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Viterbo, Italy

Force fluctuations recorded in an atomic force spectroscopy experiment, during the approach of a tip functionalized with biotin towards a substrate charged with avidin, have been analyzed by a wavelet transform. The observation of strong transient changes only when a specific biorecognition process between the partners takes place suggests a drastic modulation of the force fluctuations when biomolecules recognize each other. Such an analysis allows to investigate the peculiar features of a biorecognition process. These results are discussed in connection with the possible role of energy minima explored by biomolecules during the biorecognition process. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Cacchiarelli L.,Universita Della Tuscia | Carbone A.,Universita Della Tuscia | Laureti T.,Universita Della Tuscia | Sorrentino A.,Universita Della Tuscia
Journal of Wine Research | Year: 2014

The purpose of the paper is to contribute to understanding the role and effectiveness of different quality clues in the creation of value for the main wines of the Lazio region. The study presents a hedonic price model. An ordinary least squares and a quantile regression models were estimated. The latter is able to detect additional patterns related to the effects of the covariates. Prices are regressed on wine color, sub-regional area of origin, the type of certification of origin, and on experts' evaluation. The analysis is based on data released by three major Italian wine guides: Gambero Rosso, l'Espresso, and AIS (Italian Sommelier Association). Results show that: (i) white and red wines follow two different price patterns; (ii) prices are correlated with experts' evaluation; (iii) the impact of the latter is higher when other quality clues, such as geographical indications, are less effective; (iv) the role of different quality clues varies at different price levels and it is different for red and white wines; overall, wines from the Lazio region are associated with poor to mediocre quality levels. This may explain the decline in reputation and in market share that these wines are experiencing after centuries of popularity. © 2014, © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

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