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Bad Münster am Stein-Ebernburg, Germany

In the last two decades there has been a considerable increase in forensic age estimations of living persons in German-speaking and other European countries. Due to the fact that the examination methods applied and the quality of the expert reports showed major differences, a harmonization and quality assurance for providing expert reports was necessary. For this purpose the interdisciplinary "Study Group on Forensic Age Diagnostics" was founded in March 2000 to which 123 scientists from 16 different countries now belong. The scientific meetings of the work group, the realization of proficiency tests, research projects as well as the published recommendations for forensic age diagnostics have notably enhanced the quality of expert reports in the last decades and have therefore significantly contributed to legal certainty. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Livedo vasculopathy is a chronic recurrent disease of the cutaneous circulation and is characterized by episodic occurrence of painful ulcerations of the lower leg. These heal slowly leaving small porcelain-white scars called atrophie blanche. Recent research has shown that livedoid vasculopathy is a coagulation disorder classified as a vasculopathy different from inflammatory vasculitis. Distinguishing between the disorders enhances the pathophysiologic understanding and supports the therapeutic rationale. The prevention of irreversible residual scarring is the main goal in treating cutaneous infarction; prompt treatment is required. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Groll A.H.,Universitatsklinikum Munster | Lumb J.,Medical Writer
Future Microbiology | Year: 2012

Invasive fungal infections continue to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised or severely ill patients. This report highlights new research data presented at the 51st Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy on invasive fungal disease and its treatment. A number of important clinical trials were reported, and there were also interesting presentations on the use of new diagnostic tools, further studies on therapeutic drug monitoring for azoles and updates on several of the emerging fungal pathogens. © 2012 Future Medicine Ltd.

Research biomaterial banks (biobanks) are institutions which collect and prepare samples of human bodily substances (e.g. cells, tissues, body fluids and isolates from them), store personal, health and problem-related data of donors, collate samples and data and make them available in a suitable form for research purposes. The valid legal norms for the utilization and running of biobanks are complex and sometimes necessitate an assessment by the legal guardian. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Informed consent of donors of biomaterials represents an essential pillar of legal conformity of business organizations even for biobanks. For the assessment of self-determination of donors and freedom of research for users of biobanks there is a general consensus on the necessity for a social and individual agreement for the participation of donors in research projects. However, demands are often made for which the legal implementation is at least contentious and can be considered as excessive and biased. In part 2 of this review series the current legal foundation of data protection and informed consent is summarized on the basis of normative and ethical principles. With respect to appropriation of data and biosamples it can be deduced that by conformation to corresponding framework conditions the informed consent of donors in particular can be constructed independent of the project. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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