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Puebla de Zaragoza, Mexico

Universidad de las Américas Puebla , is a Mexican private university located in San Andrés Cholula, Puebla, a suburb of Puebla. The university is known for its programs in Arts and Humanities, Social science, Science and Engineering, and Business and Economics. It is considered to be one of the most prestigious universities in Latin America, having been ranked the best private and single-campus university in Puebla by the newspaper El Universal, as well as being one of the only seven universities in Latin America accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. The UDLAP has also been very successful in Mexican collegiate sports; their teams are the Aztecas. Wikipedia.

Gonzalez-Oreja J.A.,Universidad de Las Americas Puebla
Biological Conservation | Year: 2011

Impacts of urbanization on ecological systems are expected to increase during the 21st century, and identifying which species may not survive under urban constraints is of practical importance to conservation biology. I study whether a species' biogeographic origin might be a useful predictor of vulnerability to urban pressures, and if this depends on the geographic scale of the study. By means of multivariate ordination analyses and computer intensive, Monte Carlo simulation techniques, I study the patterns of zoogeographical affinity (a proxy for biogeographic origin) of passerine birds living in 14 non-urban (NU) and 11 urban (U) sites throughout Mexico, a biodiversity rich and urbanizing country between the Nearctic and Neotropical Regions; at a regional scale, I also study differences between NU and U sites in the state of Puebla, in the 'Temperate Sierras' ecoregion. Differences in zoogeographical affinities between NU and U sites were statistically significant, and were mainly caused by changes in the number of neotropical and nearctic species. In terms of the 'equivalent number of zoogeographical classes', a useful measure of zoogeographical diversity, bird assemblages in urban settings were less diverse than those simulated by random drawings from the corresponding species pools. In fact, urbanization seems to be provoking the selective removal of neotropical and endemic species from urban assemblages, whereas at the same time retaining more-than-expected nearctic (temperate) species; birds with nearctic affinities could be successful candidates to 'urban exploiters' in the study case. At a landscape scale, results suggest that urbanization is creating holes in the geographic range of both neotropical passerines and birds endemic to Mexico, which are selectively removed by the urban filter, and can be identified as those more heavily threatened by urbanization if proactive strategies to conserve biodiversity in urban ecosystems are not implemented. Among other reasons for the observed patterns, the tropical niche conservatism is invoked as an explanation. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Vysloukh V.A.,Universidad de Las Americas Puebla | Kartashov Y.V.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Kartashov Y.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Optics Letters | Year: 2014

We study resonant mode conversion in parity time (PT)-symmetric multimode waveguides, where symmetry breaking manifests itself in the sequential destabilization (i.e., the appearance of complex eigenvalues) of the pairs of adjacent guided modes. We show that efficient mode conversion is possible even in the presence of the resonant longitudinal modulation of the complex refractive index. The distinguishing feature of the resonant mode conversion in the PT-symmetric structure is a drastic growth of the width of the resonance curve when the gain/losses coefficient approaches a critical value, at which symmetry breaking occurs. We found that in the system with broken symmetry, the resonant coupling between the exponentially growing mode and the stable higher-order one effectively stabilizes dynamically coupled pairs of modes and remarkably diminishes the average rate of the total power growth. © 2014 Optical Society of America Source

Rosas-Romero R.,Universidad de Las Americas Puebla
Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence | Year: 2014

In this paper a method for remote detection of forest fires in video signals from surveillance cameras is presented. The idea is based on learned redundant dictionaries for sparse representation of feature vectors extracted from image patches on three different regions; smoke, sky and ground. A testing image patch is assigned to the region for which the corresponding dictionary gives the best sparse representation during segmentation. To further reduce the presence of misclassified patches, a spatio-temporal cuboid of patches is built around a classified patch to take a majority vote in the set of classes inside the cuboid. To reduce the number of false positives there is a verification process to determine if a region of interest is growing. Theory, results, issues and challenges related to the implementation of the forest fire monitoring system, and performance of the method are presented. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Oropeza-Perez I.,Universidad de Las Americas Puebla
Energy Reports | Year: 2016

This work shows a sensitivity analysis of the economic impact of different energy performances of air-conditioning within the Mexican housing sector. For this purpose, a cooling-load calculator program in function of the indoor temperature is developed. The program also calculates the electricity consumption along with the expenditure with the different residential rates of the Mexican Federal Commission of Electricity (CFE, initials in Spanish) set according to the season of the year and zone of the country. After the results onto the national-scale scenario are validated with the literature, a sensitivity analysis is carried out by changing three parameters that are considered as influential on the consumption and which can be considered as energy saving strategies. With these strategies, it is found that the indoor temperature decrease due to the use of a passive cooling system is the most important characteristic to take into account followed by the coefficient of performance (COP) of the air-conditioning and the increase of the comfort temperature set-point, respectively. Thereby, an economic analysis is carried out, finding an annual saving up to 770 USD within a single air-conditioned dwelling having a payback period of 3 years for using a combination of passive cooling techniques and increasing the comfort temperature set-point; or a 2 years payback period if the air-conditioning is changed by a high-efficient equipment. © 2016 The Author Source

Mundo-Hernandez J.,Universidad de Las Americas Puebla | De Celis Alonso B.,Autonomous University of Puebla | Hernandez-Alvarez J.,Autonomous University of Puebla | De Celis-Carrillo B.,University of Leon
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2014

Energy is essential for our preservation and the improvement of our life-style. Today all major production of energy is generated from fossil fuels, which are non-renewable and significantly pollute the environment. Access to clean and reliable energy is crucial for assuring the development of countries such as Mexico. Mexico's economy is based on producing energy from fossil fuels1 and the change to sustainable ways of life is still uncertain. It becomes essential to look at developed countries where the transition to sustainability has been rapidly increasing. This paper gives an overview of energy policies and the potential of solar photovoltaic energy in two countries: Germany, a world leader in the generation and development of photovoltaic technology; and Mexico, a country with great solar photovoltaic potential. It also describes the characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of photovoltaic technology, including BIPV systems. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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