Cuervo G.,H. Bellvitge |
Gasch O.,H. Parc Tauli |
Shaw E.,H. Bellvitge |
Camoez M.,H. Bellvitge |
And 70 more authors.
Journal of Infection | Year: 2016
Objectives: To compare clinical and microbiological characteristics, treatment and outcomes of MRSA bacteraemia among elderly and younger patients. Material and methods: Prospective study conducted at 21 Spanish hospitals including patients with MRSA bacteraemia diagnosed between June/2008 and December/2009. Episodes diagnosed in patients aged 75 or more years old (≥75) were compared with the rest of them (<75). Results: Out of 579 episodes of MRSA bacteraemia, 231 (39.9%) occurred in patients ≥75. Comorbidity was significantly higher in older patients (Charlson score ≥4: 52.8 vs. 44%; p = .037) as was the severity of the underlying disease (McCabe ≥1: 61.9 vs. 43.4%; p < .001). In this group the acquisition was more frequently health-care related (43.3 vs. 33.9%, p = .023), mostly from long-term care centers (12.1 vs. 3.7%, p < .001). An unknown focus was more frequent among ≥75 (19.9 vs. 13.8%; p = .050) while severity at presentation was similar between groups (Pitt score ≥3: 31.2 vs. 27.6%; p = .352). The prevalence of vancomycin resistant isolates was similar between groups, as was the appropriateness of empirical antibiotic therapy. Early (EM) and overall mortality (OM) were significantly more frequent in the ≥75 group (EM: 12.1 vs. 6%; p = .010 OM: 42.9 vs. 23%; p < .001). In multivariate analysis age ≥75 was an independent risk factor for overall mortality (aOR: 2.47, CI: 1.63-3.74; p < .001). Conclusion: MRSA bacteraemia was frequent in patients aged ≥75 of our cohort. This group had higher comorbidity rates and the source of infection was more likely to be unknown. Although no differences were seen in severity or adequacy of empiric therapy, elderly patients showed a higher overall mortality. © 2015 The British Infection Association.
Buti M.,Hospital Universitario Vall d Hebron |
Franco A.,Janssen Cilag S.A. |
Carmona I.,Hospital Virgen Macarena |
Sanchez-Ruano J.J.,Complejo Hospitalario Of Toledo |
And 114 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia | Year: 2015
Introduction. To assess the clinical profile and management of patients with hepatitis C (HCV) infection in an observational study in Spanish hospitals. Methods. The study included an initial cross-sectional phase (study phase I), in which investigators at 48 hospitals from 14 Spanish regions collected data from approximately 20 consecutive patients each (a total of 1,000 patients) to assess the general features of HCV-infected patients of any genotype. During the second phase (study phase II), data from 878 patients that were infected exclusively with genotype 1 HCV were assessed retrospectively. Eight pre-defined clinical profiles were established, in order to assess clinical and previous treatments characteristics. Results. Among the HCV-infected individuals that were analysed during the first part, HCV genotype 1 was found to be predominant (with a prevalence of 76.6%), prevailing the subtype 1b (69.8%), with other significant groups infected by genotype 3 (12.3%) and 4 (7.4%). In the second part of the study, 44% of the HCV genotype 1-infected patients were at a F3/F4 fibrosis stage. 15.9% had never been treated, and previously unsuccessfully treated patients that were no longer receiving anti-HCV treatment accounted for 50.8% of cases. Individuals with a sustained virologic response (SVR) to previous dual therapies (based on Interferon and Ribavirin) were only 14.5% and patients under treatment during the study accounted for the remaining 18.8%. A total of 713 patients (81.2%) in the second phase were not receiving any type of therapy over the period analysed, mainly due to the anticipation of new anti-HCV drugs (41.8%), SVR achievement (17.8%) and unresponsiveness to therapies available at the time of the study (9.5%). Conclusions. HCV genotype 1, predominately 1b, is the most prevalent type in Spain. Advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis is frequent in this group, mainly patients not yet cured.