicily and Italy, and Syncopacma sangiella (Stainton, 1863) and Scrobipalpa monochromella (Constant, 1895) are new for the Sicilian fauna. © 2015, Soc Hispano-Luso-Amer Lepidopterologia-Shilap. All rights reserved.

Dupont S.,Natural History Museum in London | Simonsen T.J.,Universitetsparken | Zilli A.,Natural History Museum in London
Zootaxa | Year: 2016

The collection of five specimens of Haplopacha at Ndumo Nature Reserve in South Africa highlights unknown species diversity in the monotypic genus. A total of four new species; H. riftensis sp. nov., H. tangani sp. nov., H. lunata sp. nov. and H. ndoumoi sp. nov., were identified in the Natural History Museum of London collection and the study of fresh specimens also revealed the presence of uniquely characteristic alar scale patches absent from the original species description of the genus type species H. cinerea. Based on the new species the descriptions of Haplopacha is amended. The identification of the new species was done using conventional light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy of the general morphology, wing venation and genitalia observations. © 2016 Magnolia Press.

A new ground spider, Berinda idae Lissner spec. nov. is described from material collected in Kalymnos and Nisyros of the Dodecanese Islands, as well as Santorini and Christiani of the Thira island complex, Cyclades, Greece. The affinity of this species to its congeners is briefly discussed. © 2016, Arachnologische Gesellschaft e.V. All rights reserved.

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