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Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Laeremans H.,50 Universiteitssingel | Rensen S.S.,50 Universiteitssingel | Ottenheijm H.C.J.,50 Universiteitssingel | Smits J.F.M.,50 Universiteitssingel | Blankesteijn W.M.,50 Universiteitssingel
Cardiovascular Research | Year: 2010

AimsThe Wnt/frizzled (Fzd) signal transduction cascade has been implicated in the proliferation, differentiation, and migration of many cell types, but the role of this pathway in cardiac fibroblast differentiation is not known. Our lab previously showed an up-regulation of Fzd-1 and-2 expression in myofibroblasts after myocardial infarction (MI), indicating a potential role for the Fzd receptor in fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation. The present study was performed to further define the role of specific Wnt and Fzd proteins in the proliferation, migration, and differentiation of cardiac fibroblasts.Methods and resultsBecause primary fibroblasts become senescent after a few passages and are difficult to transfect, we immortalized rat cardiac fibroblasts with telomerase [cardiac fibroblasts immortalized with telomerase (CFIT)]. Proliferation of CFIT was not significantly influenced by Wnt/Fzd signalling. The migration, however, was attenuated by all Wnt/Fzd combinations tested. Also, specific Wnt/Fzd combinations modulated the expression of the following myofibroblast markers: collagen I1, collagen III, fibronectin and its splice variants, and-smooth muscle actin.ConclusionThe results indicate that myofibroblast migration and differentiation, but not proliferation, can be modulated by interventions in Wnt/Fzd signalling. Therefore, Wnt/Fzd signalling may serve as a novel therapeutic target to ameliorate wound healing after MI. © 2010 The Author. Source

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