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Le Maitre E.,Unite de Neuropsychopharmacologie de la Depression | Le Maitre E.,Karolinska University Hospital | Dourmap N.,Unite de Neuropsychopharmacologie de la Depression | Dourmap N.,Neovasc | And 8 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2013

Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ is the endogenous ligand of NOP receptor, formerly referred to as the Opioid Receptor-Like 1 receptor. We have previously shown that NOP receptors were located on serotonergic neurons in the rat dorsal raphe nucleus, suggesting possible direct interactions between nociceptin and serotonin in this region, which is a target for antidepressant action. In the present study, we investigated further the link between Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant treatments and the nociceptin/NOP receptor system. Intraperitoneal administration of the SSRI citalopram induced an increase in NOP-receptor density, measured by autoradiographic [ 3H] nociceptin binding, in the rat dorsal raphe nucleus, from the first to the 21st day of treatment. This effect was also observed with other SSRIs (sertraline, fluoxetine), but not with two tricyclic antidepressants (imipramine, clomipramine) and was abolished by pre-treatment with para-chlorophenylalanine, an inhibitor of serotonin synthesis. Using microdialysis experiments, we demonstrated that NOP-receptor activation by infusion of nociceptin 10-6 M or 10-5 M increased the level of extracellular serotonin in the dorsal raphe nucleus. This effect was abolished by co-infusion of the NOP-receptor antagonist UFP 101. These results confirm the existence of reciprocal interactions between serotonin and nociceptin/NOP transmissions in the dorsal raphe nucleus. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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