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Veljkovic R.,Clinical Center Vojvodina | Protic M.,Clinical Center Vojvodina | Gluhovic A.,Clinical Center Vojvodina | Potic Z.,Novi Management | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Surgeons

Background: Information-based scoring systems predictive of outcomes of midline laparotomy are needed; these systems can support surgical decisions with the aim of improving patient outcomes and quality of life, and reducing the risk of secondary surgical procedures. Study Design: All study subjects were followed for a minimum of 6 months after operation. Numerous demographic, clinical, treatment, and outcomes-related perioperative factors were recorded to determine statistical association with the primary end point: incisional hernia development. The first analysis was designed to establish the statistical model (scoring system) for estimating the risk of incisional hernia within 6 months of midline laparotomy. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. A simple additive model was constructed using stepwise logistic and linear regression. The second part of the study analysis was validation of the scoring systems developed initially. Results: A logistic linear minimum regression model was developed based on four covariates independently predictive of incisional hernia: Body mass index (BMI) > 24.4kg/m2; fascial suture to incision ratio (SIR) < 4.2; deep surgical site, deep space, or organ infection (SSI); and time to suture removal or complete epithelialization >16 days (TIME). The hernia risk scoring system equation [p(%) = 32(SIR) + 30(SSI) + 9(TIME) + 2(BMI)] provided accurate estimates of incisional hernia according to stratified risk groups based on total score: low (0 to 5 points), 1.0%; moderate (6 to 15 points), 9.7%; increased (16 to 50 points), 30.2%; and markedly increased (>50 points), 73.1%. Conclusions: A statistically valid, straightforward, and clinically useful predictive model was developed for estimating the risk of incisional hernia within 6 months of midline laparotomy. Prospective independent validation of this model appears indicated. Source

Avital I.,Bon Secours Cancer Institute | Avital I.,Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences | Brucher B.L.D.M.,Theodor Billroth Academy | Nissan A.,Rabin Medical Center | And 3 more authors.
Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America

Upwards of 40% of patient with colorectal cancer develop peritoneal carcinomatosis (CRCPC). Of the 2500 patients reported in the literature, 1000 underwent cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), resulting in median survival of 22 to 63 months. However, level I data from prospective randomized trials are limited. Further trials are indicated to identify peritoneal carcinomatosis in at-risk patients early in the natural history of the disease and confirm the efficacy of multimodality therapy (CRS/HIPEC/systemic therapy) in those with CRCPC amenable to CRS in the modern era of novel targeted and cytotoxic systemic therapy. © 2012. Source

Radowsky J.S.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | Radowsky J.S.,Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences | Howard R.S.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | Burch H.B.,Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences | And 4 more authors.

Background: The clinical importance of extrathyroidal extension (ETE) on outcome of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), particularly with respect to disease extending to the surgical margin is not well established. This study assessed the importance of surgical margin and extrathyroidal invasion relative to local control of disease and oncologic outcome. Methods: A retrospective analysis of a prospective institutional endocrine database was conducted on 276 patients with PTC treated between 1955 and 2004 to determine the impact of margin-negative resection (n=199, 72%), disease up to within 1 mm of surgical margin (n=19, 7%), microscopic (n=39, 14%), and gross (n=19, 7%) ETE. Data were compared with Fisher's exact test or analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: Median follow-up was 3.1-6.8 years per study group (disease-free survival, range 1-37 years). The proportion of those with age >45 years, prior radiation exposure, distant metastasis at presentation, and those undergoing total thyroidectomy was not significantly different between groups. Tumor size and multifocality correlated with extent of local disease, which in turn was significantly associated with regional nodal disease at time of primary operation as well as prevalence of persistence of disease after multimodality therapy. Extent of local disease correlated significantly with subsequent clinical recurrence after a disease-free period (p=0.006); however, recurrence rates were not significantly different between negative and close (≤1 mm) margin resection. Conclusion: Oncological outcome correlates with the extent of extrathyroidal invasion. Outcome is worse in patients with gross extrathyroidal disease extension than in those with microscopic local invasion apparent on histopathological assessment. However, the risk of clinical recurrence appears similar between patients undergoing margin-negative and "close margin" resection. © Copyright 2014, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Nissan A.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Nissan A.,United States Military Cancer Institute | Protic M.,United States Military Cancer Institute | Bilchik A.,United States Military Cancer Institute | And 6 more authors.
Annals of Surgery

Background: Improvement in staging accuracy is the principal aim of targeted nodal assessment in colorectal carcinoma. Technical factors independently predictive of false negative (FN) sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping should be identified to facilitate operative decision making. Purpose: To define independent predictors of FN SLN mapping and to develop a predictive model that could support surgical decisions. PATIENTS AND Methods: Data was analyzed from 2 completed prospective clinical trials involving 278 patients with colorectal carcinoma undergoing SLN mapping. Clinical outcome of interest was FN SLN(s), defined as one(s) with no apparent tumor cells in the presence of non-SLN metastases. To assess the independent predictive effect of a covariate for a nominal response (FN SLN), a logistic regression model was constructed and parameters estimated using maximum likelihood. A probabilistic Bayesian model was also trained and cross validated using 10-fold train-and-test sets to predict FN SLN mapping. Area under the curve (AUC) from receiver operating characteristics curves of these predictions was calculated to determine the predictive value of the model. Results: Number of SLNs (<3; P = 0.03) and tumor-replaced nodes (P < 0.01) independently predicted FN SLN. Cross validation of the model created with Bayesian Network Analysis effectively predicted FN SLN (area under the curve = 0.84-0.86). The positive and negative predictive values of the model are 83% and 97%, respectively. Conclusion: This study supports a minimum threshold of 3 nodes for targeted nodal assessment in colorectal cancer, and establishes sufficient basis to conclude that SLN mapping and biopsy cannot be justified in the presence of clinically apparent tumor-replaced nodes. Copyright © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Chen S.L.,University of California at Davis | Steele S.R.,U.S. Army | Eberhardt J.,Decision Q Corporation | Zhu K.,United States Military Cancer Institute | And 5 more authors.
Annals of Surgery

Background: The presence and number of nodal metastasis significantly impact colon cancer prognosis. Similarly, the number of resected/evaluated nodes impacts staging accuracy. This ratio of metastatic to examined nodes or lymph node ratio (LNR) may have independent prognostic value in colon carcinoma. PURPOSE:: To evaluate the impact of LNR on overall survival in colon cancer patients with fewer than 12 or 12 examined nodes or more. Methods: Patients (n = 36,712) with node-positive nonmetastatic colon cancer diagnosed between 1992 and 2004 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database and stratified according to LNR and number of nodes examined. Survival was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method, and differences analyzed by log-rank test. A Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: Patients with fewer than 12 nodes were older and male and had lower primary tumor stage, grade, and N stage (P < 0.01). Survival appeared greater with 12 total nodes examined or more (median 53 vs. 66 months, P < 0.001). Within each LNR stratum, survival with 12 nodes or more was improved for those with less than 10% of nodes positive for cancer, but was worse with higher LNRs (P < 0.01). Lymph node ratio was significantly associated with survival independent of total nodes (HR 1.24-5.12, P < 0.001). Other significant factors included age, race, tumor grade, stage, location, and N stage. Conclusion: Metastatic LNR independently estimates survival in Stage III colon cancer, irrespective of number of nodes examined. However, statistically significant differences in each LNR stratum between those with resection of fewer than 12 or 12 nodes or more would indicate that a 12-node minimum may still be necessary for accurate staging. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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