Bruno S.,University of Genoa |
Ghiotto F.,University of Genoa |
Tenca C.,University of Genoa |
Mazzarello A.N.,University of Genoa |
And 7 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2012
The in vitro effects of the synthetic retinoid N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4HPR, fenretinide) on primary B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells from previously untreated CLL patients were investigated. 4HPR promoted the intrinsic apoptotic pathway by reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and was accompanied by drop of Mcl-1 protein expression. The latter was not attributable to transcriptional downregulation but to protein degradation mediated by jun N-terminal kinase activation, and likely by NF-kB downregulation and Noxa upregulation. CLL cells stimulated in vitro with CD40L did not increase 4HPR chemoresistance if activation was accompanied by proliferation. Intra-patient analysis confirmed that the proliferating pool of CLL cells was more sensitive to the cytotoxic action of 4HPR than the activated but resting CLL subpopulation. The different 4HPR susceptibility of the two subpopulations was associated with higher Noxa expression in proliferating CLLs. Combination experiments revealed that 4HPR strongly potentiated ABT-737 cytotoxicity, especially in proliferating CLL cells that displayed amplified chemoresistance to ABT-737 alone. Synergic cytotoxicity was also demonstrated in combination with fludarabine, in both resting and stimulated CLL samples. This study entitles 4HPR to be assayed as a chemotherapeutic adjuvant for the treatment of CLL. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited.
Bortezomib-thalidomide-dexamethasone is superior to thalidomide- dexamethasone as consolidation therapy after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma
Cavo M.,University of Bologna |
Pantani L.,University of Bologna |
Petrucci M.T.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
Patriarca F.,Policlinico Universitario |
And 23 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012
In a randomized, phase 3 study, superior complete/near-complete response (CR/nCR) rates and extended progression-free survival were demonstrated with bortezomib-thalidomide-dexamethasone (VTD) versus thalidomide-dexamethasone (TD) as induction therapy before, and consolidation after, double autologous stem cell transplantation for newly diagnosed myeloma patients (intention-to-treat analysis; VTD, n = 236; TD, n = 238). This per-protocol analysis (VTD, n = 160; TD, n = 161) specifically assessed the efficacy and safety of consolidation with VTD or TD. Before starting consolidation, CR/nCR rates were not significantly different in the VTD (63.1%) and TD arms (54.7%). After consolidation, CR (60.6% vs 46.6%) and CR/nCR (73.1% vs 60.9%) rates were significantly higher for VTD-treated versus TD-treated patients. VTD consolidation significantly increased CR and CR/nCR rates, but TD did not (McNemar test). With a median follow-up of 30.4 months from start of consolidation, 3-year progression-free survival was significantly longer for the VTD group (60% vs 48% for TD). Grade 2 or 3 peripheral neuropathy (8.1% vs 2.4%) was more frequent with VTD (grade 3, 0.6%) versus TD consolidation. The superior efficacy of VTD versus TD as induction was retained despite readministration as consolidation therapy after double autologous transplantation. VTD consolidation therapy significantly contributed to improved clinical outcomes observed for patients randomly assigned to the VTD arm of the study. The study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01134484. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.
PubMed | Ospedale Generale Provinciale Cardinale G. Panico, University of Bari, Unita Terapia Intensiva Ematologica per il Trapianto Emopoietico, ARNAS Ospedale Civico Benfratelli and 8 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: British journal of haematology | Year: 2016
High-dose chemotherapy (HDT) with autologous stem cell transplantation is the standard of care for relapsed/refractory (RR) Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Given that HDT may cure a sizeable proportion of patients refractory to first salvage, development of newer conditioning regimens remains a priority. We present the results of a novel HDT regimen in which carmustine was substituted by a third-generation chloroethylnitrosourea, fotemustine, with improved pharmacokinetics and safety (FEAM; fotemustine, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan) in 122 patients with RR-HL accrued into a prospective registry-based study. Application of FEAM resulted in a 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) of 738% [95% confidence interval (CI), 064-081] with median PFS, overall survival and time to progression yet to be reached. The 2-year risk of progression adjusted for the competitive risk of death was 194% (95% CI, 012-027) for the entire patient population. Most previously established independent risk factors, except for fluorodeoxyglucose ((18) (F) FDG)-uptake, were unable to predict for disease progression and survival after FEAM. Although 32% of patients had (18) (F) FDG-positrin emission tomography-positive lesions before HDT, the 2-year risk of progression adjusted for competitive risk of death was 194% (95% CI; 012-027). No unusual acute toxicities or early/late pulmonary adverse events were registered. FEAM emerges as an ideal HDT regimen for RR-HL patients typically pre-exposed to lung-damaging treatments.
