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Milanesio J.,UniversitedeToulouse | Hegel P.,Planta Piloto de Ingenieria Quimica | Medina-Gonzalez Y.,UniversitedeToulouse | Camy S.,UniversitedeToulouse | Condoret J..-S.,UniversitedeToulouse
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology

BACKGROUND: Microorganisms have often been considered for the production of oils and fats as an alternative to agricultural and animal resources. Extraction experiments were performed using a strain of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica (Y. lipolytica), a high-lipid-content yeast. Three different methods were tested: Soxhlet extraction, accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) and supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2) extraction using ethanol as a co-solvent. Also, high pressure solubility measurements in the systems 'CO2 + yeast oil' and 'CO2 + ethanol + yeast oil' were carried out. RESULTS: The solubility experiments determined that, at the conditions of the supercritical extractor (40 °C and 20 MPa), a maximum concentration of 10 mg of yeast oil per g of solvent can be expected in pure CO2. 10% w/w of ethanol in the solvent mixture increased this value to almost 15 mg of yeast oil per g of solvent. Different pretreatments were necessary to obtain satisfactory yields in the extraction experiments. The Soxhlet and the ASE method were not able to complete the lipid extraction. The 'SCCO2 + ethanol' extraction curves revealed the influence of the different pretreatments on the extraction mechanism. CONCLUSION: Evaluating the effectiveness of a given pretreatment, ASE reduced the amount of material and solvent used compared with Soxhlet. In all three cases, the best total extraction performance was obtained for the ethanol-macerated yeast (EtM). Addition of ethanol to the solvent mixture enhanced the oil solubility. Oil can be extracted from Y. lipolytica in two different steps: a non-selective ethanol extraction followed by TAG-selective SCCO2 purification. © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry. Source

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