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Suntrup S.,Universitatsklinikum Munster | Meisel A.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Dziewas R.,Universitatsklinikum Munster | Ende F.,TU Dresden | And 3 more authors.
Nervenarzt | Year: 2012

Background: Due to malnutrition and aspiration pneumonia dysphagia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in acute stroke patients. Early detection of patients at risk of dysphagia leading to timely treatment improves the outcome. Methods: A survey concerning the current state of dysphagia diagnostics and therapy was carried out among certified stoke units in Germany. Results: Of the 163 invited hospitals 51% participated in the study. A standardized dysphagia program lying mainly within the responsibility of speech language therapists (64%) is established in 94%. Main elements are swallowing assessments carried out by nurses (72%) and the clinical swallowing examination (93%). Instrumental diagnostics are available in 55% with videoendoscopy (52%) being more widely used than videofluoroscopy (17%). In the acute stage nutrition with texture modified diets is the primary therapeutic strategy. Conclusions: Structured programs for the diagnosis and treatment of dysphagia have generally been established but individual strategies differ and differences in the quality of care are obvious. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

Nitschke P.,Carl Gustav Carus Universitatsklinikum Dresden | Bork U.,Carl Gustav Carus Universitatsklinikum Dresden | Plodeck V.,Carl Gustav Carus Institute | Podlesek D.,TU Dresden | And 4 more authors.
Chirurg | Year: 2016

Recent advances in preoperative and postoperative imaging have an increasing influence on surgical decision-making and make more complex surgical interventions possible. This improves the possibilities for frequently occurring challenges and promoting improved functional and oncological outcome. This manuscript reviews the role of preoperative and intraoperative imaging in surgery. Various techniques are explained based on examples from hepatobiliary surgery and neurosurgery, in particular real-time procedures, such as the online use of augmented reality and in vivo fluorescence, as well as new and promising optical techniques including imaging of intrinsic signals and vibrational spectroscopy. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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