United States International University Africa
United States International University Africa
Mwanzu A.,United States International University Africa |
Wendo D.R.,University of Nairobi
Library Hi Tech News | Year: 2017
Purpose: This paper aims to examine the strides taken by academic libraries in Kenya to match the standards of modern library buildings while highlighting ensuing impact on user satisfaction. It will give an insight and provide a comprehensive comparison between Kenyan modern libraries and other modern libraries in the world which are considered best library designs, to show progressive development of library design and equipment. Design/methodology/approach: The paper takes a viewpoint approach after studying the history and development of the current library buildings in Kenya. This paper will answer the following questions: How far are Kenyan university libraries in embracing open space and aesthetic reflections? What is the impact of artistic modern library designs to user satisfaction? What are the effects of colorful interior design and décor on libraries? In addressing these and other related questions, the design of new academic libraries in Kenya over the past eight years is traced. Findings: Libraries in Kenya and other developing countries have stayed in the right path of revolution by adopting the modern library designs and giving library users more reasons to cherish their libraries as not only reading facilities but also destinations for relaxation, discussions and hangouts. The United States International University (USIU) Library has been touted as the pioneer modern library building, and its standards have been replicated and bettered by other libraries in Kenya today. This is a big stride for Kenyan libraries in the wake of dynamism in libraries. Originality/value: The value of the paper is that it gives an insight on the development of library buildings in Kenya, providing a comprehensive comparison between Kenyan modern libraries and other modern libraries in the world which are considered best library designs, thereby showing progressive development of library design and equipment. © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.
Mutanu L.,United States International University Africa |
Kotonya G.,Lancaster University
Proceedings - 2016 IEEE 9th International Conference on Service-Oriented Computing and Applications, SOCA 2016 | Year: 2016
Ensuring that service-oriented systems can adapt quickly and effectively to changes in service quality, business needs and their runtime environment is an increasingly important research problem. However, while considerable research has focused on developing runtime adaptation frameworks for service-oriented systems, there has been markedly less work on assessing the effectiveness of recommended adaptations. One way to address the problem is through validation. Validation not only allows us to assess how well a recommended adaptation addresses the concerns for which the system is reconfigured, it provides us with insights into the nature of problems for which different adaptations are suited. However, the dynamic nature of runtime adaptation and the changeable contexts in which service-oriented systems operate make it difficult to specify appropriate validation mechanisms in advance. This paper describes a novel consumer-centred approach for supporting runtime validation in self-adapting service-oriented systems. Our proposed solution uses machine learning to continuously assess and refine adaptation decisions. © 2016 IEEE.
Wamuyu P.K.,United States International University Africa
Telematics and Informatics | Year: 2017
To fully leverage the availability of the internet services in Kenya, all the citizens need to be able to access and use the internet and related services. The availability of 4G networks, cyber cafés and fiber connectivity in most residential areas of Nairobi has allowed many Nairobi residents to be part of its information-based society. But, as with the other existing social inequalities in Nairobi, many people residing in the city's low-income areas lack access to the internet. This has a negative impact on the residents' prospects as the governments and businesses are increasingly delivering their services online. Using a pre-tested questionnaire, data were collected from five hundred and fifty respondents on their internet access and digital literacy skills among the residents of the Mathare Slum. From the survey, the study found existence of limited digital literacy skills and lack of internet access among the residents of the Mathare Slum. The study then used the Community Technology Centers (CTCs) intervention approach to narrowing the digital divide by setting up a CTC in the Mathare Slum to offer free community internet access and digital literacy skills training. Eight cohorts, each of eighteen residents, were offered free digital literacy training for five weeks and free unlimited internet access for four months. The study then evaluated the trainees' internet usage continuance intentions after four months of continued use of the internet at the CTC. The results indicate that perceived enjoyment, perceived usefulness, internet self-efficacy, and confirmation of expectations all significantly influence the participants' satisfaction with use of the internet. The results also show that continuance intentions of the participants from low income household to continue using internet beyond the CTC can be predicted by perceived service cost, satisfaction, internet self-efficacy and perceived usefulness. The study demonstrates the effectiveness of CTCs as an intervention approach and a replicable model that can be used to bridge the urban digital divide among low income urban communities for the development of an all-inclusive information-based society. Implications and recommendations for policy, practice and research are provided. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
Sarnquist C.,Stanford University |
Omondi B.,UJAMAA Africa |
Sinclair J.,John Muir Medical Center |
Sinclair J.,UJAMAA United States of America |
And 5 more authors.
