Potzsch B.,Universitatsklinikum Bonn
Medizinische Klinik - Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin | Year: 2013
Anticoagulant drugs belong to the group of antithrombotic agents and are successfully used in the prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. The use of anticoagulants in the prevention of deep venous thrombosis has significantly lowered the risk of venous thrombosis and fatal pulmonary embolisms even in high-risk situations such as orthopedic surgery. Anticoagulants play a central role in the treatment of acute venous thrombosis and in the prevention of recurrent events. Long-term anticoagulation therapy with orally active anticoagulants significantly reduces the risk of thromboembolic complications in patients showing cardiac arrhythmias. Whereas a few years ago heparins and vitamin K antagonists were the dominant anticoagulants, today a wide range of anticoagulants with improved pharmacological profiles are available. It remains an open question whether these new anticoagulants will improve the efficacy, safety, and acceptance of anticoagulant treatment approaches. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
[Comparative findings of balloon kyphoplasty in patients with vertebral fractures due to osteoporosis, metastases and myeloma]. [Vergleichende Befunderhebungen der Ballonkyphoplastie bei Patienten mit Wirbelkörperfrakturen infolge von Osteoporose, Metastasen und Myelomen.]
Pflugmacher R.,Universitatsklinikum Bonn
Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie | Year: 2012
By evaluations of treatment protocols, the documentation of balloon kyphoplasty regarding efficacy, duration of action and safety should be expanded. In addition, the evaluations should help to clarify the differences in balloon kyphoplasty for patients with vertebral fractures concerning efficacy and safety in relation to the underlying diseases: osteoporosis, bone metastases or myeloma. In order to reposition the endplates of the vertebrae a balloon was inserted after placement of the working channels. After removal of the balloon, the resulting caverns were filled with PMMA. The radiological and clinical follow-up examinations were carried out over a period of up to 3 years. The clinical and radiological findings before and after treatment at specified visits were transferred to a statistical programme and evaluated. The comparisons of the postoperative results according to the initial diagnosis (metastases: n = 222, osteoporosis: n = 122, myeloma: n = 122) demonstrated significant differences with respect to the cement leakage (14 %, 5 %, 7.5 %), but in all cases without any clinical relevance. The small differences related to the reduction in pain intensity (VAS > 50 mm in each group) after surgery were up to 12 months with no clinical significance. Also in the Oswestry score no differences between the 3 groups were registered. In the case of osteoporosis patients, due to the lower starting position a more significant increase of vertebral body height could be achieved by the kyphoplasty than in the comparison groups of patients with metastases or myeloma (∅ 3.1 mm vs. 0.4-0.5 mm; P < 0.001). Consequently, the kyphosis angle decreased in the osteoporotic group also more strongly than in the comparison groups. It is evident that the pain relief in the vast majority of cases started immediately after surgery. Additionally, a significant improvement in functioning (Oswestry score) was registered. Both clinical parameters - as far as they could be checked - showed a steady degree of improvement over a period of at least 3 years. This comparative analysis led to the conclusion that balloon kyphoplasty can be successfully applied indiscriminately in patients with vertebral fractures as a result of osteoporosis and also to fractures associated with bone metastases or with myeloma. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Aretz S.,Universitatsklinikum Bonn
Deutsches Arzteblatt | Year: 2010
Background: Hereditary gastrointestinal polyposis syndromes account for about 1% of all cases of colorectal cancer and are associated with a broad spectrum of extracolonic tumors. The early detection and accurate classification of these syndromes are essential, since effective methods for surveillance and treatment are available. Methods: This review article is based on a selective literature search, the author's own work, and evidence-based guidelines and recommendations. Results and Conclusions: The diagnosis is initially suspected on the basis of the endoscopic findings and polyp histology. Because different syndromes can resemble each other phenotypically, e.g., autosomal dominant familial adenomatous polyposis and autosomal recessive MUTYH-associated polyposis, molecular genetic studies are important for differential diagnosis and for assessing the risk of recurrence. Identification of the familial mutation in an affected patient is a prerequisite for predictive testing in asymptomatic persons at risk and sometimes enables prognostication. In recent years, the rate of detection of mutations has risen by 10% to 30%, and clinically relevant genotype-phenotype correlations have been described for juvenile polyposis syndrome. Except in cases of mild adenomatous polyposis, phenotypic overlap among the hamartomatous polyposes often causes difficulties in differential diagnosis. Thus, in unclear cases, a pathologist with special expertise in gastrointestinal disorders should be consulted for the evaluation of polyp tissue. Aside from the monogenic polyposes, there are many other types of polyposis that are non-hereditary or of unknown cause, including the hyperplastic and mixed polyposis syndromes. Risk-adapted surveillance programs have been established for the more frequently occurring polyposes.
Eichhorn K.W.,Universitatsklinikum Bonn
Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement | Year: 2011
Functional Endoscopic Surgery of Paranasal sinuses (FESS) and Skull Base surgery is one of the most frequent surgeries performed at the ENT department of the Bonn University, Germany. Beside of surgical Navigation Robotic is one of the upcoming fields of Computer assisted Surgery developments. This work presents novel research and concepts for Robot Assisted Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (RASS) of the Paranasal sinuses and the anterior Skull Base containing the analysis of surgical workflows, the segmentation and modelling of the Paranasal sinuses and the anterior Skull Base and the development of the robotic path planning. An interdisciplinary group of software engineers and surgeons in Braunschweig and Bonn, Germany are approximate to solutions by a clinical and technical research program financed through the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, German research Community).
Sinning J.M.,Universitatsklinikum Bonn
EuroIntervention : journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology | Year: 2012
The first member of the next generation CoreValve "family" is the 23 mm CoreValve® Evolut™ (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA), which is indicated for an annulus range of 18 mm to 20 mm and extends the spectrum of patients with aortic stenosis that can be treated with the self-expanding CoreValve bioprosthesis. The Core-Valve Evolut provides several technical refinements and is designed to enable re-capturability in the future. Here, we report on the first case in a 93-year-old female patient who was implanted at the University Hospital Bonn, Germany, on June 1st, 2012.