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München, Germany

Hegner E.,UniversitatMunchen | Klemd R.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Kroner A.,University Mainz | Kroner A.,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences | And 7 more authors.
American Journal of Science | Year: 2010

Ages derived from various isotope systems in high-pressure (HP) rocks of the western Tianshan orogen of NW China have been interpreted as evidence for late Carboniferous and/or Triassic collision of the accretionary margin of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) with the Tarim Craton. In order to elucidate this controversy, we present new P-T data as well as Sm-Nd and 40Ar/39Ar cooling ages for an eclogite sample from Atbashi in the accretionary mélange of the South Tianshan suture in Kyrgyzstan, some 500 km along strike to the west of the controversial locality in the upper Akeyazhi River Valley in NW China. A clockwise P-T path for the eclogite with peak pressures of 18 to 24 kbar at 520 to 600 °C is consistent with near-isothermal decompression and exhumation in a subduction zone before collision of the CAOB with the Tarim Craton. Geochemical data and an initial ε Nd value of ∼ +9 suggest an N-MORB protolith for the eclogite. The high-pressure mineral assemblage of the eclogite yielded a statistically robust Sm-Nd isochron age of 319 ± 4 Ma (2, 5 data points, MSWD = 0.4) for equilibration and closure of the Sm-Nd system during HP metamorphism. 40Ar/39Ar dating of phengite from the same sample yielded a cooling age of 316 ±3Ma (2σ) implying rapid exhumation. Docking of the Tarim Craton with the southern margin of the Middle Tianshan-North Tianshan blocks in Kyrgyzstan during the late Carboniferous is supported by widespread emplacement of A-type granitoids of early Permian age that suggest a setting of consolidated crust. An unmetamorphosed and little deformed molasse-type conglomerate of latest Carboniferous age, overlying the HP rocks, indicates that HP metamorphism, exhumation, and exposure of the HP mélange occurred from 320 to ∼300 Ma. The detrital zircon age spectrum of a metagraywacke sample from the accretionary mélange suggests sources in the Tarim Craton and/or from the Middle and North Tianshan that possibly comprise rifted blocks from Tarim.

Kuhn G.,UniversitatMunchen | Polesya S.,UniversitatMunchen | Mankovsky S.,UniversitatMunchen | Minar J.,UniversitatMunchen | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter | Year: 2012

The electronic structure and magnetic properties of Cr-Sb compounds with zinc-blende and wurtzite structure have been studied by means of the Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (KKR) band structure method. The occurrence of a half-metallic behavior has been investigated for the bulk systems as a function of lattice parameter, as well as for thin films deposited on different substrates. In the latter case the influence of the surface and interface on the electronic structure is discussed in addition. To study magnetic order in the bulk and within the films, exchange coupling parameters have been calculated from first principles. They have been used for subsequent Monte Carlo simulations, based on a classical Heisenberg Hamiltonian, to obtain the Curie temperature. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.

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