Libert B.,United Nations Economic Commission for Europe UNECE |
Lipponen A.,United Nations Economic Commission for Europe UNECE
International Journal of Water Resources Development | Year: 2012
This paper provides an overview of topical issues and problems related to transboundary water resources in Central Asia and their management in the light of the Second Assessment carried out under the UNECE Water Convention (2009-2011) as well as experiences from ongoing projects. The conflict between water use for hydropower and for agriculture, land degradation and negatively impacted ecosystems resulting from reduced flows and degraded water quality, poor condition of the hydraulic infrastructure, and the legacy of pollution all have implications for health, economy, and stability in the region. The outdated legal framework for regional cooperation on shared waters requires improvement to help find sustainable long-term solutions for reasonable and equitable use of shared water resources. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.
Kurki V.,Tampere University of Technology |
Lipponen A.,United Nations Economic Commission for Europe UNECE |
Katko T.,Tampere University of Technology
Water International | Year: 2013
This paper analyzes the use of managed aquifer recharge (MAR) in community water supply in Finland and presents some international experiences for comparison. The framework of MAR consists of the natural environment and physical infrastructure, as well as socio-economic aspects, all of which are interrelated. Local conditions form the basis of an MAR system and to a large degree determine infiltration options and the most suitable methods. Finnish hydrogeology, climate and local conditions are highly comparable to those in Sweden but differ from those of other parts of Europe, Australia, the USA and Asia. This article provides a holistic view of MAR not only as a technical means of resource enhancement for water supply but also as an element interacting with the natural environment and society. © 2013 International Water Resources Association.
Koeppel S.,United Nations Economic Commission for Europe UNECE
Transboundary Water Management in a Changing Climate - Proceedings of the AMICE Final Conference | Year: 2013
Cooperation on adaptation in transboundary basins is necessary and beneficial, but still rare. The programme of pilot projects and platform for exchanging experience on adaptation in transboundary basins under the UNECE Water Convention aims to support dialogue and cooperation on the design of an adaptation strategy in the transboundary context. After about 2 years of implementation of the currently 8 pilot projects some lessons learnt can be shared. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group.