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Garino C.,Universitadel Piemonte Orientale ogadro | Marsh J.,Rothamsted Research | Lovegrove A.,Rothamsted Research | Schilte P.,Medical Center Alkmaar | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Nutrition and Food Research | Year: 2010

Scope: 2S albumins are the major allergens involved in severe food allergy to nuts, seeds, and legumes. We aimed to isolate, clone, and express 2S albumin from hazelnut and determine its allergenicity. Methods: 2S albumin from hazelnut extract was purified using size exclusion chromatography and RP-HPLC. After N-terminal sequencing, degenerated and poly-d(T) primers were used to clone the 2S albumin sequence from hazelnut cDNA. After expression in Escherichia coli and affinity purification, IgE reactivity was evaluated by Immunoblot/ImmunoCAP (inhibition) analyses using sera of nut-allergic patients. Results: N-terminal sequencing of a ~10 kDa peak from size exclusion chromatography/RP-HPLC gave two sequences highly homologous to pecan 2S albumin, an 11 amino acid (aa) N-terminal and a 10aa internal peptide. The obtained clone (441 bp) encoded a 147aa hazelnut 2S albumin consisting of a putative signal peptide (22 aa), a linker peptide (20 aa), and the mature protein sequence (105 aa). The latter was successfully expressed in E. coli. Both recombinant and natural 2S albumin demonstrated similar IgE reactivity in Immunoblot/ImmunoCAP (inhibition) analyses. Conclusion: We confirmed the postulated role of hazelnut 2S albumin as an allergen. The availability of recombinant molecules will allow establishing the importance of hazelnut 2S albumin for hazelnut allergy. © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.

Cantelmo A.R.,Oncology Research | Cammarota R.,Oncology Research | Noonan D.M.,Oncology Research | Noonan D.M.,University of Insubria | And 4 more authors.
Oncogene | Year: 2010

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor Met are responsible for a wide variety of cellular responses, both physiologically during embryo development and tissue homeostasis, and pathologically, particularly during tumor growth and dissemination. In cancer, Met can act as an oncogene on tumor cells, as well as a pro-angiogenic factor activating endothelial cells and inducing new vessel formation. Molecules interfering with Met activity could be valuable therapeutic agents. Here we have investigated the antiangiogenic properties of a synthetic peptide mimicking the docking site of the Met carboxyl-terminal tail, which was delivered into the cells by fusion with the internalization sequences from Antennapedia or HIV-Tat. We showed that these peptides inhibit ligand-dependent endothelial cell proliferation, motility, invasiveness and morphogenesis in vitro to an even greater extent and with much less toxicity than the Met inhibitor PHA-665752, which correlated with interference of HGF-dependent downstream signaling. In vivo, the peptides inhibited HGF-induced angiogenesis in the matrigel sponge assay and impaired xenograft tumor growth and vascularization in Kaposi's sarcoma. These data show that interference with the Met receptor intracellular sequence impairs HGF-induced angiogenesis, suggesting the use of antidocking site compounds as a therapeutic strategy to counteract angiogenesis in cancer as well as in other diseases. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

Longo D.L.,CNR Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging | Michelotti F.,University of Turin | Consolino L.,University of Turin | Bardini P.,University of Turin | And 6 more authors.
Investigative Radiology | Year: 2016

The aimof this study was to evaluate 4 nonionic x-ray iodinated contrast agents (CAs), commonly used in radiographic procedures, as novel chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) agents by assessing their in vitro exchange properties and preliminary in vivo use as tumor enhancing agents. Materials and Methods: The CEST properties, as function of pH (range, 5.5-7.9) and of radio frequency conditions (irradiation field strength range of 1-9 μT and time of 1-9 seconds), have been determined at 7 T and 310 K for 4 x-ray CAs commonly used in clinical settings, namely, iomeprol, iohexol, ioversol, and iodixanol. Their in vivo properties have been investigated upon intravenous injection in a murine HER2+ breast tumor model (n = 4 mice for each CA) using both computed tomography (CT) and MRI modalities. Results: The prototropic exchange rates measured for the 4 investigated iodinated molecules showed strong pH dependence with base catalyzed exchange rate that was faster for monomeric compounds (20-4000 Hz in the pH range of 5.5- 7.9). Computed tomography quantification showed marked (up to 2 mg I/mL concentration) and prolonged accumulation (up to 30 minutes postinjection) inside tumor regions. Among the 4 agents we tested, iohexol and ioversol display good CEST contrast properties at 7 T, and in vivo results confirmed strong and prolonged contrast enhancement of the tumors, with elevated extravasation fractions (74%-91%). A strong and significant correlation was found between CT and CEST-MRI tumor-enhanced images (R2 = 0.70, P < 0.01). Conclusions: The obtained results demonstrate that iohexol and ioversol, 2 commonly used radiographic compounds, can be used as MRI perfusion agents, particularly useful when serial images acquisitions are needed to complement CT information. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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