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Nijmegen, Netherlands

Reurings J.C.,Sint Elisabeth Hospital | Spanjersberg W.R.,Universitair Medisch Centrum Radboud | Oostvogel H.J.M.,Sint Elisabeth Hospital | Buskens E.,Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht | And 6 more authors.
BMC Surgery | Year: 2010

Background. The present developments in colon surgery are characterized by two innovations: the introduction of the laparoscopic operation technique and fast recovery programs such as the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) recovery program. The Tapas-study was conceived to determine which of the three treatment programs: open conventional surgery, open 'ERAS' surgery or laparoscopic 'ERAS' surgery for patients with colon carcinomas is most cost minimizing?. Method/design. The Tapas-study is a three-arm multicenter prospective cohort study. All patients with colon carcinoma, eligible for surgical treatment within the study period in four general teaching hospitals and one university hospital will be included. This design produces three cohorts: Conventional open surgery is the control exposure (cohort 1). Open surgery with ERAS recovery (cohort 2) and laparoscopic surgery with ERAS recovery (cohort 3) are the alternative exposures. Three separate time periods are used in order to prevent attrition bias. Primary outcome parameters are the two main cost factors: direct medical costs (real cost price calculation) and the indirect non medical costs (friction method). Secondary outcome parameters are mortality, complications, surgical-oncological resection margins, hospital stay, readmission rates, time back to work/recovery, health status and quality of life. Based on an estimated difference in direct medical costs (highest cost factor) of 38% between open and laparoscopic surgery (alfa = 0.01, beta = 0.05), a group size of 3×40 = 120 patients is calculated. Discussion. The Tapas-study is three-arm multicenter cohort study that will provide a cost evaluation of three treatment programs for patients with colon carcinoma, which may serve as a guideline for choice of treatment and investment strategies in hospitals. © 2010 Reurings et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Karaoglu I.,Universitair Medisch Centrum Radboud | van der Heijden A.G.,Universitair Medisch Centrum Radboud | Witjes J.A.,Universitair Medisch Centrum Radboud
World Journal of Urology | Year: 2014

Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) accounts for approximately 70 % of all bladder cancer cases and represents a heterogeneous pathological entity, characterized by a variable natural history and oncological outcome. The combination of cystoscopy and urine cytology is considered the gold standard in the initial diagnosis of bladder cancer, despite the limited sensitivity. The first step in NMIBC management is transurethral resection of the bladder tumour (TURBT). This procedure is marked by a significant risk of leaving residual disease. The primary landmark in NMIBC is the high recurrence rate. Fluorescence cystoscopy improves the bladder cancer detection rate, especially for flat lesions, and improves the recurrence-free survival by decreasing residual tumour. Progression to muscle invasive tumours constitutes the second important landmark in NMIBC evolution. Stage, grade, associated CIS and female gender are the major prognostic factors in this regard. The evolution to MIBC has a major negative impact upon the survival rate and quality of life of these patients. Fluorescence cystoscopy improves the detection rate of bladder cancer but does not improve the progression-free survival. Urine markers such as ImmunoCyt and Uro Vysion (FISH) have also limited additional value in diagnosis and prognosis of NMIBC patients. Major drawbacks are the requirement of a specialized laboratory and the additional costs. In this review, the risks of recurrence and progression are analysed and discussed. The impact of white light cystoscopy, fluorescence cystoscopy and urine markers is reviewed. Finally, the means and recommendations regarding follow-up are discussed. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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