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Marfella R.,The Second University of Naples | Maio P.,Unita Operativa Malattie Infettive | Di Stasio M.,CNR Institute of Food Sciences | Paolisso G.,The Second University of Naples | Colonna G.,The Second University of Naples

Both type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection are associated with increased risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Cytokines are known to play an important role not only in the mechanisms of insulin resistance and glucose disposal defects but also in the pathological processes occurring in the liver during viral infection. We evaluated the serum levels of many cytokines, chemokines, adipokines and growth factors in patients with type 2 diabetes, CHC, CHC-related cirrhosis, CHC and type 2 diabetes and CHC-related cirrhosis and type 2 diabetes by BioPlex assay. The obtained data evidenced that the serum levels of some proteins are significantly up-regulated in all the patients or in those with only one disease and are often higher, even if in different amounts, when both diseases are associated. In particular, our results can be useful for the clinical monitoring of patients because they give specific information in regard to the progression from CHC to LC and CHD to LCD. Moreover, some molecules have shown significant correlations with clinical/biochemical data, suggesting the possibility to define mini-panels that can be used as specific markers for the different disease staging. However, our observations demonstrate that an integrated approach is much more powerful than isolated measurements to evaluate specific stages of these two complex pathologies (type 2 diabetes and chronic CHC hepatitis) alone or when they are concomitant in a patient. In fact it has emerged as an accurate, simple, specific, noninvasive, reproducible and less expensive method that, in future, could be included in routine clinical practice to monitor the association of type 2 diabetes and/or CHC to liver cirrhosis and, possibly, to cancer, and to improve the prognosis of these diseases. © 2012 Costantini et al. Source

Maio P.,Unita Operativa Malattie Infettive | Colonna G.,The Second University of Naples
Clinical Biochemistry

Objectives: This study was aimed at searching noninvasive markers of the transition from mild to severe fibrosis stage in HCV patients undergoing hepatic fibrosis. Design and methods: Thirty-three patients affected by chronic HCV vs. twenty healthy donors were evaluated for the serum levels of several circulating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), TRAIL and β-NGF by multiplex biometric ELISA based immunoassay and anti- and pro-oxidant status (d-ROMs, BAP and NO) using a Diacron automated method. Results: HCV patients displayed increased expression levels of MMP-8, MMP-9, TRAIL and β-NGF, and an imbalance between pro- and antioxidant status, that contribute to liver fibrosis. Conclusions: Since the determination of these parameters represents a reliable and easily applicable method, these parameters are suggested as serum surrogate markers for HCV patients in the routine clinical practice. © 2012 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Source

Capone F.,CROM | Guerriero E.,CROM | Colonna G.,The Second University of Naples | Maio P.,Unita Operativa Malattie Infettive | And 8 more authors.

Understanding the dynamics of the complex interaction network of cytokines, defined as "cytokinome", can be useful to follow progression and evolution of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from its early stages as well as to define therapeutic strategies. Recently we have evaluated the cytokinome profile in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and/or chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection and/or cirrhosis suggesting specific markers for the different stages of the diseases. Since T2D has been identified as one of the contributory cause of HCC, in this paper we examined the serum levels of cytokines, growth factors, chemokines, as well as of other cancer and diabetes biomarkers in a discovery cohort of patients with T2D, chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and/or CHC-related HCC comparing them with a healthy control group to define a profile of proteins able to characterize these patients, and to recognize the association between diabetes and HCC. The results have evidenced that the serum levels of some proteins are significantly and differently up-regulated in all the patients but they increased still more when HCC develops on the background of T2D. Our results were verified also using a separate validation cohort. Furthermore, significant correlations between clinical and laboratory data characterizing the various stages of this complex disease, have been found. In overall, our results highlighted that a large and simple omics approach, such as that of the cytokinome analysis, supplemented by common biochemical and clinical data, can give a complete picture able to improve the prognosis of the various stages of the disease progression. We have also demonstrated by means of interactomic analysis that our experimental results correlate positively with the general metabolic picture that is emerging in the literature for this complex multifactorial disease. Copyright: © 2015 Capone et al. Source

Tascini C.,Unita Operativa Malattie Infettive | Bongiorni M.G.,Unita Operativa Cardiologia II | Di Cori A.,Unita Operativa Cardiologia II | Di Paolo A.,University of Pisa | And 9 more authors.
Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care

Background and Methods: Nine patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) endocarditis were treated with daptomycin after the failure of previous treatment. The blood and CIED lead cultures of 1 patient were negative. In the other 8 patients, we observed 6 monomicrobic infections and 2 polymicrobic infections. Overall, 10 strains were isolated in these patients: 4 methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, 2 methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, 1 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus hominis, and 1 Propionibacterium acnes. The CIED was removed transvenously in 7 patients. Two patients were too sick for the removal of their CIED, and were cured with 6 mg/kg of daptomycin for 60 and 110 days, respectively, without adverse events. Results: One patient died 4 days after the removal of his CIED because of a complicated abdominal aortic aneurysm. The other 8 patients were cured, with a mean follow-up of 17 ± 8 months. The removed leads were negative, after daptomycin therapy, in 4 cases out of 7. The mean ratio between peak daptomycin concentration and minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the causative strains was 38.3 ± 18.5. For patients whose data were available, the ratio between peak daptomycin concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) was 13.2 ± 3.2. Conclusion: Daptomycin monotherapy may be a useful therapeutic tool in difficult-to-treat CIED endocarditis, resulting in a high rate of cures and sterilized leads removed. The ratio between peak daptomycin concentration and MIC or MBC may be useful as predictive tool for treatment success. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

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