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Morof D.F.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Sami S.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Mangeni M.,United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Uganda | Blanton C.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2014

Objective: To assess gender-based violence andmental health outcomes among a population of female urban refugees and asylum seekers.Methods: In a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 in Kampala, Uganda, a study team interviewed a stratified random sample of female refugees and asylum seekers aged 1559 years fromthe Democratic Republic of Congo and Somalia. Questionnaireswere used to collect information about recent and lifetime exposure to sexual and physical violence, and symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).Results: Among the 500 women selected, 117 (23.4%) completed interviews. The weighted lifetime prevalences of experiencing any (physical and/or sexual) violence, physical violence, and sexual violence were 77.5% (95% CI 66.688.4), 76.2% (95% CI 65.287.2), and 63.3% (95% CI 51.275.4), respectively. Lifetime history of physical violence was associated with PTSD symptoms (P < 0.001), aswas lifetime history of sexual violence (P= 0.014).Overall, 112women had symptoms of depression (weighted prevalence 92.0; 95% CI 83.9100) and 83 had PTSD symptoms (weighted prevalence 71.1; 95% CI 59.982.4).Conclusion: Prevalences of violence, depression, and PTSD symptoms among female urban refugees in Kampala are high. Additional services and increased availability of psychosocial programs for refugees are needed. © 2014 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Uganda
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2014

To assess gender-based violence and mental health outcomes among a population of female urban refugees and asylum seekers.In a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 in Kampala, Uganda, a study team interviewed a stratified random sample of female refugees and asylum seekers aged 15-59 years from the Democratic Republic of Congo and Somalia. Questionnaires were used to collect information about recent and lifetime exposure to sexual and physical violence, and symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).Among the 500 women selected, 117 (23.4%) completed interviews. The weighted lifetime prevalences of experiencing any (physical and/or sexual) violence, physical violence, and sexual violence were 77.5% (95% CI 66.6-88.4), 76.2% (95% CI 65.2-87.2), and 63.3% (95% CI 51.2-75.4), respectively. Lifetime history of physical violence was associated with PTSD symptoms (P<0.001), as was lifetime history of sexual violence (P=0.014). Overall, 112 women had symptoms of depression (weighted prevalence 92.0; 95% CI 83.9-100) and 83 had PTSD symptoms (weighted prevalence 71.1; 95% CI 59.9-82.4).Prevalences of violence, depression, and PTSD symptoms among female urban refugees in Kampala are high. Additional services and increased availability of psychosocial programs for refugees are needed.

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