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Bernabe-Garcia J.M.,General Universitary Hospital of Alicante | Garcia-Espasa C.,General Universitary Hospital of Alicante | Arenas-Jimenez J.,General Universitary Hospital of Alicante | Sanchez-Paya J.,General Universitary Hospital of Alicante | And 2 more authors.
Insights into Imaging | Year: 2012

Purpose: To evaluate if respiratory coaching performed prior to CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) image acquisition has an impact on the occurrence of transient interruption of contrast (TIC) phenomenon. Materials and methods: Two hundred and thirty-one consecutive patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) were referred for CTPA. They were randomised into two groups, with or without respiratory coaching (groups A and B, respectively). Those patients who were deemed not able to be coached were not randomised and were assigned to a third group (C). Two radiologists evaluated the degree of enhancement of the pulmonary arteries and the presence and grade of TIC. The χ2 test was used to compare differences among groups in occurrence and grade of this phenomenon. Results: There were no significant differences in the presence of any grade of TIC among the three groups, with 30 positive cases (32%) in group A, 33 (35%) in group B, and 12 (27%) in group C (P = 0. 61). When TIC was graded and divided into significant or not, the different groups also did not differ significantly. Conclusion: Performing respiratory coaching before CTPA had no statistically significant effect on the incidence and severity of TIC in this prospective randomised study. Main Messages: • Significant transient interruption of contrast appears in 12% of pulmonary CT angiograms.• Severe transient interruption of contrast leading to nondiagnostic tests appears in 2% of studies.• In our study respiratory coaching has no impact on the incidence of transient interruption of contrast. © 2012 The Author(s).

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