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Hospital de Órbigo, Spain

Montraveta A.,Institute dinvestigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS | Xargay-Torrent S.,Institute dinvestigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS | Rosich L.,Institute dinvestigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS | Lopez-Guerra M.,Institute dinvestigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS | And 8 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015

Acadesine is a nucleoside analogue with known activity against B-cell malignancies. Herein, we showed that in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cells acadesine induced caspase-dependent apoptosis through turning on the mitochondrial apoptotic machinery. At the molecular level, the compound triggered the activation of the AMPK pathway, consequently modulating known downstream targets, such as mTOR and the cell motility-related vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP). VASP phosphorylation by acadesine was concomitant with a blockade of CXCL12-induced migration. The inhibition of the mTOR cascade by acadesine, committed MCL cells to enter in apoptosis by a translational downregulation of the antiapoptotic Mcl- 1 protein. In contrast, Bcl-2 protein levels were unaffected by acadesine and MCL samples expressing high levels of Bcl-2 tended to have a reduced response to the drug. Targeting Bcl-2 with the selective BH3-mimetic agent ABT-199 sensitized Bcl- 2high MCL cells to acadesine. This effect was validated in vivo, where the combination of both agents displayed a more marked inhibition of tumor outgrowth than each drug alone. These findings support the notions that antiapoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family regulate MCL cell sensitivity to acadesine and that the combination of this agent with Bcl-2 inhibitors might be an interesting therapeutic option to treat MCL patients.

Costa D.,Unitat dHematopatologia | Munoz C.,Unitat dHematopatologia | Carrio A.,Unitat dHematopatologia | Nomdedeu M.,Hospital Clinic | And 26 more authors.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer | Year: 2013

The infrequency of translocations in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and chronic myelomonocytic leukemias (CMML) makes their identification and reporting interesting for the recognition of the recurrent ones and the genes involved in these neoplasias. The aims of this study were to identify new translocations associated with MDS and CMML and to establish their frequency in a cohort of 8,016 patients from the Spanish Group of MDS database. The karyotype was evaluable in 5,654 (70%) patients. Among those, 2,014 (36%) had chromosomal abnormalities, including 213 (10%) translocations identified in 195 patients. The translocations were balanced in 183 (86%) cases and unbalanced in 30 (14%) cases. All chromosomes were found to be involved in translocations, with the single exception of the Y chromosome. The chromosomes most frequently involved were in decreasing frequency: 3, 1, 7, 2, 11, 5, 12, 6, and 17. Translocations were found in karyotypes as the unique chromosomal abnormality (33%), associated with another chromosomal abnormality (11%), as a part of a complex karyotype (17%), and as a part of a monosomal karyotype (38%). There were 155 translocations not previously described in MDS or CMML and nine of them appeared to be recurrent. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Costa D.,Unitat dHematopatologia | Munoz C.,Unitat dHematopatologia | Carrio A.,Unitat dHematopatologia | Arias A.,Unitat dHematopatologia | And 9 more authors.
Acta Haematologica | Year: 2016

Recurrent translocations are uncommon in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Three new recurrent translocations, namely der(12)t(3;12)(q13;p13), t(11;13;22)(q13;q14;q12) and der(17)t(13;17)(q21;p13), identified by conventional cytogenetics (CC) in 4 MDS patients, were further characterized using a panel of commercial and homemade fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes. The goal of this study was to determine the precise breakpoints and to identify genes that could be related with the neoplastic process. Half of the breakpoints (4/8) were precisely identified and in the remaining half they were narrowed to a region ranging from 14 to 926 kb. All the studied breakpoints had interstitial or terminal deletions ranging from 536 kb to 89 Mb, and only those 7 Mb were detected by CC. The genes located in or around the breakpoints described in our study have not been previously related to MDS. The deleted regions include the ETV6 and RB1 genes, among others, and exclude the TP53 gene. FISH studies were useful to refine the breakpoints of the translocations, but further studies are needed to determine the role of the involved genes in the neoplastic process. © 2015 S. Karger AG.

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