Univag University Center

Várzea Grande, Brazil

Univag University Center

Várzea Grande, Brazil
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Gomes L.T.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Gomes L.T.,Univag University Center | Alves- E.R.,Univag University Center | Rodrigues-Jesus C.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Introduction: Angiogenic factors such as angiopoietin 1 (Ang-1) and angiopoietin 2 (Ang-2) are biomarkers produced during activation and dysfunction of the vascular endothelium in several infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of Ang-1 and Ang-2 and to establish their relationship with the main indicators of worst-case prognosis in patients with P. vivax malaria.Methods: This is a retrospective case-control study nested within a cohort of symptomatic malaria patients. A potentially severe case was defined as a patient that presented at least one of the main indicators of the worst-case prognosis for falciparum malaria, as established by the World Health Organization. Ang-2 and Ang-1 and the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio were used to analyze the role of angiopoietins as biomarkers in signaling potentially severe vivax malaria. ROC curves were generated to identify a cut-off point discriminating between the angiopoietin concentrations that were most strongly associated with potential infection severity.Results: The serum levels of Ang-2 and the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio were higher in the case group. In contrast, the serum levels of Ang-1 were lower in the cases than in the control patients. The blood count for platelets showed a positive correlation with Ang-1 and a negative correlation with Ang-2 and with the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for serum angiopoietins, as an indicator of worst-case prognosis in a potentially severe P. vivax malarial infection, was larger in the subgroup of patients with platelet counts ,75,000/μL.Conclusion: This study showed that patients with predictors of worst-case prognoses for P. vivax malaria have lower Ang-1 and higher Ang-2 serum levels (and higher values for the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio) than controls. Elevated serum levels of Ang-2 and high values for the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio may potentially be used as predictors of worst-case prognoses for P. vivax malaria, especially in patients with thrombocytopenia. © 2014 Gomes et al.


Alves Jr. E.R.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Alves Jr. E.R.,Univag University Center | Gomes L.T.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Gomes L.T.,Univag University Center | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Quantification of parasite density is an important component in the diagnosis of malaria infection. The accuracy of this estimation varies according to the method used. The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between the parasite density values obtained with the assumed value of 8,000 cells/μL and the automated WBC count. Moreover, the same comparative analysis was carried out for other assumed values of WBCs. The study was carried out in Brazil with 403 malaria patients who were infected in different endemic areas of the Brazilian Amazon. The use of a fixed WBC count of 8,000 cells/μL to quantify parasite density in malaria patients led to overestimated parasitemia and resulted in low reliability when compared to the automated WBC count. Assumed values ranging between 5,000 and 6,000 cells/μL, and 5,500 cells/μL in particular, showed higher reliability and more similar values of parasite density when compared between the 2 methods. The findings show that assumed WBC count of 5,500 cells/μL could lead to a more accurate estimation of parasite density for malaria patients in this endemic region. © 2014 Alves-Junior et al.


Alves-Junior E.R.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Gomes L.T.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Gomes L.T.,Univag University Center | Assis-Oliveira F.B.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | And 3 more authors.
Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2014

The determination of parasitemia in the diagnosis of malaria is a routine practice because it assists the selection of treatment. The techniques used for estimating parasitemia are based on leukocyte counts or on a fixed volume of blood examined in a microscopic field. This study evaluated the concordance between parasitemia estimated by counting parasites in 200 microscopic fields and by counting parasites per 500 leukocytes using the automated leukocyte count as a reference. This study included 403 patients with acute malaria. The parasitemia levels obtained by each method varied greatly. A large discrepancy was observed between the 2 methods with respect to parasitemia results, with 17.6% and 82.4% of the values being overestimates and underestimates, respectively, compared to quantification by the automated leukocyte counts. Thus, these findings reveal the inaccuracy of this method and should be considered by health professionals involved in clinical management of the disease.


PubMed | Federal University of Mato Grosso and Univag University Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2014

Angiogenic factors such as angiopoietin 1 (Ang-1) and angiopoietin 2 (Ang-2) are biomarkers produced during activation and dysfunction of the vascular endothelium in several infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of Ang-1 and Ang-2 and to establish their relationship with the main indicators of worst-case prognosis in patients with P. vivax malaria.This is a retrospective case-control study nested within a cohort of symptomatic malaria patients. A potentially severe case was defined as a patient that presented at least one of the main indicators of the worst-case prognosis for falciparum malaria, as established by the World Health Organization. Ang-2 and Ang-1 and the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio were used to analyze the role of angiopoietins as biomarkers in signaling potentially severe vivax malaria. ROC curves were generated to identify a cut-off point discriminating between the angiopoietin concentrations that were most strongly associated with potential infection severity.The serum levels of Ang-2 and the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio were higher in the case group. In contrast, the serum levels of Ang-1 were lower in the cases than in the control patients. The blood count for platelets showed a positive correlation with Ang-1 and a negative correlation with Ang-2 and with the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for serum angiopoietins, as an indicator of worst-case prognosis in a potentially severe P. vivax malarial infection, was larger in the subgroup of patients with platelet counts <75,000/L.This study showed that patients with predictors of worst-case prognoses for P. vivax malaria have lower Ang-1 and higher Ang-2 serum levels (and higher values for the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio) than controls. Elevated serum levels of Ang-2 and high values for the Ang-2/Ang-1 ratio may potentially be used as predictors of worst-case prognoses for P. vivax malaria, especially in patients with thrombocytopenia.

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