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Saint-André-lez-Lille, France

Humbert N.,Universites Of Lille 1 | Navaratnam N.,Imperial College London | Augert A.,Universites Of Lille 1 | Augert A.,University of Lyon | And 10 more authors.
EMBO Journal | Year: 2010

Senescence is an irreversible cell-cycle arrest that is elicited by a wide range of factors, including replicative exhaustion. Emerging evidences suggest that cellular senescence contributes to ageing and acts as a tumour suppressor mechanism. To identify novel genes regulating senescence, we performed a loss-of-function screen on normal human diploid fibroblasts. We show that downregulation of the AMPK-related protein kinase 5 (ARK5 or NUAK1) results in extension of the cellular replicative lifespan. Interestingly, the levels of NUAK1 are upregulated during senescence whereas its ectopic expression triggers a premature senescence. Cells that constitutively express NUAK1 suffer gross aneuploidies and show diminished expression of the genomic stability regulator LATS1, whereas depletion of NUAK1 with shRNA exerts opposite effects. Interestingly, a dominant-negative form of LATS1 phenocopies NUAK1 effects. Moreover, we show that NUAK1 phosphorylates LATS1 at S464 and this has a role in controlling its stability. In summary, our work highlights a novel role for NUAK1 in the control of cellular senescence and cellular ploidy. © 2010 European Molecular Biology Organization.

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