PubMed | Ospedale S.Eugenio, University of Perugia, University Campus Biomedico, UOC di Ematologia e Trapianti di Cellule Staminali and 6 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical mycology | Year: 2016
Posaconazole oral suspension (PCZ-susp) can display a variable degree of inter and intra-individual absorption. However, there is no agreement on the need of plasma-posaconazole-concentration (PPC) monitoring as a routine practice in patients receiving PCZ-susp. In this prospective, multicenter study we evaluated the variability of PPCs in hematologic patients receiving PCZ-susp prophylaxis with the aim to define conditions at different risk of subtherapeutic PPCs. Overall, 103 acute leukemia (AL) patients submitted to intensive chemotherapy (115 courses) and 46 allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT) recipients (47 courses) receiving PCZ-susp prophylaxis were considered. The adequacy of PPC pattern after the steady state (day 7 of treatment) in courses with two or more PPC measurements was defined as follows: inadequate pattern: PPC <0.5 mcg/ml at least once; borderline pattern: PPC always 0.5mcg/ml but <0.7 mcg/ml at least once; adequate pattern: PPC always 0.7 mcg/ml. The PPC pattern was evaluable in 83 and 37 AL and allo-SCT patients, respectively. It was adequate, borderline and inadequate in 63.9%, 14.5%, and 21.7% of courses, respectively, in AL, and in 62.2%, 10.8%, and 27.0% of courses, respectively, in allo-SCT. In both groups, an inadequate PPC pattern was associated with the development of diarrhea. In absence of diarrhea, the probability of an inadequate PPC pattern was 11.9% in AL and 17.2% in allo-SCT patients. PCZ-susp might be used without stringent need of PPC monitoring in patients without diarrhea.
Gay F.,University of Turin |
Magarotto V.,University of Turin |
Crippa C.,Unita Operativa di Ematologia |
Pescosta N.,Ematologia e centro Trapianti Midollo Osseo |
And 17 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2013
A sequential approach including bortezomib induction, intermediate-dose melphalan, and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), followed by lenalidomide consolidation-maintenance, has been evaluated. Efficacy and safety data have been analyzed on intention-to-treat and results updated. Newly diagnosed myeloma patients 65 to 75 years of age (n = 102) received 4 cycles of bortezomib-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin-dexamethasone, tandem melphalan (100 mg/m2) followed by ASCT (MEL100-ASCT), 4 cycles of lenalidomide-prednisone consolidation (LP), and lenalidomide maintenance (L) until disease progression. The complete response (CR) rate was 33% after MEL100-ASCT, 48% after LP and 53% after L maintenance. After a median follow-up of 66 months, median time-to-progression (TTP) was 55 months and median progression-free survival 48 months. Median overall survival (OS) was not reached, 5-year OS was 63%. In CR patients, median TTP was 70 months and 5-year OS was 83%. Median survival from relapse was 28 months. Death related to adverse events (AEs) occurred in 8/102 patients during induction or transplantation. Rate of death related to AEs was higher in patients ≥70 years compared with younger (5/26 vs 3/76, P = .024). Bortezomib-induction followed by ASCT and lenalidomide consolidation-maintenance is a valuable option for elderly myeloma patients, with the greatest benefit in those younger than 70 years of age. © 2013 by The American Society of Hematology.
