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Lo pez-Garci a J.M.,Universita` Degli Studi Of Ferrara | Berto C.,Universita` Degli Studi Of Ferrara | Colamussi V.,Universita` Degli Studi Of Ferrara | Valle C.D.,Universita` Degli Studi Of Ferrara | And 5 more authors.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology | Year: 2014

The habitat weighting method, the Simpson diversity index and the mutual climatic range method are applied to the small-mammal assemblage of Grotta del Romito (southern Italy) in order to reconstruct the environmental and climatic fluctuations that occurred during the latest Pleistocene-Holocene sequence of the cave. The analysed strata have a discontinuous chronological range from the middle-late Gravettian (ca. 24. ka uncal. BP) to the Mesolithic-Sauveterrian (still radiometrically undated). Gravettian and Epigravettian layers were excavated inside the cave, Mesolithic layers in the rockshelter outside the cave. The small-mammal assemblage shows significant differences along the sequence; a turning point is detected in strata D29-D11, coinciding with the end of Heinrich Event 1 (H1) and the beginning of the Bølling-Allerød interstadial (between ca. 14.9-14. ka. cal. BP). These data are in accordance with the previously obtained environmental data for Grotta del Romito, as well as with other continental climatic and environmental changes detected at a regional scale. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

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