Pediatrics | Year: 2014
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sexual assault is a major cause of injury, unplanned pregnancy, HIV infection, and mental health problems worldwide. In parts of sub-Saharan Africa, sexual assault has reached epidemic proportions. This study evaluated the efficacy of an empowerment and self-defense intervention for adolescent girls to decrease the incidence of sexual assault and harassment in Nairobi's large informal settlements. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 1978 adolescents from 4 neighborhoods near Nairobi were taught empowerment, deescalation, and selfdefense skills in six 2-hour sessions. The standard-of-care (SOC) group (n = 428) received a life skills class. Self-reported, anonymous survey data were collected at baseline and 10.5 months after intervention. RESULTS: Annual sexual assault rates decreased from 17.9/100 personyears at baseline to 11.1 at follow-up (rate ratio = 1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26-1.86; P , .001); there was no significant change in the SOC group (14.3 to 14.0, rate ratio = 1.02; 95% CI, 0.67-1.57, P = .92). Sexual assault disclosure in the intervention group increased from 56% to 75% (P = .006), compared with a constant incidence of disclosure (53%) in the SOC group. The majority (52.3%) of adolescents in the intervention group reported using skills learned to stop an assault. CONCLUSIONS: This intervention decreased sexual assault rates among adolescent girls in Kenya. The intervention was also associated with an increase in the disclosure of assaults, thereby enabling survivors to seek care and support and possibly leading to the identification and prosecution of perpetrators. This model should be adaptable to other settings both in Africa and globally. Copyright © 2014 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Sinclair J.,John Muir Medical Center |
Sinclair L.,No Means No Worldwide |
Otieno E.,Ujamaa Africa |
Mulinge M.,United States International University Africa |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Adolescent Health | Year: 2013
Purpose: To determine the effect of a standardized 6-week self-defense program on the incidence of sexual assault in adolescent high school girls in an urban slum in Nairobi, Kenya. Methods: Population-based survey of 522 high school girls in the Korogocho-Kariobangi locations in Nairobi, Kenya, at baseline and 10 months later. Subjects were assigned by school attended to either a "No Means No Worldwide" self-defense course (eight schools; N = 402) or to a life-skills class (two schools; N = 120). Both the intervention and the life-skills classes were taught in the schools by trained instructors. Participants were administered the same survey at baseline and follow-up. Results: A total of 522 girls (mean age, 16.7 ± 1.5 years; range, 14-21 years) completed surveys at baseline, and 489 at 10-month follow-up. At baseline, 24.5% reported sexual assault in the prior year, with the majority (90%) reporting assault by someone known to them (boyfriend, 52%; relative, 17%; neighbor, 15%; teacher or pastor, 6%). In the self-defense intervention group, the incidence of sexual assault decreased from 24.6% at baseline to 9.2% at follow-up (p <.001), in contrast to the control group, in which the incidence remained unchanged (24.2% at baseline and 23.1% at follow-up; p =.10). Over half the girls in the intervention group reported having used the self-defense skills to avert sexual assault in the year after the training. Rates of disclosure increased in the intervention group, but not in controls. Conclusions: A standardized 6-week self-defense program is effective in reducing the incidence of sexual assault in slum-dwelling high school girls in Nairobi, Kenya. © 2013 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved.
