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Corbane C.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra | Saito K.,Cambridge Architectural Research Ltd | Dell'Oro L.,United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR | Bjorgo E.,United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR | And 17 more authors.
Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing | Year: 2011

The paper provides an account of how three key relief organizations worked together after the devastating Haiti earthquake to produce the first damage assessment based mainly on the use of remotely-sensed imagery. This assessment was jointly conducted by the World Bank (WB), the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT), and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC). This paper discusses the data sources used for the assessment, the methodologies employed to evaluate building damage, and a set of independent studies to validate the final damage results. Finally, a vision of the role of remote sensing technologies in future disasters is presented that serves as a road map for methodological improvements © 2011 American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Peterson P.J.,Flinders University | Peterson P.J.,United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR | Mokhtar M.b.,National University of Malaysia | Chang C.,United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR | Krueger J.,United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR
Journal of Environmental Management | Year: 2010

This paper briefly outlines the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) and what is meant by GHS implementation in terms of policy-related information for decision-makers plus a framework of actions to enable such policies to be effectively undertaken. The paper discusses the need for simple indicators to measure progress with GHS implementation. Two groups of indicators have been described that comprehensively reflect basic components of GHS implementation. The first group was presented as aggregated indicators or indices, for national capability evaluation. Indicators to evaluate management performance linked to stated objectives were presented as the second group. Information from an Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) published questionnaire on GHS implementation and a questionnaire by the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety (IFCS) on chemical safety that included GHS have provided the basic information for applying the management capability indicators approach. Through the use of information in these two questionnaires, country-relevant and regional progress with GHS implementation was illustrated. Despite the GHS implementation target of 2008 set by the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, very few countries have reported they have achieved this target. The simple management indicators proposed in this paper are based on adoption of a questionnaire and a numerical scoring system that could be used to chart progress towards GHS implementation. It was concluded, therefore, that the use of indicators as described in this paper does provide a quick survey of the overall situation in a country and facilitates comparison between countries across regions in terms of GHS implementation. Furthermore such results may indicate which countries require additional assistance with GHS implementation thus strengthening policies and actions across all sectors and involving governments, business, trade, and civil society. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Jedlovec G.,NASA | Bjorgo E.,United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR | Burn A.,Center for Advancement of Science in Space
International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) | Year: 2015

A conceptual organization for a Center of Excellence to facilitate the development, transition, and utilization of Earth remote sensing observations for humanitarian applications by the broader international community is presented and discussed. The organization and functionality of the Center of Excellence eliminates many of the current limitations on the broader use of Earth remote sensing data for these applications. Examples of such organizations are presented along with domestic and international applications. © 2015 IEEE.

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