PubMed | S.C.Oncologia Medica, Clinica di Ematologia, University of Bologna, University of Udine and 5 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016
The prime focus of the current therapeutic strategy for Multiple Myeloma (MM) is to obtain an early and deep tumour burden reduction, up to the level of complete response (CR). To date, no description of the characteristics of the plasma cells (PC) prone to achieve CR has been reported. This study aimed at the molecular characterization of PC obtained at baseline from MM patients in CR after bortezomib-thalidomide-dexamethasone (VTD) first line therapy.One hundred and eighteen MM primary tumours obtained from homogeneously treated patients were profiled both for gene expression and for single nucleotide polymorphism genotype. Genomic results were used to obtain a predictor of sensitivity to VTD induction therapy, as well as to describe both the transcription and the genomic profile of PC derived from MM with subsequent optimal response to primary induction therapy.By analysing the gene profiles of CR patients, we identified a 5-gene signature predicting CR with an overall median accuracy of 75% (range: 72%-85%). In addition, we highlighted the differential expression of a series of genes, whose deregulation might explain patients sensitivity to VTD therapy. We also showed that a small copy number loss, covering 606Kb on chromosome 1p22.1 was the most significantly associated with CR patients.
Moreau P.,University of Nantes |
Richardson P.G.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute |
Cavo M.,University of Bologna |
Orlowski R.Z.,University of Houston |
And 3 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012
Proteasome inhibition has emerged as an important therapeutic strategy in multiple myeloma (MM). Since the publication of the first phase 1 trials of bortezomib 10 years ago, this first-in-class proteasome inhibitor (PI) has contributed substantially to the observed improvement in survival in MM patients over the past decade. Although first approved as a single agent in the relapsed setting, bortezomib is now predominantly used in combination regimens. Furthermore, the standard twice-weekly schedule may be replaced by weekly infusion, especially when bortezomib is used as part of combination regimens in frontline therapy. Indeed, bortezomib is an established component of induction therapy for patients eligible or ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. Bortezomib has also been incorporated into conditioning regimens before autologous stem cell transplantation, as well as into post-ASCT consolidation therapy, and in the maintenance setting. In addition, a new route of bortezomib administration, subcutaneous infusion, has recently been approved. Recently, several new agents have been introduced into the clinic, including carfilzomib, marizomib, and MLN9708, and trials investigating these "secondgeneration" PIs in patients with relapsed/refractory MMs have demonstrated positive results. This review provides an overview of the role of PIs in the treatment of MM, focusing on developments over the past decade. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.
Trecarichi E.M.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart |
Pagano L.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart |
Candoni A.,University of Udine |
Pastore D.,Ematologia con Trapianto Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Policlinico |
And 8 more authors.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2015
A prospective cohort study was conducted in nine hematology wards at tertiary care centres or at university hospitals located throughout Italy from January 2009 to December 2012. All of the cases of bacterial bloodstream infection (BBSI) occurring in adult patients with hematologic malignancies were included. A total of 668 bacterial isolates were recovered in 575 BBSI episodes. Overall, the susceptibility rates of Gram-negative bacteria were 59.1% to ceftazidime, 20.1% to ciprofloxacin, 79.1% to meropenem, 85.2% to amikacin, 69.2% to gentamicin and 69.8% to piperacillin/tazobactam. Resistance to third-generation cephalosporins was found in 98/265 (36.9%) of Enterobacteriaceae isolates. Among Klebsiella pneumoniae strains, 15/43 (34.9%) were resistant to carbapenems. Of 66 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates, 46 (69.7%) were multidrug resistant. Overall, the susceptibility rates of Gram-positive bacteria were 97.4% to vancomycin and 94.2% to teicoplanin. Among the monomicrobial cases of BBSI, the 21-day mortality rate was significantly higher for those caused by Gram-negative bacteria compared to those caused by Gram-positive bacteria (47/278, 16.9% vs. 12/212, 5.6%; p<0.001). Among Gram-negative bacteria, the mortality rate was significantly higher for BBSI caused by K.pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii. Our results confirm the recently reported shift of prevalence from Gram-positive to Gram-negative bacteria as causative agents of BBSIs among patients with hematologic malignancies and highlight a worrisome increasing frequency in antimicrobial resistance among Gram-negative bacteria. © 2014 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.