Namuye S.,United States International University Africa |
Mutanu L.,United States International University Africa
2016 IST-Africa Conference, IST-Africa 2016 | Year: 2016
Bridging the digital divide has recently become the primary goals of any developing country as technology is increasingly being linked to development. Many developing countries have set up initiatives that focus on using Information Communication Technology (ICT) to bridge this gap in a visible future. However, a lot still needs to be done in ensuring that ICT solutions are relevant. Service Oriented technology offers a great opportunity to create and provide flexible solutions that can evolve to address changing environmental needs that often hinder the use of ICT for development. Moreover, there is a growing interest in Autonomic Computing Research, which is aimed at addressing the challenges presented by ICT solutions that cannot adapt to the user's environment. In view of this we propose a model for creating adaptable applications through the use of service oriented techniques that can be used for information access. © 2016 IIMC.
Nerubucha D.W.,United States International University Africa
Environmental Earth Sciences | Year: 2011
Water is life, for people and for the planet. The supply and demand for improved water plays a paramount role in the analyses of community health. The general objective of this study is to investigate whether improved water supply reduces incidents of water-borne disease and that access to latrines and water for washing reduces incidents of sanitary/hygienic-related disease, enhancing peoples' livelihood as a result. Arising from the dearth of knowledge on rural water supply services in Kenya, this study intends to show the extent to which rural households participate in decision-making about improved water supply, assess their choices of water supply, and identify the likelihood of exclusion from the use of improved water sources among the rural households. The study proposes to use the Ordinary Least Squares Method in the analysis to verify the hypothesis that greater access to water supply will provide more available time for individuals (mostly women), to utilize in other endeavors that can influence the economic welfare (or wellbeing), and improve overall health and basic sanitation of the community. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.
Macharia J.,United States International University Africa
2013 IST-Africa Conference and Exhibition, IST-Africa 2013 | Year: 2013
The rapid spread of mobile phones and services such as mobile money transactions means that the number of mobile users may already have exceeded the number of banked people in many low income countries. Although policy makers, newspapers, and mobile phone companies have speculation and optimism regarding mobile money effect on individual saving and wealth creation, it is only evidence from research that can confirm their optimism. Therefore the purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the influence of mobile money on wealth creation of the unbanked. The study examines the particular case of selected unbanked populations in Kenya, and the role of mobile banking in uplifting their livelihood. © 2013 The Authors.
Wamuyu P.K.,United States International University Africa
Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries | Year: 2014
The use of mobile money, mobile payments and other related mobile financial transactions in Africa vary from one country to another. This can be attributed to the level of technology maturity, a country's level of social-economic development and the financial transactions ecosystem. The study investigates usage patterns and adoption of mobile money in day-today person-to-person money transfers using mobile telephone, mobile payments and integration of mobile money in financial services in Kenya. The study explores the underlying contextual social and economic factors influencing successful use of mobile money in Kenya by probing the pre-usage (before mobile money) transfer of funds and the innovation attributes of mobile money that could have positively influenced this rapid uptake and continuance intentions. The study employs a survey questionnaire and two focus groups to collect data from mobile money users. The study result indicates that pre-usage methods of money transfers significantly influenced initial uptake of mobile money in Kenya while its technical attributes have sustained a positive influence on continuance intentions. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
Hartwell J.K.,United States International University Africa
Journal of Medical Practice Management | Year: 2010
As a retention strategy, healthcare organizations offer reduced-hour schedules to physicians seeking better work-family balance. However, this quantitative study of 94 full-time and reduced-hour female physicians in the Boston area found that working fewer hours helps physicians achieve better balance but does not improve their burnout or career satisfaction, or impact their in-tention to quit or leave the field of medicine. Instead, the findings demonstrate that psychological contract fulfillment, which reflects the subjective nature of the employment relationship, is more important than work hours, an objective job condition, in predicting intention to quit and these other outcomes. A fine-grained analysis is initiated uncovering the mul-tidimensionality of the psychological contract construct. To integrate successful reduced-hour arrangements for physicians, medical managers are directed to the importance of understanding the composition of reduced-hour physicians' psychological contracts, specifically, their need to do challenging work, receive high levels of supervisor support, and promotion opportunities. Copyright © 2010 by Greenbranch Publishing LLC.