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Rufer F.,Universitatsklinikum Schleswig Holstein Campus Kiel
Ophthalmologe | Year: 2011

Reliable measurements of the intraocular pressure (IOP) are necessary for glaucoma patients. The measuring procedure, anatomical changes of the eye or extraocular influences can lead to errors during applanation tonometry. The IOP is overestimated if measured through the wrong eyepiece of the slit lamp, if a force is interfering with the tonometer arm during the measurement, if the lid comes into contact with the tonometer tip, if blepharospasm occurs, if there is lid retraction or if a Valsalva maneuver is present. An underestimation of the IOP occurs if staining with fluorescein is absent or insufficient, if the illumination is not bright enough, if a corneal stromal edema is present, after LASIK, during accommodation, during repeated measures within a few minutes or during systemic blood pressure drop. Discrepancies of the IOP in both directions can appear if the calibration of the tonometer is irregular, if abnormal central corneal thickness or astigmatism is present. For correct measurements calibrations are advised once or twice a year. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source


Straschewski S.,University of Ulm | Warmer M.,University of Hamburg | Frascaroli G.,University of Ulm | Hohenberg H.,University of Hamburg | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

Recombinant viruses labelled with fluorescent proteins are useful tools in molecular virology with multiple applications (e.g., studies on intracellular trafficking, protein localization, or gene activity). We generated by homologous recombination three recombinant cytomegaloviruses carrying the enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (EYFP) fused with the viral proteins IE-2, ppUL32 (pp150), and ppUL83 (pp65). In growth kinetics, the three viruses behaved all like wild type, even at low multiplicity of infection (MOI). The expression of all three fusion proteins was detected, and their respective localizations were the same as for the unmodified proteins in wild-type virus-infected cells. We established the in vivo measurement of fluorescence intensity and used the recombinant viruses to measure inhibition of viral replication by neutralizing antibodies or antiviral substances. The use of these viruses in a pilot screen based on fluorescence intensity and high-content analysis identified cellular kinase inhibitors that block viral replication. In summary, these viruses with individually EYFP-tagged proteins will be useful to study antiviral substances and the dynamics of viral infection in cell culture. © 2010 Straschewski et al. Source


Gedamu D.,University of Kiel | Paulowicz I.,University of Kiel | Kaps S.,University of Kiel | Lupan O.,University of Kiel | And 6 more authors.
Advanced Materials | Year: 2014

Two flame-based synthesis methods are presented for fabricating ZnO-nanostructure-based UV photodetectors: burner flame transport synthesis (B-FTS)and crucible flame transport synthesis (C-FTS). B-FTS allows rapid growth of ZnO nanotetrapods and in situ bridging of them into electrical contacts. The photo detector made from interconnected ZnO nanotetrapod networks exhibits fast response/recovery times and a high current ratio under UV illumination. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Jin X.,University of Kiel | Gotz M.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Wille S.,University of Kiel | Wille S.,Universitatsklinikum Schleswig Holstein Campus Kiel | And 3 more authors.
Advanced Materials | Year: 2013

The stress-induced photo-luminescence response of tetrapodal shaped ZnO filler embedded in a silicone elastomer is used to demonstrate a novel concept for self-reporting materials. Applied tensile stress can be followed in composites with low and high filler fractions by measuring the photoluminescence response of the T-ZnO. The deformation of the interlocked ZnO network appears to be essential for the self-reporting mechanism. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Stummer W.,Universitatsklinikum Munster | Tonn J.-C.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Mehdorn H.M.,Universitatsklinikum Schleswig Holstein Campus Kiel | Nestler U.,Universitatsklinikum Giessen | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Neurosurgery | Year: 2011

Object. Accumulating data suggest more aggressive surgery in patients with malignant glioma to improve outcome. However, extended surgery may increase morbidity. The randomized Phase III 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) study investigated 5-ALA-induced fluorescence as a tool for improving resections. An interim analysis demonstrated more frequent complete resections with longer progression-free survival (PFS). However, marginal differences were found regarding neurological deterioration and the frequency of additional therapies. Presently, the authors focus on the latter aspects in the final study population, and attempt to determine how safety might be affected by cytoreductive surgery. Methods. Patients with malignant gliomas were randomized for fluorescence-guided (ALA group) or conventional white light (WL) (WL group) microsurgery. The final intent-to-treat population consisted of 176 patients in the ALA and 173 in the WL group. Primary efficacy variables were contrast-enhancing tumor on early MR imaging and 6-month PFS. Among secondary outcome measures, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIH-SS) score and the Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score were used for assessing neurological function. Results. More frequent complete resections and improved PFS were confirmed, with higher median residual tumor volumes in the WL group (0.5 vs 0 cm3, p = 0.001). Patients in the ALA group had more frequent deterioration on the NIH-SS at 48 hours. Patients at risk were those with deficits unresponsive to steroids. No differences were found in the KPS score. Regarding outcome, a combined end point of risks and neurological deficits was attempted, which demonstrated results in patients in the ALA group to be superior to those in participants in the WL group. Interestingly, the cumulative incidence of repeat surgery was significantly reduced in ALA patients. When stratified by completeness of resection, patients with incomplete resections were quicker to deteriorate neurologically (p = 0.0036). Conclusions. Extended resections performed using a tool such as 5-ALA-derived tumor fluorescence, carries the risk of temporary impairment of neurological function. However, risks are higher in patients with deficits unresponsive to steroids. Source

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