Van Langenhove L.,United Nations University
Global Policy | Year: 2010
This article presents an analysis of the multilateral system, arguing that multilateralism is going through a profound set of changes as a result of: (1) the emergence of new multilateral actors; (2) the development of new multilateral playing fields; and (3) the rise of new concepts of multilateralism. This has consequences for world politics: the world is moving from unipolarity towards a networked form of multipolarity. This article proposes to grasp these changes through the 'Web 2.0' metaphor, as the existing multilateral system is contrasted with the emerging 'Mode 2.0' of which the main characteristics are: (1) the diversification of multilateral organisations; (2) the growing importance of nonstate actors such as substate regions and supranational regional organisations; (3) the increased interlinkages between policy domains; and (4) the growing space for citizen involvement. The main upshot is that the multilateral system is moving from a closed to an open system. Both states and international organisations will have to adapt to this new reality. © 2010 London School of Economics and Political Science and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source
Kim R.E.,Australian National University |
Kim R.E.,United Nations University
Global Environmental Change | Year: 2013
The conventional piecemeal approach to environmental treaty-making has resulted in a 'maze' of international agreements. However, little is known empirically about its overall structure and evolutionary dynamics. This study reveals and characterizes the evolving structure of the web of international environmental treaty law. The structure was approximated using 1001 cross-references among 747 multilateral environmental agreements concluded from 1857 to 2012. Known network analysis measures were used to answer the following questions: has a complex system of international environmental treaty law emerged? If so when, and what does it look like? What are its topological properties? To what extent is the institutional complex fragmented? The network analysis suggested that multilateral environmental agreements have self-organized into an interlocking system with a complex network structure. Furthermore, the system has defragmented as it coevolved with the increasing complexity and interconnectivity of global environmental challenges. This study demonstrates the need to approach multilateral environmental agreements in the context of a complex networked system, and recommends against assuming the overall institutional structure is fragmented. Proposals for global environmental governance reform should pay attention to this network's emergent polycentric order and complexity and to the implications of these features for the functioning of the multilateral environmental agreement system. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV.2013.6.5-2 | Award Amount: 1.20M | Year: 2013
Mobilizing knowledge suggests that there is need to dynamize the context in which knowledge about risks is developed, shared, and maintained. It conveys the implicit assumption that knowledge is perhaps currently fragmented and stuck in different compartments and bodies, be they institutions, agencies, universities, research centres, communities, individuals. While with this proposal we fully agree with this assumption, we think it is time to abandon the idea of a knowledge transfer, as a good that can be moved from the scientific arena into policy making or into administrative practices. The questions that we wish to ask are who should know what, who actually knows, and if knowledge produced in various ways and fields is effective in achieving disaster risk reduction and climate change prevention and adaptation. Three issues seem particularly relevant to explore: - Fragmentation and separations of arenas (i.e. Scientists, Public and private agencies or organizations in the field of prevention) - Changes that have occurred in risk knowledge management strategies overtime - Knowledge management about risk in times of crisis. The main objective of this proposal is to frame a knowledge management system for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation that may be considered as a comprehensive reference for establishing, reinforcing, or revising current prevention, mitigation and adaptation strategies. Such knowledge system will embody what has been achieved in different arenas and by different social groups in the field of prevention, preparedness and adaptation. In order to do so, a circular process between scientific and technical analysis and dissemination will be developed, so as to make use of a wider expertise and reach a larger audience. We want to use some of the dissemination activities as small tests of what deem should be done at large for creating an effective development, sharing, and maintenance of knowledge.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO.2013-1.4 | Award Amount: 3.28M | Year: 2013
The project aims to support the advancement of the bi-regional STI policy dialogue between the EU MS/AC and the Eastern Partnership countries, with an explicit focus on the Societal Challenges that have been identified to be of mutual interest for the two regions, namely Climate Change, Energy and Health. In particular the project will identify actions and stakeholders and will implement innovative pilot activities to strengthen the coordination and impact of the individual actions. In terms of policy dialogue, the project will provide analytical evidence and monitoring to feed the dialogue and to support joint agenda setting. Policy mix reviews will be implemented along with capacity building activities with emphasis on the promotion of Innovation. More specifically, links with the EU technology platforms will be established allowing mutual learning and exchange of best practices for enhanced public-private partnerships between the two regions. In addition, support to FP contacts will be provided to strengthen their role and to adapt their functioning to the challenges of H2020. The proposed project will build on the experience of the previous projects (IncoNet EECA and IncoNet CA/SC) targeting the region and will develop synergies with the forthcoming project targeting the Central Asian countries.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.6.4-3 | Award Amount: 6.53M | Year: 2014
Coastal floods are one of the most dangerous and harmful natural hazards affecting urban areas adjacent to shorelines. Rapid urbanisation combined with climate change and poor governance means a significant increase in the risk of local surface flooding coinciding with high water levels in rivers and high tide or storm surges from the sea, posing a greater risk of devastation to coastal communities. The threats posed need to be addressed not just in terms of flood prediction and control, but taking into account governance and socio-economic issues. PEARL brings together world leading expertise in both the domain of hydro-engineering and risk reduction and management services to pool knowledge and practical experience in order to develop more sustainable risk management solutions for coastal communities focusing on present and projected extreme hydro-meteorological events. The project will examine 7 case studies from across the EU to develop a holistic risk reduction framework that can identify multi-stressor risk assessment, risk cascading processes and strengthen risk governance by enabling an active role for key actors. The research programme links risk and root cause assessment through enhanced FORIN methodology, event prediction, forecast and warning, development of adaptive structural and non-structural strategies and active stakeholder participation. The project aims to develop novel technologies and methods that can improve the early warning process and its components; it builds a pan-European knowledge base gathering real case studies and demonstrations of best practice across the EU to support capacity development for the delivery of cost-effective risk-reduction plans. Additionally, the project provides an interface to relevant ongoing tsunami work: it plugs into global databases, early warning systems and processes at WMO, and contributes to community building, development of guidelines and communication avenues at the global level through IWA.